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Water Quality Engineering In Natural Systems

Author: David A. Chin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118459377
Size: 37.92 MB
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Provides the tools needed to control and remediate thequality of natural water systems Now in its Second Edition, this acclaimed text sets forthcore concepts and principles that govern the fate and transport ofcontaminants in water, giving environmental and civil engineers andstudents a full set of tools to design systems that effectivelycontrol and remediate the quality of natural waters. Readers willfind coverage of all major classes of water bodies. Moreover, theauthor discusses the terrestrial fate and transport of contaminantsin watersheds, underscoring the link between terrestrial loadingsand water pollution. Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems begins withan introduction exploring the sources of water pollution and thecontrol of water pollution. It then presents the fundamentals offate and transport, including the derivation and application of theadvection–diffusion equation. Next, the text covers issuesthat are unique to: Rivers and streams Groundwater Watersheds Lakes and reservoirs Wetlands Oceans and estuaries The final two chapters are dedicated to analyzing water-qualitymeasurements and modeling water quality. This Second Edition is thoroughly updated based on thelatest findings, practices, and standards. In particular, readerswill find new methods for calculating total maximum daily loads forriver contaminants, with specific examples detailing the fate andtransport of bacteria, a pressing problem throughout the world. With end-of-chapter problems and plenty of worked examples,Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems enables readersto not only understand what happens to contaminants in water, butalso design systems to protect people from toxic pollutants.

Hydrodynamics And Water Quality

Author: Zhen-Gang Ji
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119371929
Size: 28.17 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The primary reference for the modeling of hydrodynamics and water quality in rivers, lake, estuaries, coastal waters, and wetlands This comprehensive text perfectly illustrates the principles, basic processes, mathematical descriptions, case studies, and practical applications associated with surface waters. It focuses on solving practical problems in rivers, lakes, estuaries, coastal waters, and wetlands. Most of the theories and technical approaches presented within have been implemented in mathematical models and applied to solve practical problems. Throughout the book, case studies are presented to demonstrate how the basic theories and technical approaches are implemented into models, and how these models are applied to solve practical environmental/water resources problems. This new edition of Hydrodynamics and Water Quality: Modeling Rivers, Lakes, and Estuaries has been updated with more than 40% new information. It features several new chapters, including one devoted to shallow water processes in wetlands as well as another focused on extreme value theory and environmental risk analysis. It is also supplemented with a new website that provides files needed for sample applications, such as source codes, executable codes, input files, output files, model manuals, reports, technical notes, and utility programs. This new edition of the book: Includes more than 120 new/updated figures and 450 references Covers state-of-the-art hydrodynamics, sediment transport, toxics fate and transport, and water quality in surface waters Provides essential and updated information on mathematical models Focuses on how to solve practical problems in surface waters—presenting basic theories and technical approaches so that mathematical models can be understood and applied to simulate processes in surface waters Hailed as “a great addition to any university library” by the Journal of the American Water Resources Association (July 2009), Hydrodynamics and Water Quality, Second Edition is an essential reference for practicing engineers, scientists, and water resource managers worldwide.

10th International Symposium On Process Systems Engineering Pse2009

Author: Rita Maria de Brito Alves
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444534736
Size: 48.62 MB
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This book contains the proceedings of the 10e of a series of international symposia on process systems engineering (PSE) initiated in 1982. The special focus of PSE09 is how PSE methods can support sustainable resource systems and emerging technologies in the areas of green engineering. * Contains fully searchable CD of all printed contributions * Focus on sustainable green engineering * 9 Plenary papers, 21 Keynote lectures by leading experts in the field

Soil And Water Contamination 2nd Edition

Author: Marcel van der Perk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203768892
Size: 63.96 MB
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Soil and Water Contamination, Second Edition gives a structured overview of transport and fate processes of environmental contaminants. Dealing with all topics essential for understanding and predicting contaminant patterns in soil, groundwater and surface water, it contributes to the formation of a solid basis for adequate soil and water pollution control and integrated catchment management. A unique feature of this work is that it does not treat water and soil pollution as independent processes, but as components of an integrated whole. The core of this geoscientific approach is divided into four parts: • Introduction to the basics of soil and water contamination, such as the fundamentals of environmental pollution and chemistry and the basic properties of soil, groundwater and surface water. • Source, role, and behaviour of substances in soil and water, treating natural and anthropogenic sources of nutrients, heavy metals, radionuclides and organic pollutants as well as emerging substances of concern, their physico-chemical characteristics, behaviour, and toxicity. • Transport and fate of substances in soil and water, focusing on processes of transport, exchange and transformations like advection, dispersion, adsorption kinetics and biochemical decay. Special attention is paid to the mathematical description and modelling of these processes. • Patterns of substances in soil and water, explaining spatial and temporal patterns of pollutants in soil, groundwater, and surface water, illustrated by recent case studies from fundamental and applied research. This comprehensive, successful textbook, now in its second edition, has been conscientiously updated and extended and includes many case studies, examples and exercises sections, providing undergraduate and graduate students in the Earth and Environmental Sciences with all the material necessary for the study of soil and water contamination. In addition, it can serve as a useful source of information for professionals.

Regional Ground Water Quality

Author: William M. Alley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471284536
Size: 33.49 MB
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General design considerations. Establishing a conceptual framework. Ground-water quality surveys. Geostatistical models. Inorganic chemical processes. Organic chemical concepts. Subsurface microbiology. Geochemical models. Use of environmental isotopes. Nitrate. Organic contaminants. Pesticides. Pathogens. Acid precipitation. Natural radionuclides. Freshwater-salt water environments. Analysis of karst aquifers. Case studies.

Field Sampling Methods For Remedial Investigations Second Edition

Author: Mark Edward Byrnes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420059151
Size: 75.36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Originally published in 1994, the first edition of Field Sampling Methods for Remedial Investigations soon became a premier resource in the field. The “Princeton Groundwater” course designated it as one of the top books on the market that address strategies for groundwater well installation, well completion, and groundwater sampling. This long-awaited second edition continues the tradition of providing guidance on how to develop cost-effective and defensible environmental sampling programs to support site characterization, site remediation, and building decontamination and decommissioning in both chemical and radioactive environments. The book provides guidance on how to: Implement the US EPA’s latest Data Quality Objective’s procedure Prepare and maintain defensible field documentation Use quality control sampling, data verification, data validation, and data quality assessment to assure the data collected is of adequate quality and quantity for its intended use Properly decontaminate drilling and field sampling equipment Determine appropriate health and safety requirements Manage investigation-derived waste Properly prepare sample bottles for shipment

Physical And Chemical Processes In The Aquatic Environment

Author: Erik R. Christensen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111891161X
Size: 78.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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There is need in environmental research for a book on fresh waters including rivers and lakes. Compared with other books on the topic, this book has a unique outline in that it follows pollution from sources to impact. Included in the text is the treatment of various tracers, ranging from pathogens to stable isotopes of elements and providing a comprehensive discussion which is lacking in many other books on pollution control of natural waters. Geophysical processes are discussed emphasizing mixing of water, interaction between water and the atmosphere, and sedimentation processes. Important geochemistry processes occurring in natural waters are described as are the processes specific to nutrients, organic pollutants, metals, and pathogens in subsequent chapters. Each of these chapters includes an introduction on the selected groups, followed by the physicochemical properties which are the most relevant to their behavior in natural waters, and the theories and models to describe their speciation, transport and transformation. The book also includes the most up to date information including a discussion on emerging pollutants such as brominated and phosphate flame retardants, perflurochemicals, and pharmaceutical and personal care products. Due to its importance an ecotoxicology chapter has been included featuring molecular biological methods, nanoparticles, and comparison of the basis of biotic ligand model with the Weibull dose-response model. Finally, the last chapter briefly summarizes the regulations on ambient water quality.

Grundwasserchemie

Author: Broder J. Merkel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366207611X
Size: 24.94 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.