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Waves In Geophysical Fluids

Author: John Grue
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211693564
Size: 51.78 MB
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This book describes the forecasting and risk evaluation of tsunamis by tectonic motion, land slides, explosions, run-up, and maps the tsunami sources in the world's oceans. It presents stochastic Monte-Carlo simulations and focusing mechanisms for rogue waves, nonlinear wave models, breather formulas, and the kinematics of the Draupner wave. Coverage also reveals the full story about the discovery of the very large oceanic internal waves.

Bayesian Hierarchical Space Time Models With Application To Significant Wave Height

Author: Erik Vanem
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364230253X
Size: 53.51 MB
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This book provides an example of a thorough statistical treatment of ocean wave data in space and time. It demonstrates how the flexible framework of Bayesian hierarchical space-time models can be applied to oceanographic processes such as significant wave height in order to describe dependence structures and uncertainties in the data. This monograph is a research book and it is partly cross-disciplinary. The methodology itself is firmly rooted in the statistical research tradition, based on probability theory and stochastic processes. However, that methodology has been applied to a problem in the field of physical oceanography, analyzing data for significant wave height, which is of crucial importance to ocean engineering disciplines. Indeed, the statistical properties of significant wave height are important for the design, construction and operation of ships and other marine and coastal structures. Furthermore, the book addresses the question of whether climate change has an effect of the ocean wave climate, and if so what that effect might be. Thus, this book is an important contribution to the ongoing debate on climate change, its implications and how to adapt to a changing climate, with a particular focus on the maritime industries and the marine environment. This book should be of value to anyone with an interest in the statistical modelling of environmental processes, and in particular to those with an interest in the ocean wave climate. It is written on a level that should be understandable to everyone with a basic background in statistics or elementary mathematics, and an introduction to some basic concepts is provided in the appendices for the uninitiated reader. The intended readership includes students and professionals involved in statistics, oceanography, ocean engineering, environmental research, climate sciences and risk assessment. Moreover, the book’s findings are relevant for various stakeholders in the maritime industries such as design offices, classification societies, ship owners, yards and operators, flag states and intergovernmental agencies such as the IMO.

Physics Of Lakes

Author: Kolumban Hutter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642191126
Size: 27.27 MB
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The overwhelming focus of this 2nd volume of “Physics of Lakes” is adequately expressed by its subtitle “Lakes as Oscillators”. It deals with barotropic and baroclinic waves in homogeneous and stratified lakes on the rotating Earth and comprises 12 chapters, starting with rotating shallow-water waves, demonstrating their classification into gravity and Rossby waves for homogeneous and stratified water bodies. This leads to gravity waves in bounded domains of constant depth, Kelvin, Poincaré and Sverdrup waves, reflection of such waves in gulfs and rectangles and their description in sealed basins as barotropic ‘inertial waves proper’. The particular application to gravity waves in circular and elliptical basins of constant depth leads to the description of Kelvin-type and Poincaré-type waves and their balanced description in basins of arbitrary geometry on the rotating Earth. Consideration of two-, three- and n-layer fluids with sharp interfaces give rise to the description of gravity waves of higher order baroclinicity with experimental corroboration in a laboratory flume and e.g. in Lake of Lugano, Lake Banyoles and Lake Biwa. Barotropic wave modes in Lake Onega with complex geometry show that data and computational output require careful interpretation. Moreover, a summer field campaign in Lake of Lugano and its two-layer modal analysis show that careful statistical analyses of the data are requested to match data with computational results. Three chapters are devoted to topographic Rossby waves. Conditions are outlined for which these waves are negligibly affected by baroclinicity. Three classes of these large period modes are identified: channel modes, so-called Ball modes and bay modes, often with periods which lie very close together. The last chapter deals with an entire class of Chrystal-type equations for barotropic waves in elongated basins which incorporate the effects of the rotation of the Earth.

Waves In Fluids

Author: James Lighthill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521010450
Size: 36.18 MB
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This comprehensive text describes the science of waves in fluids.

Rotating Fluids In Geophysical And Industrial Applications

Author: E.J. Hopfinger
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3709126029
Size: 43.48 MB
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The volume presents a comprehensive overview of rotation effects on fluid behavior, emphasizing non-linear processes. The subject is introduced by giving a range of examples of rotating fluids encountered in geophysics and engineering. This is then followed by a discussion of the relevant scales and parameters of rotating flow, and an introduction to geostrophic balance and vorticity concepts. There are few books on rotating fluids and this volume is, therefore, a welcome addition. It is the first volume which contains a unified view of turbulence in rotating fluids, instability and vortex dynamics. Some aspects of wave motions covered here are not found elsewhere.

Thin Films Of Soft Matter

Author: S. Kalliadasis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211698086
Size: 38.91 MB
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This book provides a detailed overview and comprehensive analysis of the main theoretical and experimental advances on free surface thin film and jet flows of soft matter. The book outlines the basic equations and boundary conditions and the derivation of low-dimensional models for the evolution of the free surface. At the experimental front, a variety of recent experimental developments is outlined and the link between theory and experiments is illustrated.

Smart Structures

Author: Jan Holnicki-Szulc
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940114611X
Size: 68.60 MB
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Smart (intelligent) structures have been the focus of a great deal of recent research interest. In this book, leading researchers report the state of the art and discuss new ideas, results and trends in 43 contributions, covering fundamental research issues, the role of intelligent monitoring in structural identification and damage assessment, the potential of automatic control systems in achieving a desired structural behaviour, and a number of practical issues in the analysis and design of smart structures in mechanical and civil engineering applications. Audience: A multidisciplinary reference for materials scientists and engineers in such areas as mechanical, civil, aeronautical, electrical, control, and computer engineering.

The Grassroots Of A Green Revolution

Author: Deborah Lynn Guber
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262571609
Size: 21.37 MB
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Draws on polling data from a variety of sources to analyze public opinion on environmental issues, discussing how key elements of public opinion indicate the depth of commitment to environmentalism.

Light Gauge Metal Structures Recent Advances

Author: Jacques Rondal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 321138023X
Size: 56.63 MB
Format: PDF
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The aim of this book is to review recent research and technical advances, including the progress in design codes, related to the engineering applications of light gauge metal sections made in carbon, high strength and stainless steel, as well as aluminium alloys. Included is a review of the new technologies for connections of light gauge metal members. Main advanced applications, for residential, non residential and industrial buildings and pallet rack systems are also covered. For the first time, this book takes into account all the metallic materials now used more and more for structural components. The book will be of great interest not only for researchers but also for design engineers faced to the use of new metallic materials in modern structural applications.

Applied Micromechanics Of Porous Materials

Author: Luc Dormieux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211380469
Size: 47.51 MB
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Poromechanics is the mechanics of porous materials and is now a well established field in many engineering disciplines, ranging from Civil Engineering, Geophysics, Petroleum Engineering to Bioengineering. However, a rigorous approach that links the physics of the phenomena at stake in porous materials and the macroscopic behaviour is still missing. This book presents such an approach by means of homogenization techniques. Rigorously founded in various theories of micromechanics, these up scaling techniques are developed for the homogenization of transport properties, stiffness and strength properties of porous materials. The special feature of this book is the balance between theory and application, providing the reader with a comprehensive introduction to state-of-the-art homogenization theories and applications to a large range of real life porous materials: concrete, rocks, shales, bones, etc.