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Weathering Of Plastics

Author: George Wypych
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815519583
Size: 43.23 MB
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In spite of extensive efforts, material weathering testing still requires improvement. This book presents findings and opinions of experts in material degradation testing. The aim is to improve testing methods and procedures. Materials are presented to show that photochemical degradation rate depends on a combination of environmental factors such as UV radiation, temperature, humidity, rain, stress, and concentration of reactive pollutants. The potential effect of each parameter of degradation on data gathered is discussed based on known results from a long experience in testing. This book contains data obtained in laboratories of the largest manufacturers of UV stabilizers and chemical companies that manufacture durable materials. The book gives details of testing procedures and choice of parameters of exposure which are crucial for obtaining laboratory results correlating with environmental performance of materials. In addition to exposure conditions, the book contains many suggestions on sample preparation and post-exposure testing. The effective use of these methods shortens testing time of materials and determines acceleration rate of testing. The book also gives examples of complete, well-designed weathering experiments which may be used as patterns for selection of parameters and techniques for new studies. The areas of research that still require more attention in future studies are clearly indicated.

Service Life Prediction Of Polymers And Plastics Exposed To Outdoor Weathering

Author: Christopher C. White
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323497772
Size: 38.59 MB
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Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Plastics Exposed to Outdoor Weathering discusses plastics and polymers and their unique applications, from sealants used in construction, to polymer composites used in planes. While these materials are important enablers for advanced technologies, exposure to weather changes the very properties of plastics that make them so useful. This book reviews current research needs and provides a consensus roadmap of the scientific barriers to validated predictive models for the response of polymers and plastics to outdoor exposure. Despite extensive efforts over the past 20-30 years, testing of polymeric materials in accelerated or natural weathering conditions and the interpretation of the weathering results still require substantial improvements. This book represents the state-of-the-art in the prediction techniques available and in development. Engineers and materials scientists working in this field will be able to use the content of this book to assess the strengths and challenges of a range of different methods and approaches. Enables engineers and scientists in a range of industries to more successfully predict the durability of polymers, paints and coatings when exposed to weather Provides the latest information to help determine the sustainability of polymeric materials Reviews the current state-of-the-art in this area and identifies research needs that are followed by more detailed discussions of specific polymers and applications

The Effect Of Uv Light And Weather

Author: Liesl K. Massey
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0815519257
Size: 62.29 MB
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This extensively updated, comprehensive databook was created for design and application engineers, scientists, and material producer technical support and research and development personnel. Important weathering characteristics and material properties of plastics and elastomers are presented in discussion, tabular and graphical sections. It provides a ready reference for comparing materials in the same family as well as materials in different families. Data are presented on 80 major plastic and elastomer materials, including biodegradable or organic polymers. New to this edition, the resin chapters each contain textual summary information including category, general description, and weathering properties detailing information of the material's susceptibility or immunity to weathering including discussion of test results. Extensive references are provided. The resin chapter material supplier trade name product data are presented in graphical and tabular format, with results normalized to SI units, retaining the familiar format of the 1st edition and allowing easy comparison between materials and test conditions.

The Effects Of Uv Light And Weather On Plastics And Elastomers

Author: Liesl K. Massey
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 9780815515258
Size: 52.11 MB
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From content: Thermoplastics, Fluoropolymers, Ionomer, Polyphenylene, Oxide, Nylon, Polycarbonate, Polyester, Polyimide, Polyketone, Polyolefin, Polyphenylene Sulfide, Polystyrene, Polysulfone, Styrene Acrylonitrile Copolymer, Styrene Butadiene Copolymer, Vinyl Resin, Thermoplastic Blends / Alloys, Biodegradable Thermoplastic Alloys, Thermosets, Polyurethane, Thermoplastic Elastomers, Thermoset Elastomers or Rubbers.

The Effect Of Uv Light And Weather On Plastics And Elastomers

Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 145573005X
Size: 31.60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

The Effect Of Uv Light And Weather On Plastics And Elastomers

Author: Plastics Design Library
ISBN: 9781884207112
Size: 59.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This handbook is an compilation that illustrates how the elements of weathering affect the properties and characteristics of 89 plastics and elastomers. It is comprised of diverse references, including conference proceedings, test laboratories, materials suppliers, monographs, and trade and technical journals. The information provided ranges from a general overview of the resistance of various plastics and elastomers to weathering (ultraviolet light, moisture, heat) to detailed discussions and test results. At the same time, an effort is made to provide information for many weathering tests and conditions (i.e. outdoor, outdoor accelerated, artificial accelerated, indoor, microbiologic attack, etc.) and material combinations. Results of weathering exposure for more than 80 families of plastics and elastomers are presented in textual, graphical and tabular formats.

Plastic Pipe Systems Failure Investigation And Diagnosis

Author: Mehdi Farshad
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080463933
Size: 42.64 MB
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Industrial and domestic piping is increasingly made from various plastics and composites, and these materials withstand heavy use over long periods. They are, however, affected by environmental and other factors over time and can degrade, causing major problems within piping systems. Farshad's book deals with why plastic pipes and systems fail, and with how to investigate and diagnose such failures. Pipes may buckle, fracture, change in dimensions and colour, blister and delaminate, corrode through stress, be abraded and obstructed: all these cause problems and lead to loss of efficient operation of a system. The author's experience is backed up by a large data-base of results Wide target audience Only book covering the entire subject Unique approach based on long experience

Plastics And The Environment

Author: Anthony L. Andrady
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471095200
Size: 41.73 MB
Format: PDF
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An original, comprehensive survey on the complex relationship between plastics and the environment Plastics offer a variety of environmental benefits. However, their production, applications, and disposal present many environmental concerns. Plastics and the Environment provides state-of-the-art technical and research information on the complex relationship between the plastic and polymer industry and the environment, focusing on the sustainability, environmental impact, and cost-benefit tradeoffs associated with different technologies. Bringing together the field's leading researchers, Anthony Andrady's innovative collection not only covers how plastics affect the environment, but also how environmental factors affect plastics. The relative benefits of recycling, resource recovery, and energy recovery are also discussed in detail. The first of the book's four sections represents a basic introduction to the key subject matter of plastics and the environment; the second explores several pertinent applications of plastics with environmental implications-packaging, paints and coatings, textiles, and agricultural film use. The third section discusses the behavior of plastics in some of the environments in which they are typically used, such as the outdoors, in biotic environments, or in fires. The final section consists of chapters on recycling and thermal treatment of plastics waste. Chapters include: * Commodity Polymers * Plastics in Transportation * Biodegradation of Common Polymers * Thermal Treatment of Polymer Waste * Incineration of Plastics The contributors also focus on the effectiveness of recent technologies in mitigating environmental impacts, particularly those for managing plastics in the solid waste stream. Plastic and design engineers, polymer chemists, material scientists, and ecologists will find Plastics and the Environment to be a vital resource to this critical industry.

Reinforced Plastics Durability

Author: Geoffrey Pritchard
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849305474
Size: 45.39 MB
Format: PDF
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Reinforced plastics are becoming widely adopted for long-term structural use-in everything from buildings and bridges to boats and swimming pools. However, the lifetimes being sought are far greater than the whole history of reinforced plastics production! Reinforced Plastics Durability explores the strength and weathering characteristics which make the material ideal for numerous applications, but also alerting the user of wear and corrosion-with studies of the processes and mechanisms which cause the deterioration. Written especially for first-time users of reinforced plastics-engineers, designers, and managers alike-Reinforced Plastics Durability offers substantial introductory information with key concepts. Subsequent chapters examine the long-term threats to the integrity of reinforced plastics: outdoor weathering, solvent/water attack, high temperatures, and repetitive stress. To maximize durability, contributors to the book report on experience with specific applications over time; the possibility of repair; and use of computer techniques to predict durability. Despite mentioning many possible threats to durability, Reinforced Plastics Durability emphasizes the fact that reinforced plastics composites have performed very well in most of the application areas. Readers will be able to take advantage of that success-and to possibly take steps toward the next phase of refinements and improvements.