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Weaving Identities

Author: Carol Hendrickson
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292779445
Size: 43.86 MB
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Traje, the brightly colored traditional dress of the highland Maya, is the principal visual expression of indigenous identity in Guatemala today. Whether worn in beauty pageants, made for religious celebrations, or sold in tourist markets, traje is more than "mere cloth"—it plays an active role in the construction and expression of ethnicity, gender, education, politics, wealth, and nationality for Maya and non-Maya alike. Carol Hendrickson presents an ethnography of clothing focused on the traje—particularly women's traje—of Tecpán, Guatemala, a bi-ethnic community in the central highlands. She covers the period from 1980, when the recent round of violence began, to the early 1990s, when Maya revitalization efforts emerged. Using a symbolic analysis informed by political concerns, Hendrickson seeks to increase the value accorded to a subject like weaving, which is sometimes disparaged as "craft" or "women's work." She examines traje in three dimensions—as part of the enduring images of the "Indian," as an indicator of change in the human life cycle and cloth production, and as a medium for innovation and creative expression. From this study emerges a picture of highland life in which traje and the people who wear it are bound to tradition and place, yet are also actively changing and reflecting the wider world. The book will be important reading for all those interested in the contemporary Maya, the cultural analysis of material culture, and the role of women in culture preservation and change.

Crossing Boundaries And Weaving Intercultural Work Life And Scholarship In Globalizing Universities

Author: Adam Komisarof
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317578813
Size: 56.14 MB
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This book generates a fresh, complex view of the process of globalization by examining how work, scholarship, and life inform each other among intercultural scholars as they navigate their interpersonal relationships and cross boundaries physically and metaphorically. Divided into three parts, the book examines: (1) the socio-psychological process of crossing boundaries constructed around nations and work organizations; (2) the negotiation of multiple aspects of identities; and (3) the role of language in intercultural encounters, in particular, adjustment taking place at linguistic and interactional levels. The authors reflect upon and give meaning and structure to their own intercultural experiences through theoretical frameworks and concepts—many of which they themselves have proposed and developed in their own research. They also provide invaluable advice for transnational scholars and those who aspire to work and live abroad to improve organizational participation and mutual intercultural engagement when working in a globalizing workplace. Researchers and practitioners of applied linguistics, communication studies, and higher education in many regions of the world will find this book an insightful resource.

Weaving A Future

Author: Elayne Zorn
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1609380347
Size: 62.13 MB
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The people of Taquile Island on the Peruvian side of beautiful Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the Americas, are renowned for the hand-woven textiles that they both wear and sell to outsiders. One thousand seven hundred Quechua-speaking peasant farmers, who depend on potatoes and the fish from the lake, host the forty thousand tourists who visit their island each year. Yet only twenty-five years ago, few tourists had even heard of Taquile. In Weaving a Future: Tourism, Cloth, and Culture on an Andean Island, Elayne Zorn documents the remarkable transformation of the isolated rocky island into a community-controlled enterprise that now provides a model for indigenous communities worldwide. Over the course of three decades and nearly two years living on Taquile Island, Zorn, who is trained in both the arts and anthropology, learned to weave from Taquilean women. She also learned how gender structures both the traditional lifestyles and the changes that tourism and transnationalism have brought. In her comprehensive and accessible study, she reveals how Taquileans used their isolation, landownership, and communal organizations to negotiate the pitfalls of globalization and modernization and even to benefit from tourism. This multi-sited ethnography set in Peru, Washington, D.C., and New York City shows why and how cloth remains central to Andean society and how the marketing of textiles provided the experience and money for Taquilean initiatives in controlling tourism. The first book about tourism in South America that centers on traditional arts as well as community control, Weaving a Future will be of great interest to anthropologists and scholars and practitioners of tourism, grassroots development, and the fiber arts.

Weaving The Tartan Culture Imperialism And Scottish Identities In Australia 1788 1938

Author: Benjamin Wilkie
Size: 22.88 MB
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Over the last two decades, a major theme in historical studies of Scotland and its diaspora has been the relationship with Empire. Historians have argued that the Scots' contribution to the British Empire was disproportionate and that, in the spheres of education, engineering, exploration, medicine, commerce, and shipping, the Scots earned a reputation for empire building. Furthermore, Scotland was one of the first British nations to develop an imperial identity, an identity through which Scots were celebrated as the supreme component of the Empire. This thesis contributes an important Australian case study to the growing literature on Scotland and Empire by offering a broad social and cultural history of the Scots in Australia from the late eighteenth to the early twentieth centuries, situating this within the context of the British Empire. It addresses the question of Scotland's contributions to the Empire in Australia and the consequent rise of an imperial identity in the nineteenth century, and argues that the realities of a changing Scotland challenged and complicated ideas of Scottishness in Australia, most notably during the early decades of the twentieth century. Overall, this thesis offers an imperial context for the history of the Scots in Australia, and expands our understanding of their experience by considering the marginal voices of Scotland's diaspora.The themes and issues of Scotland's imperial relationship with Australia are examined using a variety of case studies that draw upon a range of primary materials and associated methodologies, including historical census data, oral history interviews, newspaper reports, immigration files, and historical government reports. These social and cultural explorations take in Scottish imperial contacts with Australia, the instruments of imperial endeavour in the new colonies, and Scottish imperial cultures in Australia. This thesis also complicates the imperial experience by investigating the political, social, and cultural diversity of Scotland's diaspora in Australia. Therefore, a variety of sources and a range of historical approaches are drawn upon to present the evidence in a novel and ultimately more illuminating manner.

Arab Women S Lives Retold

Author: Nawar Al-Hassan Golley
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815631477
Size: 72.42 MB
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Examining late twentieth-century autobiographical writing by Arab women novelists, poets, and artists, this anthology explores the ways in which Arab women have portrayed and created their identities within differing social environments. Even as the collection dismantles standard notions of Arab female subservience, the works presented here go well beyond the confines of those traditional boundaries. The book explores the many routes Arab women writers have taken to speak to each other, to their readers, and to the world at large. Drawing from a rich body of literature, the essays collectively attest to the surprisingly lively and committed roles Arab women play in varied geographic regions, at home and abroad. These recent writings assess how the interplay between individual, private, ethnic identity and the collective, public, global world of politics has impacted Arab women's rights.

Indians Weaving In Cyberspace Indigenous Urban Youth Cultures Identities And Politics Of Languages

Author: Luz Jimenez Quispe
Size: 43.17 MB
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This study is aimed at analyzing how contemporary urban Aymara youth hip hoppers and bloggers are creating their identities and are producing discourses in texts and lyrics to contest racist and colonial discourses. The research is situated in Bolivia, which is currently engaged in a cultural and political revolution supported by Indigenous movements. Theoretically the study is framed by a multi-perspective conceptual framework based on subaltern studies, coloniality of power, coloniality of knowledge, interculturality and decolonial theory. Aymara young people illustrate the possibility of preserving Indigenous identities, language, and knowledge while maximizing the benefits of urban society. This challenges the colonial ideology that has essentialized the rural origin of Indigenous identities. Moreover, this research argues that the health of Indigenous languages is interconnected with the health of the self-esteem of Indigenous people. Additionally, this study provides information about the relation of youth to the power of oral tradition, language policies, and the use of technology.

Women Workers And Gender Identities 1835 1913

Author: Carol E. Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136367896
Size: 52.49 MB
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Women Workers and Gender Identities, 1835 - 1913 examines the experiences of women workers in the cotton and small metals industries and the discourses surrounding their labour. It demonstrates how ideas of womanhood often clashed with the harsh realities of working-class life that forced women into such unfeminine trades as chain-making and brass polishing. Thus discourses constructing women as wives and mothers, or associating women's work with distinctly feminine attributes, were often undercut and subverted.

Learning In Likely Places

Author: John Singleton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521480123
Size: 59.39 MB
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In this collection of nineteen case studies, edited by John Singleton, the contributors describe the transferral of knowledge and practice within particular communities of Japanese artisans, workers, artists, musicians, and professionals. Together, the essays aim to demonstrate the rich variety of pedagogical arrangements and learning patterns, both historical and contemporary, through which the Japanese pass on both cultural and practical knowledge.

Weaving Work And Motherhood

Author: Anita Ilta Garey
Publisher: Temple University Press
ISBN: 9781566397001
Size: 43.15 MB
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In American culture, the image of balancing work and family life is often represented in the glossy shot of the executive-track woman balancing cell-phone, laptop, and baby. In Weaving Work and Motherhood, Anita Ilta Garey focuses not on the corporate executives so frequently represented in American ads and magazines but, rather, on the women in jobs that typify the vast majority of women's employment in the United States. A sociologist and work and family expert, Garey situates her research in the health service industry. Interviewing a racially and ethnically diverse group of women hospital workers -- clerical workers, janitorial workers, nurses, and nurse's aids -- Garey analyzes what it means to be at once a mother who is employed and a worker with children. Within the limits of the resources available to them, women integrate their identities as workers and their identities as mothers by valuing their relation to work while simultaneously preserving cultural norms about what it means to be a good mother. Some of these women work non-day shifts in order to have the right blocks of time at home, including, for example, a registered nurse who explains how working the night shift enables her to see her children off to school, greet them when they return, and attend school events in the way she feels "good mothers" should -- even if she finds little time for sleep. Moving beyond studies of women, work, and family in terms of structural incompatibilities, Garey challenges images of the exclusively "work-oriented" or exclusively "family-oriented" mother. As women talk about their lives, Garey focuses on the meanings of motherhood and of work that underlie their strategies for integrating employment and motherhood. She replaces notions of how women "balance" work and family with a better understanding of how women integrate, negotiate, and weave together their identities as both workers and mothers. Breaking new ground in the study of work and family, Weaving Work and Motherhood offers new insights for those interested in sociology, gender and women's studies, social policy, child care, social welfare, and health care.