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Web Campaigning

Author: Kirsten A. Foot
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: 9780262062589
Size: 78.89 MB
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The evolution of electoral politics on the Web, based on extensive analysis of hundreds of campaign sites produced by candidates in U.S. elections in 2000, 2002, and 2004; a practice-based theory approach to understanding the relationship between the Web and electoral politics.

Acting With Technology

Author: Victor Kaptelinin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262263424
Size: 77.22 MB
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Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theory's principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory and its leading theoretical competitors within interaction design: distributed cognition, actor-network theory, and phenomenologically inspired approaches.

Presidential Campaigning In The Internet Age

Author: Jennifer Stromer-Galley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199731934
Size: 28.60 MB
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Presidential Campaigning in the Internet Age challenges popular claims about the democratizing effect of Digital Communication Technologies (DCTs).

The Social Media President

Author: J. Katz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137378352
Size: 47.83 MB
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The proliferation of social media has altered the way that people interact with each other - leveling the channels of communication to allow an individual to be "friends" with a sitting president. In a world where a citizen can message Barack Obama directly, this book addresses the new channels of communication in politics, and what they offer.

The Internet And National Elections

Author: Randolph Kluver
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113411463X
Size: 77.31 MB
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This volume provides a comparative analysis of the use of the World Wide Web in countries around the world for political campaign purposes. Drawing upon a common conceptual framework - the ‘Web sphere,’ and a shared methodological approach called Web feature analysis - in order to examine how the Internet is used by a variety of political actors during periods of electoral activity. Research teams around the world conducted analyses in technologically advanced nations, as well as those with low Internet diffusion, and a variety of countries in the middle range of network penetration, and from a variety of political and cultural contexts. The book represents an important contribution towards gaining a cross-national understanding of the current and emerging impacts of the Internet on political practice. To that end, the contributors collect and analyze data related to the structure for political action and information provision. They examine twelve types of political actors engaged in elections, including candidates, parties, non-governmental organizations, government, media and individual citizens. Exploring the complex dynamics between politics, culture, and information technology at both the national and global levels, The Internet and National Elections will be of interest to students and researchers of political science, communication studies, international relations, media and Internet studies.

Vergleichende Wahlkampfforschung

Author: Jens Tenscher
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658129778
Size: 26.83 MB
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Wahlkämpfe gelten als unverzichtbare Spielwiesen der Demokratie und als Hochzeiten politischer Kommunikation. In ihnen verdichten sich in periodisch wiederkehrenden Abständen die routinemäßig ablaufenden Interaktionen zwischen Parteien, Massenmedien und WählerInnen. Eine Veränderung erfahren diese Austauschprozesse durch das zeitlich befristete Hinzukommen von politischer Werbung und wahlkampfspezifischen Kommunikationsereignissen wie TV-Duellen. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes widmen sich den vergangenen Bundestags-, Europa- und Landtagswahlkämpfen in Deutschland in konsequent vergleichender Perspektive. Zum einen handelt es sich um Zeitvergleiche, die Veränderungen der Wahlkampfkommunikation überprüfen. Zum anderen werden die Wahlkampfkommunikation und deren Wirkungen, wie sie sich auf verschiedenen politischen Ebenen realisieren, in Bezug zueinander gesetzt. Dadurch wird die populäre Annahme, Haupt- und Nebenwahlkämpfe würden von Parteien, Massenmedien und WählerInnen unterschiedlich angegangen werden, auf den empirischen Prüfstand gestellt.

Digitally Enabled Social Change

Author: Jennifer Earl
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262294680
Size: 46.84 MB
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Much attention has been paid in recent years to the emergence of "Internet activism," but scholars and pundits disagree about whether online political activity is different in kind from more traditional forms of activism. Does the global reach and blazing speed of the Internet affect the essential character or dynamics of online political protest? In Digitally Enabled Social Change, Jennifer Earl and Katrina Kimport examine key characteristics of web activism and investigate their impacts on organizing and participation.Earl and Kimport argue that the web offers two key affordances relevant to activism: sharply reduced costs for creating, organizing, and participating in protest; and the decreased need for activists to be physically together in order to act together. Drawing on evidence from samples of online petitions, boycotts, and letter-writing and e-mailing campaigns, Earl and Kimport show that the more these affordances are leveraged, the more transformative the changes to organizing and participating in protest.

Invisible Users

Author: Jenna Burrell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262300680
Size: 79.35 MB
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The urban youth frequenting the Internet cafés of Accra, Ghana, who are decidedly not members of their country's elite, use the Internet largely as a way to orchestrate encounters across distance and amass foreign ties--activities once limited to the wealthy, university-educated classes. The Internet, accessed on second-hand computers (castoffs from the United States and Europe), has become for these youths a means of enacting a more cosmopolitan self. In Invisible Users, Jenna Burrell offers a richly observed account of how these Internet enthusiasts have adopted, and adapted to their own priorities, a technological system that was not designed with them in mind. Burrell describes the material space of the urban Internet café and the virtual space of push and pull between young Ghanaians and the foreigners they encounter online; the region's famous 419 scam strategies and the rumors of "big gains" that fuel them; the influential role of churches and theories about how the supernatural operates through the network; and development rhetoric about digital technologies and the future viability of African Internet cafés in the region. Burrell, integrating concepts from science and technology studies and African studies with empirical findings from her own field work in Ghana, captures the interpretive flexibility of technology by users in the margins but also highlights how their invisibility puts limits on their full inclusion into a global network society.

Shifting Practices

Author: Giovan Francesco Lanzara
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262332310
Size: 63.54 MB
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What happens in an established practice or work setting when a novel artifact or tool for doing work changes the familiar work routines? Any unexpected event, or change, or technological innovation creates a discontinuity; organizations and individuals must reframe taken-for-granted assumptions and practices and reposition themselves. To study innovation as a phenomenon, then, we must search for situations of discontinuity and rupture and explore them in depth. In Shifting Practices, Giovan Francesco Lanzara does just that, and discovers that disruptions and discontinuities caused by the introduction of new technologies often reveal aspects of practice not previously observed.After discussing methodological and research issues, Lanzara presents two in-depth studies focusing on processes of design and innovation in two different practice settings: music education and criminal justice. In the first, he works with the music department of a major American university to develop Music LOGO, a computer system that allows students to explore musical structures with simple, composition-like exercises and experiments. In the second, he works with the Italian court system in the design and use of video technology for criminal trials. In both cases, drawing on anecdotes and examples as well as theory and analysis, he traces the new systems from design through implementation and adoption. Finally, Lanzara considers the researcher's role, and the relationship -- encompassing empathy, vulnerability, and temporality -- between the reflective researcher and actors in the practice setting.