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Welding Deformation And Residual Stress Prevention

Author: Yukio Ueda
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123948207
Size: 34.54 MB
Format: PDF
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Generally, welding produces welding deformation and residual stress in the products, which influences the quality and performance of the products. Although many engineers and researchers have made great effort how to control these incidents, they have still remained unresolved. Welding Deformation and Residual Stress Prevention provides a unique computational approach to the prediction of the effects of deformation and residual stress on materials. The goal is to provide engineers and designers with the ability to create their own computational system for predicting and possibly avoiding the problem altogether. The basic theories including "theory of elastic-plastic analysis" and "inherent strain theory" , and analysis procedures are described using a simple three-bar model. Online simulation software to perform basic analysis on welding mechanics Examples of strategic methods and procedures are illustrated to have solved various welding-related problems encountered in the process of construction. Appendices present data bases for welding residual stresses, temperature dependent material properties, etc.

Residual Stresses In Friction Stir Welding

Author: Nilesh Kumar
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 012800732X
Size: 73.58 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book describes the fundamentals of residual stresses in friction stir welding and reviews the data reported for various materials. Residual stresses produced during manufacturing processes lead to distortion of structures. It is critical to understand and mitigate residual stresses. From the onset of friction stir welding, claims have been made about the lower magnitude of residual stresses. The lower residual stresses are partly due to lower peak temperature and shorter time at temperature during friction stir welding. A review of residual stresses that result from the friction stir process and strategies to mitigate it have been presented. Friction stir welding can be combined with additional in-situ and ex-situ manufacturing steps to lower the final residual stresses. Modeling of residual stresses highlights the relationship between clamping constraint and development of distortion. For many applications, management of residual stresses can be critical for qualification of component/structure. Reviews magnitude of residual stresses in various metals and alloys Discusses mitigation strategies for residual stresses during friction stir welding Covers fundamental origin of residual stresses and distortion

Maritime Technology And Engineering

Author: Carlos Guedes Soares
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315731592
Size: 79.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Maritime Technology and Engineering includes the papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Maritime Technology and Engineering (MARTECH 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, 15-17 October 2014). The contributions reflect the internationalization of the maritime sector, and cover a wide range of topics: Ports; Maritime transportation; Inland navigation; Maritime economy; Ship traffic; Maritime accidents; Ship design; Design optimization; Computer aided ship design; Shipyard technology; Longitudinal strength; Structural energy absorption; Stiffened panels; Strength of welded plates; Ship structural components; Composite structures; Structural reliability & risk; Ship propulsion; Efficient propulsion and control; Ship propulsion and environment; Environmental impact; Energy efficiency; Ship resistance; Ship maneuvring; Shallow water hydrodynamics; Computational fluid dynamics; Ship seakeeping; Seakeeping & slamming; Ship dynamics & hydrodynamics; Offshore platform dynamics; Offshore platform design; Renewable energy; Oscilating water columns converters; Wave statistics; Wave modelling; Wind & wave modelling; and two keynote papers. Maritime Technology and Engineering will be much of interest to academics and professionals involved in maritime engineering.

Advanced Processing And Manufacturing Technologies For Nanostructured And Multifunctional Materials Ii

Author: Tatsuki Ohji
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119211654
Size: 13.82 MB
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Over 170 contributions (invited talks, oral presentations, and posters) were presented by participants from universities, research institutions, and industry, which offered interdisciplinary discussions indicating strong scientific and technological interest in the field of nanostructured systems. This issue contains 23 peer-reviewed papers that cover various aspects and the latest developments related to nanoscaled materials and functional ceramics.

Analysis Of Welded Structures

Author: Koichi Masubuchi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483188434
Size: 29.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Analysis of Welded Structures: Residual Stresses, Distortion, and their Consequences encompasses several topics related to design and fabrication of welded structures, particularly residual stresses and distortion, as well as their consequences. This book first introduces the subject by presenting the advantages and disadvantages of welded structures, as well as the historical overview of the topic and predicted trends. Then, this text considers residual stresses, heat flow, distortion, fracture toughness, and brittle and fatigue fractures of weldments. This selection concludes by discussing the effects of distortion and residual stresses on buckling strength of welded structures and effects of weld defects on service behavior. This book also provides supplementary discussions on some related and selected subjects. This text will be invaluable to metallurgists, welders, and students of metallurgy and welding.

Processes And Mechanisms Of Welding Residual Stress And Distortion

Author: Zhili Feng
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849334672
Size: 66.61 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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As a fabrication technology, welding presents a number of technical challenges to the designer, manufacturer, and end-user of the welded structures. Both weld residual stress and distortion can significantly impair the performance and reliability of the welded structures. They must be properly dealt with during design, fabrication, and in-service use of the welded structures. There have been many significant and exciting developments on the subject in the past ten to fifteen years. Measurement techniques have been improved significantly. More importantly, the development of computational welding mechanics methods has been phenomenal. The progresses in the last decade or so have not only greatly expanded our fundamental understanding of the processes and mechanisms of residual stress and distortion during welding, but also have provided powerful tools to quantitatively determine the detailed residual stress and distortion information for a given welded structure. New techniques for effective residual stress and distortion mitigations and controls have also been applied in different industry sectors. Processes and Mechanisms of Welding Residual Stress and Distortion provides a comprehensive summary on the developments in the subject. It outlines theoretical treatments on heat transfer, solid mechanics and materials behavior that are essential for understanding and determining the welding residual stress and distortion. The approaches for computational methods and analysis methodology are described so that non specialists can follow them. There are chapters devoted to the discussion of various techniques for control and mitigation of residual stress and distortion, and residual stress and distortion results for various typical welded structures are provided. The second half of the book looks at case studies and practical solutions and provides insights into the techniques, challenges, limitations and future trends of each application. This book will not only be useful for advanced analysis of the subject, but also provide sufficient examples and practical solutions for welding engineers. With a panel of leading experts this authoritative book will be a valuable resource for welding engineers and designers as well as academics working in the fields of structural and mechanical engineering.

Control Of Welding Distortion In Thin Plate Fabrication

Author: Tom Gray
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099329
Size: 70.78 MB
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The intense temperature fields caused by heat sources in welding frequently lead to distortions and residual stresses in the finished product. Welding distortion is a particular problem in fabricating thin plate structures such as ships. Based on pioneering research by the authors, Control of Welding Distortion in Thin-Plate Fabrication reviews distortion test results from trials and shows how outcomes can be modeled computationally. The book provides readers with an understanding of distortion influences and the means to develop distortion-reducing strategies. The book is structured as an integrated treatment. It opens by reviewing the development of computational welding mechanics approaches to distortion. Following chapters describe the industrial context of stiffened plate fabrication and further chapters provide overviews of distortion mechanics and the modeling approach. A chapter on full-scale welding trials is followed by three chapters that develop modeling strategies through thermal process and thermo-mechanical simulations, based on finite-element analysis. Simplified models are a particular feature of these chapters. A final sequence of chapters explores the simulation of welding distortion in butt welding of thin plates and fillet welding of stiffened plate structures, and shows how these models can be used to optimize design and fabrication methods to control distortion. Control of Welding Distortion in Thin-Plate Fabrication is a comprehensive resource for metal fabricators, engineering companies, welders and welding companies, and practicing engineers and academics with an interest in welding mechanics. Allows practitioners in the field to minimize distortion during the welding of thin plates Provides computational tools that can give insight into the effects of welding and fabrication procedures Demonstrates how welding distortion in thin plate fabrications can be minimized through design

Minimization Of Welding Distortion And Buckling

Author: Pan Michaleris
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857092901
Size: 58.46 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Welding is a cost-effective and flexible method of fabricating large structures, but drawbacks such as residual stress, distortion and buckling must be overcome in order to optimize structural performance. Minimization of welding distortion and buckling provides a systematic overview of the methods of minimizing distortion and buckling in welded structures. Following an introductory chapter, part one focuses on understanding welding stress and distortion, with chapters on such topics as computational welding mechanics, modelling the effect of phase transformations on welding stress and distortion and using computationally efficient reduced-solution methods to understand welding distortion. Part two covers different methods of minimizing welding distortion. Chapters discuss methods such as differential heating for minimizing distortion in welded stiffeners, dynamic thermal tensioning, reverse-side heating and ways of minimizing buckling such as weld cooling and hybrid laser arc welding. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Minimization of welding distortion and buckling is an essential reference for all welders and engineers involved in fabrication of metal end-products, as well as those in industry and academia with a research interest in the area. Provides a systematic overview of the methods of minimizing distortion and buckling in welded structures Focuses on understanding welding stress and distortion featuring computational welding mechanics and modelling the effect of phase transformations Explores different methods of minimizing welding distortion discussing differential heating and dynamic thermal tensioning

Heat Effects Of Welding

Author: Dieter Radaj
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642486401
Size: 25.19 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Almost all welding technology depends upon the use of concentrated energy sources to fuse or soften the material locally at the joint, before such energy can be diffused or dispersed elsewhere. Although comprehensive treatments of transient heat flow as a controlling influence have been developed progressively and published over the past forty years, the task of uniting the results compactly within a textbook has become increasingly formidable. With the comparative scarcity of such works, welding engineers have been denied the full use of powerful design analysis tools. During the past decade Dr Radaj has prepared to fulfil this need, working from a rich experience as pioneer researcher and teacher, co-operator with Professor Argyris at Stuttgart University in developing the finite element method for stress analysis of aircraft and power plant structures, and more recently as expert consultant on these and automotive structures at Daimler Benz. His book appeared in 1988 in the German language, and this updated English language edition will significantly increase the availability of the work.