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El Soviet Caribe O

Author: César Reynel Aguilera
Publisher: EDICIONES B
ISBN: 9876278290
Size: 53.68 MB
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La verdadera historia de la Revolución Cubana a partir de las relaciones ocultas, y durante mucho tiempo subestimadas, entre los hermanos Castro y el Partido Comunista de Cuba, relatada por César Reynel Aguilera, hijo de dos reconocidos combatientes de la lucha clandestina contra la tiranía de Fulgencio Batista. El soviet caribeño describe la historia de la Revolución Cubana a partir de las relaciones ocultas, y durante mucho tiempo subestimadas, entre los hermanos Castro y el Partido Comunista de Cuba - Partido Socialista Popular (PCC-PSP). Para explicar esas relaciones, el autor se remonta a los orígenes del PCC-PSP y plantea, por primera vez en la historiografía cubana, la coexistencia de dos organizaciones paralelas: un partido político de corte tradicional y un núcleo central de inteligencia soviética (NCIS). A pesar de haber estado estrechamente relacionadas, esas dos organizaciones tuvieron, en marcadas ocasiones, objetivos que diferían radicalmente dentro del contexto cubano. Cada vez que eso sucedió se impuso, como una norma inviolable, la opinión del NCIS. A fines de la década de los 40, el Partido, dañado en su popularidad y capacidad de liderazgo a consecuencia de sus errores -entre los que resalta su fallida alianza con el tirano Batista entre 1938 y 1944-, pero extraordinariamente bien posicionado dentro de las estructuras políticas y militares del Estado cubano de la época, decidió utilizar a Fidel Castro como el caballo de Troya de los comunistas cubanos. Para que esa utilización pudiera llegar a buen término, era necesario mantener la relación entre comunistas y castristas en el más alto secreto. Es por eso que el vínculo entre Fidel Castro y el PCC-PSP nunca fue con el Partido como tal, sino con el NCIS. Esa dualidad explica, entre otras cosas, la aparente contradicción entre la proyección pública del Partido con respecto a Fidel Castro -en ocasiones crítica- y las acciones de un grupo relativamente reducido de hombres y mujeres que protegieron y asesoraron al castrismo desde sus inicios. Después del triunfo de la revolución, fue el NCIS el encargado de organizar la seguridad personal de los hermanos Castro y los servicios de inteligencia del castrismo. Eso le permitió penetrar los puestos más importantes de la maquinaria del poder castrista y empezar, desde enero de 1959, el llamado proceso de radicalización revolucionaria. No es casual, entonces, que los miembros del NCIS aparezcan involucrados, siempre desde las sombras y a distancia, en eventos de la Revolución cubana tan importantes como la crisis de octubre, el juicio de Marquitos, la muerte del Che Guevara, el inicio de las aventuras africanas del castrismo y, eventualmente, la guerra en Angola.

Military Disengagement And Democratic Consolidation In Post Military Regimes

Author: Andrew P. Miller
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 24.86 MB
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This book addresses the question of military disengagement from politics in states emerging from prolonged cycles of military intervention in politics. The case of El Salvador is particularly interesting, given the decades of repeated intervention by the Salvadoran military. These cycles of military intervention indicate that intervention in politics is seen by the military as part of its job.

Post Imperium

Author: Dmitri V. Trenin
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 087003345X
Size: 20.36 MB
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The war in Georgia. Tensions with Ukraine and other nearby countries. Moscow's bid to consolidate its "zone of privileged interests" among the Commonwealth of Independent States. These volatile situations all raise questions about the nature of and prospects for Russia's relations with its neighbors. In this book, Carnegie scholar Dmitri Trenin argues that Moscow needs to drop the notion of creating an exclusive power center out of the post-Soviet space. Like other former European empires, Russia will need to reinvent itself as a global player and as part of a wider community. Trenin's vision of Russia is an open Euro-Pacific country that is savvy in its use of soft power and fully reconciled with its former borderlands and dependents. He acknowledges that this scenario may sound too optimistic but warns that the alternative is not a new version of the historic empire but instead is the ultimate marginalization of Russia.

Sapiens

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062316109
Size: 22.88 MB
Format: PDF
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New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

2011 National Gang Threat Assessment

Author: Federal Bureau of Investigation
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1614481547
Size: 43.72 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Gangs continue to commit criminal activity, recruit new members in urban, suburban, and rural regions across the United States, and develop criminal associations that expand their influence over criminal enterprises, particularly street-level drug sales. The most notable trends for 2011 have been the overall increase in gang membership, and the expansion of criminal street gangs' control of street-level drug sales and collaboration with rival gangs and other criminal organizations.

Pacifism As Pathology

Author: Ward Churchill
Publisher: AK Press
ISBN: 9781904859185
Size: 68.82 MB
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A searing, well-reasoned challenge to the purely-pacifist resistance of many contemporary left movements.