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When The Letter Betrays The Spirit

Author: Tyson D. King-Meadows
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739149148
Size: 77.13 MB
Format: PDF
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When the Letter Betrays the Spirit examines the wide latitude provided to the executive branch and to the Supreme Court by the text of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Drawing from government enforcement data, legislative history, Supreme Court rulings, the 2006 reauthorization debate on the VRA, and from the 2007 scandal involving the firing of U.S. attorneys under the Bush Administration, the book examines when, why, and how executive and judicial discretion facilitates violation of voting rights. Connecting Johnson to Obama, the book outlines why the executive-centered model of voting rights enforcement relegates Congress to the sidelines, and outlines why a Congress-centered approach provides the best protection against the effects of the law enforcement axiom: the law is neither self-executing nor self-interpreting. The book also examines 2008 survey results about public support for a Jim Crow-era election reform policy that would require voters to read a passage of the Constitution. Describing the civic literacy dimensions of voting rights law from Shaw v. Reno (1993) to Northwest Austin Utility v. Holder (2009), the book highlights the complicated nature of the post-racial rhetoric surrounding the 2008 election cycle and surrounding the upcoming post-2010 census redistricting cycles.

When The Letter Betrays The Spirit

Author: Tyson King-Meadows
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739149121
Size: 43.18 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 4251
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Drawing from government data, legislative history, Supreme Court decisions, survey results, and the 2006 reauthorization debate, When the Letter Betrays the Spirit examines how executive and judicial discretion facilitates violations of the Voting Rights act. Connecting Johnson to Obama, the book challenges the executive-centered model of leadership and proffers a Congress-centered approach to protecting voting rights. This approach would both satisfy the goals of the black civil rights movement and give fuller support to the Fifteenth Amendment.

The African American Electorate

Author: Hanes Walton
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 1452234388
Size: 26.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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How have African Americans voted over time? What types of candidates and issues have been effective in drawing people to vote? These are just two of the questions that The African American Electorate: A Statistical History attempts to answer by bringing together all of the extant, fugitive and recently discovered registration data on African-American voters from Colonial America to the present. This pioneering work also traces the history of the laws dealing with enfranchisement and disenfranchisement of African Americans and provides the election return data for African-American candidates in national and sub-national elections over this same time span. Combining insightful narrative, tabular data, and original maps, The African American Electorate offers students and researchers the opportunity, for the first time, to explore the relationship between voters and political candidates, identify critical variables, and situate African Americans’ voting behavior and political phenomena in the context of America’s political history.

People Of Color In The United States Contemporary Issues In Education Work Communities Health And Immigration 4 Volumes

Author: Kofi Lomotey
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 161069855X
Size: 10.55 MB
Format: PDF
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This expansive, four-volume ready-reference work offers critical coverage of contemporary issues that impact people of color in the United States, ranging from education and employment to health and wellness and immigration. • Offers comprehensive coverage of contemporary issues for people of color in the United States that meets the needs of secondary librarians, teachers, and students for a variety of classes and standards • Presents A–Z entries within four broad themes that explore the social and economic issues that will support readers' understanding of the experiences of people of color in the United States • Includes debate essays highlighting a variety of viewpoints on key issues from scholars that provide readers with models of critical thinking • Contains up-to-date information appropriate for classes on history, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, urbanization, immigration and industrialization, and contemporary American society

Paths Out Of Dixie

Author: Robert Mickey
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400838789
Size: 14.75 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The transformation of the American South--from authoritarian to democratic rule--is the most important political development since World War II. It has re-sorted voters into parties, remapped presidential elections, and helped polarize Congress. Most important, it is the final step in America's democratization. Paths Out of Dixie illuminates this sea change by analyzing the democratization experiences of Georgia, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Robert Mickey argues that Southern states, from the 1890s until the early 1970s, constituted pockets of authoritarian rule trapped within and sustained by a federal democracy. These enclaves--devoted to cheap agricultural labor and white supremacy--were established by conservative Democrats to protect their careers and clients. From the abolition of the whites-only Democratic primary in 1944 until the national party reforms of the early 1970s, enclaves were battered and destroyed by a series of democratization pressures from inside and outside their borders. Drawing on archival research, Mickey traces how Deep South rulers--dissimilar in their internal conflict and political institutions--varied in their responses to these challenges. Ultimately, enclaves differed in their degree of violence, incorporation of African Americans, and reconciliation of Democrats with the national party. These diverse paths generated political and economic legacies that continue to reverberate today. Focusing on enclave rulers, their governance challenges, and the monumental achievements of their adversaries, Paths Out of Dixie shows how the struggles of the recent past have reshaped the South and, in so doing, America's political development.

Historical Dictionary Of The Kennedy Johnson Era

Author: Richard Dean Burns
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442237929
Size: 14.44 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Kennedy-Johnson Era covers its history through a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about John F. Kennedy.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Size: 61.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Der Unsichtbare Mann

Author: Ralph Ellison
Publisher: Aufbau Digital
ISBN: 3841216978
Size: 25.16 MB
Format: PDF
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„Einer der bedeutendsten Autoren der amerikanischen Nachkriegsliteratur.“ Paul Ingendaay, F.A.Z. Ralph Ellison ist neben Toni Morrison und James Baldwin eine der großen Stimmen des afroamerikanischen Romans der Gegenwart. Sein Meisterwerk zeugt von künstlerischer Kraft und ist hochaktuell – als schonungslose Abrechnung mit den alltäglichen rassistischen Ideologien und Verhaltensweisen und als Lob auf das gewachsene Selbstbewusstsein der noch immer um ihre selbstverständlichen Rechte Kämpfenden: Der namenlose Ich-Erzähler verliert sein Stipendium, weil er einem Förderer des von Weißen eingerichteten Südstaaten-Colleges für Schwarze nicht die gewünschte Kulisse, sondern die Realität der Farbigen vor Augen führt. Er muss sein Glück dort suchen, wo es Arbeit gibt, und landet in Harlem, einem brodelnden Hexenkessel, inmitten von schwarzem Glamour und Blue Notes, Swing und Spirituals, politischen Aufwieglern, gerissenen Gaunern und verlorenen Spinnern.