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Which Policy For Europe

Author: Miriam Hartlapp
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191511900
Size: 72.34 MB
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The European Commission is at the center of the European Union's political system. Within its five-year terms each Commission proposes up to 2000 binding legal acts and therefore crucially shapes EU policy, which in turn impacts on the daily lives of more than 500 million European citizens. However, despite the Commissions key role in setting the agenda for European decision making, little is known about its internal dynamics when preparing legislation. This book provides a problem-driven, theoretically-founded, and empirically rich treatment of the so far still understudied process of position-formation inside the European Commission. It reveals that various internal political positions prevail and that the role of power and conflict inside the European Commission is essential to understanding its policy proposals. Opening the 'black box' of the Commission, the book identifies three ideal types of internal position-formation. The Commission is motivated by technocratic problem-solving, by competence-seeking utility maximization or ideologically-motivated policyseeking. Specifying conditions that favor one logic over the others, the typology furthers understanding of how the EU system functions and provides novel explanations of EU policies with substantial societal implications.

The European Commission And Europe S Democratic Process

Author: Stuart A. Brown
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137505605
Size: 44.63 MB
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This book examines the multitude of challenges which the European Commission faces: once the centre of political gravity in Europe’s integration process, the growth of Euroscepticism and the emergence of new institutional rivals threaten to undermine its status as an institution. Tracing the roots of the Commission’s decline from the early 1990s through to the Eurozone and refugee crises, Stuart A Brown draws on new evidence to illustrate why the EU’s executive now faces a battle for its future, and asks whether in the reforms of Jean-Claude Juncker the Commission may be facing its last chance. This study will appeal to students and scholars in EU institutions, politics, and public policy.

The European Commission Expert Groups And The Policy Process

Author: Julia Metz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137437235
Size: 16.28 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book challenges the assumption that policy makers' work with advisory committees is emblematic of technocratic governance. Analyzing how and why the European Commission uses expert groups in the policy process, it shows that experts not only solve technical problems, but also function as political devices and negotiators in modern governance.

European Union Politics

Author: Michelle Cini
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198708939
Size: 54.76 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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European Union Politics is the most complete, current, issues-led textbook on the European Union. Written by an expert team of contributors, it fully equips students to understand the European Union and the topical debates and issues which surround it. Alongside comprehensive coverage of the history, theory, institutions, and policies of the EU, the book features a whole section on contemporary issues and current debates, including democracy and legitimacy in the EU, public opinion, the economic crisis, and a brand new chapter on the future of theEU, which is written by a leading expert in the subject. The accessible and wide-ranging nature of this text makes it the ideal starting point for all those wishing to fully understand the workings of this ever-evolving subject. Helpful learning features throughout the text, including key points, questions, and examples, support students' learning, and the book is fully supported by an extensive Online Resource Centre designed to help students take their learning further. For students: * Test your knowledge of the chapters and receive instant feedback with online multiple choice questions.* Take your learning further with relevant web links to reliable online content and links to OUP journal articles.* Revise key terms and concepts from the text with a digital flashcard glossary.* Prepare effectively for assessments with help from the online revision guide.* Expand your knowledge of the EU's member states with an interactive map of Europe.* Remind yourself of key actors in the EU with short biographies of important figures in its history. For registered lecturers * Reinforce key themes from each chapter with suggested seminar and essay questions.* Use the adaptable PowerPoint slides as the basis for lecture presentations or as hand-outs in class.* Encourage students to participate in active learning with examples of simulation exercises.

Die Entzauberung Partizipativer Demokratie

Author: Beate Kohler-Koch
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593392933
Size: 22.34 MB
Format: PDF
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Die partizipative Demokratie, also das Regieren gemeinsam mit der Zivilgesellschaft, ist ein Kernpunkt der europäischen Verfassung. Die Autorinnen untersuchen diesen Anspruch auf Bürgernähe empirisch, analysieren, auf welche Weise die zivilgesellschaftliche Einbindung tatsächlich erfolgt, und prüfen, inwieweit die politische Praxis das Qualitätsmerkmal "partizipative Demokratie" verdient.

Text Mining In Den Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Matthias Lemke
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658072245
Size: 33.31 MB
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Die Analyse von Sprache ermöglicht Rückschlüsse auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Im Zeitalter digitaler Massenmedien liegt Sprache als maschinenlesbarer Text in einer Menge vor, die ohne Hilfsmittel nicht mehr angemessen zu bewältigen ist. Die maschinelle Auswertung von Textdaten kann in den Sozialwissenschaften, die Text bislang in der Regel qualitativ und weniger quantitativ, also sprachstatistisch, analysieren, wertvolle neue Erkenntnisse liefern. Vor diesem Hintergrund führt der Band in die Verwendung von Text Mining in den Sozialwissenschaften ein. Anhand exemplarischer Analysen eines Korpus von 3,5 Millionen Zeitungsartikeln zeigt er für konkrete Forschungsfragen, wie Text Mining angewandt werden kann.

Small States Inside And Outside The European Union

Author: Laurent Goetschel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792382805
Size: 61.74 MB
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Small States in and outside the European Union offers a broad overview of the small states problematic in Europe. It touches upon definition issues, history, security policy, neutrality, EU institutional aspects and also includes contributors from Central and Eastern European countries. It presents a thorough analysis of different scenarios for EU institutional reform and their repercussions on the influence of small member states. The comparative results are visualized in tables. The work contains several contributions from practitioners who give insight into policy games and issues of national sensitivity not usually covered by purely scholarly publications. The European environment has changed dramatically through the processes of regional integration and rising interdependence. Relations between European states both inside and outside the EU are governed as never before by rules, norms, and fixed procedures. The book investigates the consequences of these developments on the foreign and security policy of small states. Academics and professionals from Austria, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Sweden, and Switzerland, as well as from the European Commission and the Council of Ministers, elaborate on these issues. Institutional regulations and traditional power politics as well as the foreign and security policy traditions of the states concerned, including the question of neutrality, are investigated. In addition, the book identifies the main interests of small states in today's Europe and offers an overview of different strategies these states apply in the realm of foreign and security policy. The book is interesting for the case studies it offers as well as for the reflections it contains regarding fundamental questions of the essence of statehood in today's Europe.

Krise Der Europ Ischen Vergesellschaftung

Author: Martin Heidenreich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658039256
Size: 57.50 MB
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Die europäische Integration führte insbesondere seit den 1990er Jahren zu einer grundlegenden Transformation der sozialen Beziehungen und der Lebenssituation der Menschen in Europa. Während sich das Leben der Menschen in der Nachkriegszeit vorrangig im Rahmen von Nationalstaaten abspielte, geht die Öffnung nationalstaatlicher Räume mit einer zunehmenden grenzüberschreitenden Verflechtung und einer stärkeren transnationalen Integration sozialer Interaktionen, Einstellungen und Deutungen einher. Nicht nur Politik und Wirtschaft, sondern auch die europäischen Gesellschaften sind in den letzten Jahrzehnten sehr eng zusammengewachsen. Dieses transnationale Vergesellschaftungsmuster ist eine der Ursachen für die spezifische Form der Finanzmarkt- und Währungskrise, die Europa seit 2008 erschüttert. In diesem Sammelband präsentieren 12 der profiliertesten Europaforscher aus dem In- und Ausland ihre aktuellen Arbeiten zur Krise innerhalb Europas und entwickeln dabei eigenständige soziologische Perspektiven.

Modelle Des Parlamentarismus Im 21 Jahrhundert

Author: Claudio Franzius
ISBN: 9783848726271
Size: 58.74 MB
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Which role parliaments will fulfill in the 21st century is hard to foretell. Compared to parliamentarism in the nation state, European parliamentarism seems almost necessarily deficient when focusing on the European Parliament only. What is still missing is an orginal, a truly European concept of parliamentarism that is neither construed analogously to the nation state model in the sense of a traditional parliamentary government system, nor a diluted international form of parliamentarism. This volume tackles such questions as: How is the European Parliament positioned within the overall institutional structure of the EU and how do national parliaments deal with supranational challenges? But it is also concerned with the question of cross-level models of parliamentarism.