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Wicked Problems Social Messes

Author: Tom Ritchey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642196539
Size: 15.95 MB
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This is the first dedicated book to be published on computer-aided General Morphological Analysis (GMA) as a non-quantified modelling method. It presents the history and theory of GMA and describes how it is used to develop interactive, non-quantified inference models. Eleven case studies are presented out of more than 100 projects carried out since 1995, illustrating how GMA has been employed for structuring complex policy and planning issues, developing scenario and strategy laboratories, and analysing organisational and stakeholder structures. Also discussed are the concepts of “wicked problems” and “social messes”, their characteristics and treatment, and problems concerning the facilitation of morphological analysis workshops.

Software Business Towards Continuous Value Delivery

Author: Casper Lassenius
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331908738X
Size: 31.85 MB
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This book contains the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Software Business (ICSOB) held in Paphos, Cyprus, in June 2014. The theme of the event was "Shortening the Time to Market: From Short Cycle Times to Continuous Value Delivery." The 18 full papers, two short papers, two industrial papers, and two doctoral consortium abstracts accepted for ICSOB were selected from 45 submissions and are organized in sections on: strategic aspects, start-ups and software business, products and service business, software development, ecosystems, and platforms and enterprises.

Computer Aided Architectural Design Future Trajectories

Author: Gülen Çağdaş
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811051976
Size: 48.11 MB
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This book constitutes selected papers of the 17th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures, CAAD Futures 2017, held in Istanbul, Turkey, in July 2017. The 22 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on modeling urban design; support systems for design decisions; studying design behavior in digital environments; materials, fabrication, computation; shape studies.

Leading Public Design

Author: Bason, Christian
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1447325605
Size: 45.85 MB
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This powerful new book provides a clear framework for understanding and learning an emerging management practice, leading public design. Drawing on more than a decade of work on public sector innovation, Christian Bason uses his extensive practical experience and research conducted among public managers in the UK, the US, Australia, Finland and Denmark to explore how public organisations can be redesigned from the outside in, shaping policies and services that are truly experienced as useful and meaningful to citizens, and which leverage all of society’s resources to co-produce better outcomes. Through detailed case studies, the book presents six management practices which leaders in government can use to involve citizens, staff and other stakeholders in innovation processes. It shows how managers can challenge their own assumptions, leverage empathy with citizens, handle divergence, navigate unknown territory, experiment and rehearse future solutions through prototyping, and create more public value. Ultimately, Leading public design provides a pathway to a new and different way of governing public institutions: human-centred governance. As a more relational, networked, interactive and reflective approach to running organisations, this emerging governance model promises a more human yet effective public sector.

Policy Practice And Digital Science

Author: Marijn Janssen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319127845
Size: 43.17 MB
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The explosive growth in data, computational power, and social media creates new opportunities for innovating the processes and solutions of Information and communications technology (ICT) based policy-making and research. To take advantage of these developments in the digital world, new approaches, concepts, instruments and methods are needed to navigate the societal and computational complexity. This requires extensive interdisciplinary knowledge of public administration, policy analyses, information systems, complex systems and computer science. This book provides the foundation for this new interdisciplinary field, in which various traditional disciplines are blending. Both policy makers, executors and those in charge of policy implementations acknowledge that ICT is becoming more important and is changing the policy-making process, resulting in a next generation policy-making based on ICT support. Web 2.0 and even Web 3.0 point to the specific applications of social networks, semantically enriched and linked data, whereas policy-making has also to do with the use of the vast amount of data, predictions and forecasts, and improving the outcomes of policy-making, which is confronted with an increasing complexity and uncertainty of the outcomes. The field of policy-making is changing and driven by developments like open data, computational methods for processing data, opining mining, simulation and visualization of rich data sets, all combined with public engagement, social media and participatory tools.

The Sciences Of The Artificial

Author: Herbert Alexander Simon
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN:
Size: 28.69 MB
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The Sciences of the Artificial reveals the design of an intellectual structure aimed at accommodating those empirical phenomena that are "artificial" rather than "natural." The goal is to show how empirical sciences of artificial systems are possible, even in the face of the contingent and teleological character of the phenomena, their attributes of choice and purpose. Developing in some detail two specific examples—human psychology and engineering design—Professor Simon describes the shape of these sciences as they are emerging from developments of the past 25 years. "Artificial" is used here in a very specific sense: to denote systems that have a given form and behavior only because they adapt (or are adapted), in reference to goals or purposes, to their environment. Thus, both man-made artifacts and man himself, in terms of his behavior, are artificial. Simon characterizes an artificial system as an interface between two environments—inner and outer. These environments lie in the province of "natural science," but the interface, linking them, is the realm of "artificial science." When an artificial system adapts successfully, its behavior shows mostly the shape of the outer environment and reveals little of the structure or mechanisms of the inner. The inner environment becomes significant for behavior only when a system reaches the limits of its rationality and adaptability, and contingency degenerates into necessity.

Ict Critical Infrastructures And Society

Author: Magda David Hercheui
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364233332X
Size: 48.18 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th IFIP TC 9 International Conference on Human Choice and Computers, HCC10 2012, held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in September 2012. The 37 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the volume. The papers are organized in topical sections on national and international policies, sustainable and responsible innovation, ICT for peace and war, and citizens' involvement, citizens' rights and ICT.

Sensemaking

Author: David T. Moore
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9781937877002
Size: 72.22 MB
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In Sensemaking, David Moore advocates for a paradigm shift to improve analysis among intelligence practitioners, as well as intelligence collaboration with decision makers.