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Wombs With A View

Author: Lawrence D. Longo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319235672
Size: 27.97 MB
Format: PDF
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The volume provides an archive of some of the most beautiful illustrations ever made of the gravid uterus with fetus and placenta, which will serve future generations of investigators, educators, and students of reproduction. The approximately two hundred figures from over one hundred volumes included are from the late fifteenth through the nineteenth century. For each author whose work is depicted in this volume, we have used the first edition or first illustrated edition. In the commentary, each volume and illustration is placed in its historical perspective, noting both the significance of that image, but also some background on the life and work of the author. For most of the works cited, there are additional references for the reader who may wish to explore these in greater depth. This volume is a unique collection not only of these historical images, but also their place in the development of scientific study.

The Subtle Knot

Author: Lianne Habinek
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773554300
Size: 44.79 MB
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In the early modern period, poetic form underpinned and influenced scientific progress. The language and imagery of seventeenth-century writers and natural philosophers reveal how the age-old struggle between body and soul led to the brain’s emergence as a curiosity in its own right. Investigating the intersection of the humanities and sciences in the works of authors ranging from William Shakespeare and John Donne to William Harvey, Margaret Cavendish, and Johann Remmelin, Lianne Habinek tells how early modernity came to view the brain not simply as grey matter but as a wealth of other wondrous possibilities – a book in which to read the soul’s writing, a black box to be violently unlocked, a womb to nourish intellectual conception, a creative engine, a subtle knot that traps the soul and thereby makes us human. For seventeenth-century thinkers, she argues, these comparisons were not simply casual metaphors but integral to early ideas about brain function. Demonstrating how the disparate fields of neuroscientific history and literary studies converged, The Subtle Knot tells the story of how the mind came to be identified with the brain.

Monster Und Kapitalismus

Author: Till Breyer
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839438101
Size: 15.81 MB
Format: PDF
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Die Zeitschrift für Kulturwissenschaften dient als kritisches Medium für Diskussionen über »Kultur«, die Kulturwissenschaften und deren methodische Verfahren. Ausgehend vom internationalen Stand der Forschung sollen kulturelle Phänomene gleichermaßen empirisch konzis wie theoretisch avanciert betrachtet werden. Auch jüngste Wechselwirkungen von Human- und Naturwissenschaften werden reflektiert. Diese Ausgabe spürt der monströsen Ikonographie des Kapitalismus nach. Die Beiträge untersuchen ihre Geschichte und die Szenarien ihrer Darstellung ebenso wie ihre diskursiven und ideologischen Funktionen. Dabei werden Monster als Problemfiguren lesbar, anhand derer sich die Lebens- und Wissensformen kapitalistischer Verhältnisse befragen lassen. Der Debattenteil lotet das politische Potential der aktuellen Kulturwissenschaften aus und stellt die Frage nach einem »socio-political turn«.

The Flaming Womb

Author: Barbara Watson Andaya
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824829557
Size: 34.10 MB
Format: PDF
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The Princess of the Flaming Womb, the Javanese legend that introduces this pioneering study, symbolizes the many ambiguities attached to femaleness in Southeast Asian societies. Yet, despite these ambiguities, the relatively egalitarian nature of male-female relations in Southeast Asia is central to arguments claiming a coherent identity for the region. This challenging work by senior scholar Barbara Watson Andaya considers such contradictions while offering a thought-provoking view of Southeast Asian history that focuses on women's roles and perceptions. Andaya explores the broad themes of the early modern era (1500-1800) - the introduction of new religions, major economic shifts, changing patterns of state control, the impact of elite lifestyles and behaviors - drawing on an extraordinary range of sources and citing numerous examples from Thai, Vietnamese, Burmese, Philippine, and Malay societies.

Making Sex

Author: Thomas Walter Laqueur
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674543553
Size: 48.62 MB
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History of sex in the West from the ancients to the moderns by describing the developments in reproductive anatomy and physiology.

Ephemeral Bodies

Author: Roberta Panzanelli
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 9780892368778
Size: 60.14 MB
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The material history of wax is a history of disappearance--wax melts, liquefies, evaporates, and undergoes innumerable mutations. Wax is tactile, ambiguous, and mesmerizing, confounding viewers and scholars alike. It can approximate flesh with astonishing realism and has been used to create uncanny human simulacra since ancient times--from phallic amulets offered to heal distressing conditions and life-size votive images crammed inside candlelit churches by the faithful, to exquisitely detailed anatomical specimens used for training doctors and Medardo Rosso's "melting" portraits. The critical history of wax, however, is fraught with gaps and controversies. After Giorgio Vasari, the subject of wax sculpture was abandoned by art historians; in the twentieth century it once again sparked intellectual interest, only soon to vanish. The authors of the eight essays in Ephemeral Bodies--including the first English translation of Julius von Schlosser's seminal "History of Portraiture in Wax" (1910-11)--break new ground as they explore wax reproductions of the body or body parts and assess their conceptual ambiguity, material impermanence, and implications for the history of Western art.

Leonardo Da Vinci

Author: Martin Clayton
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 9781606060209
Size: 28.83 MB
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Reproduces Leonardo's "Anatomical Manuscript A," created in the winter of 1510-1511, with notes in his characteristic mirror writing, as well as the same pages with the text in English translation, and discusses its background and accuracy.

Medieval And Early Renaissance Medicine

Author: Nancy G. Siraisi
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226761312
Size: 59.63 MB
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Western Europe supported a highly developed and diverse medical community in the late medieval and early Renaissance periods. In her absorbing history of this complex era in medicine, Siraisi explores the inner workings of the medical community and illustrates the connections of medicine to both natural philosophy and technical skills.

More Harm Than Good

Author: Edzard Ernst
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319699415
Size: 37.88 MB
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This book reveals the numerous ways in which moral, ethical and legal principles are being violated by those who provide, recommend or sell ‘complementary and alternative medicine’ (CAM). The book analyses both academic literature and internet sources that promote CAM. Additionally the book presents a number of brief scenarios, both hypothetical and real-life, about individuals who use CAM or who fall prey to ethically dubious CAM practitioners. The events and conundrums described in these scenarios could happen to almost anyone. Professor emeritus of complementary medicine Edzard Ernst together with bioethicist Kevin Smith provide a thorough and authoritative ethical analysis of a range of CAM modalities, including acupuncture, chiropractic, herbalism, and homeopathy. This book could and should interest all medical professionals who have contact to complementary medicine and will be an invaluable reference for patients deliberating which course of treatment to adopt.

The Rise Of Fetal And Neonatal Physiology

Author: Lawrence D. Longo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461479215
Size: 38.64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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During the mid- to late-twentieth century, study of the physiology of the developing fetus and newborn infant evolved rapidly to become a major discipline in the biomedical sciences. Initially of interest from a standpoint of function of the placenta and oxygenation of the fetus, the field advanced to explore both normal functional mechanisms as well as pathophysiologic aspects of their regulation. Examples include studying the role and regulation of circulatory vascular anatomic shunts in oxygenation, cardiac function, certain aspects of asphyxia in the fetus and newborn infant, the role of fetal “breathing” movements, cyclic electroencephalographic activity, and analysis of electronic monitoring of fetal heart rate variability and its significance. Included in this book are reminisces of several dozen individuals who played a vital role in these developments. Overall, this survey considers a number of aspects of the development of the science of fetal and neonatal physiology, and its role in the greatly improved care of pregnant women and their newborn infants. This book is published on behalf of the American Physiological Society by Springer. Access to APS books published with Springer is free to APS members.