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Wombs With A View

Author: Lawrence D. Longo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319235672
Size: 34.86 MB
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The volume provides an archive of some of the most beautiful illustrations ever made of the gravid uterus with fetus and placenta, which will serve future generations of investigators, educators, and students of reproduction. The approximately two hundred figures from over one hundred volumes included are from the late fifteenth through the nineteenth century. For each author whose work is depicted in this volume, we have used the first edition or first illustrated edition. In the commentary, each volume and illustration is placed in its historical perspective, noting both the significance of that image, but also some background on the life and work of the author. For most of the works cited, there are additional references for the reader who may wish to explore these in greater depth. This volume is a unique collection not only of these historical images, but also their place in the development of scientific study.

The Subtle Knot

Author: Lianne Habinek
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773554300
Size: 16.60 MB
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In the early modern period, poetic form underpinned and influenced scientific progress. The language and imagery of seventeenth-century writers and natural philosophers reveal how the age-old struggle between body and soul led to the brain’s emergence as a curiosity in its own right. Investigating the intersection of the humanities and sciences in the works of authors ranging from William Shakespeare and John Donne to William Harvey, Margaret Cavendish, and Johann Remmelin, Lianne Habinek tells how early modernity came to view the brain not simply as grey matter but as a wealth of other wondrous possibilities – a book in which to read the soul’s writing, a black box to be violently unlocked, a womb to nourish intellectual conception, a creative engine, a subtle knot that traps the soul and thereby makes us human. For seventeenth-century thinkers, she argues, these comparisons were not simply casual metaphors but integral to early ideas about brain function. Demonstrating how the disparate fields of neuroscientific history and literary studies converged, The Subtle Knot tells the story of how the mind came to be identified with the brain.

Monster Und Kapitalismus

Author: Till Breyer
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839438101
Size: 30.16 MB
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Die Zeitschrift für Kulturwissenschaften dient als kritisches Medium für Diskussionen über »Kultur«, die Kulturwissenschaften und deren methodische Verfahren. Ausgehend vom internationalen Stand der Forschung sollen kulturelle Phänomene gleichermaßen empirisch konzis wie theoretisch avanciert betrachtet werden. Auch jüngste Wechselwirkungen von Human- und Naturwissenschaften werden reflektiert. Diese Ausgabe spürt der monströsen Ikonographie des Kapitalismus nach. Die Beiträge untersuchen ihre Geschichte und die Szenarien ihrer Darstellung ebenso wie ihre diskursiven und ideologischen Funktionen. Dabei werden Monster als Problemfiguren lesbar, anhand derer sich die Lebens- und Wissensformen kapitalistischer Verhältnisse befragen lassen. Der Debattenteil lotet das politische Potential der aktuellen Kulturwissenschaften aus und stellt die Frage nach einem »socio-political turn«.

Making Sex

Author: Thomas Walter Laqueur
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674543553
Size: 39.67 MB
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History of sex in the West from the ancients to the moderns by describing the developments in reproductive anatomy and physiology.

The Flaming Womb

Author: Barbara Watson Andaya
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824829557
Size: 32.17 MB
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The Princess of the Flaming Womb, the Javanese legend that introduces this pioneering study, symbolizes the many ambiguities attached to femaleness in Southeast Asian societies. Yet, despite these ambiguities, the relatively egalitarian nature of male-female relations in Southeast Asia is central to arguments claiming a coherent identity for the region. This challenging work by senior scholar Barbara Watson Andaya considers such contradictions while offering a thought-provoking view of Southeast Asian history that focuses on women's roles and perceptions. Andaya explores the broad themes of the early modern era (1500-1800) - the introduction of new religions, major economic shifts, changing patterns of state control, the impact of elite lifestyles and behaviors - drawing on an extraordinary range of sources and citing numerous examples from Thai, Vietnamese, Burmese, Philippine, and Malay societies.

Medieval And Early Renaissance Medicine

Author: Nancy G. Siraisi
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226761312
Size: 37.14 MB
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Western Europe supported a highly developed and diverse medical community in the late medieval and early Renaissance periods. In her absorbing history of this complex era in medicine, Siraisi explores the inner workings of the medical community and illustrates the connections of medicine to both natural philosophy and technical skills.

Homeless Wanderers

Author: Sally Swartz
Publisher: Juta and Company (Pty) Ltd
ISBN: 1775820823
Size: 44.24 MB
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Lunatic asylums in the colonies in the nineteenth century mirrored those of ‘home’, in Britain. But in a European settler context, the administration and policies of the asylums, and the treatment of their patients, took on many different nuances. There was a complex interface between lunacy legislation, colonial government, families and communities, and the ways in which these elements affected individuals’ experiences of treatment before and after committal to a lunatic asylum. This book breaks new ground in tracing the route of people thought to be ‘of unsound mind’ from their homes and families to eventual committal to a lunatic asylum in the Cape Colony in the late nineteenth century. A major theme which links each chapter is the movement of the insane in search of care: in and out of jails, asylums and families; in and out of the colony by land or sea; and their journeys by ship, cart, train or horse. The management of the insane in the Cape Colony, and the legal and medical institutions with primary responsibility for delivering humane care to this intensely vulnerable group, give a unique perspective on the workings of colonialism itself.

A History Of Embryology

Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107475546
Size: 62.49 MB
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First published in 1959, this book describes the Western history of embryology from prehistoric concepts of foetal growth to the close of the eighteenth century.

Vaccines Are They Worth A Shot

Author: Andrea Grignolio
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319681060
Size: 57.29 MB
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The dangerous decline in vaccinations in many developed countries is at the heart of a lively debate that confirms how important the subject is today. Vaccinations are among mankind’s most important scientific discoveries, yet they continue to be viewed with suspicion by part of the public – the victims of disinformation campaigns, instrumentalization and unfounded fears. There is, however, also an evolutionary explanation for these irrational beliefs, and countering the growing social opposition will be extremely difficult without grasping it. This book, which sheds new light on the safety and importance of vaccinations, is intended both for parents and those readers who want to understand the role of vaccinations in contemporary society, where the ease of access to knowledge is both a great opportunity and a great responsibility. The chapters follow a historical progression and conclude with a discussion of the most recent cognitive theories on how to overcome this opposition to vaccinations.

Ephemeral Bodies

Author: Roberta Panzanelli
Publisher: Getty Publications
ISBN: 9780892368778
Size: 16.40 MB
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The material history of wax is a history of disappearance--wax melts, liquefies, evaporates, and undergoes innumerable mutations. Wax is tactile, ambiguous, and mesmerizing, confounding viewers and scholars alike. It can approximate flesh with astonishing realism and has been used to create uncanny human simulacra since ancient times--from phallic amulets offered to heal distressing conditions and life-size votive images crammed inside candlelit churches by the faithful, to exquisitely detailed anatomical specimens used for training doctors and Medardo Rosso's "melting" portraits. The critical history of wax, however, is fraught with gaps and controversies. After Giorgio Vasari, the subject of wax sculpture was abandoned by art historians; in the twentieth century it once again sparked intellectual interest, only soon to vanish. The authors of the eight essays in Ephemeral Bodies--including the first English translation of Julius von Schlosser's seminal "History of Portraiture in Wax" (1910-11)--break new ground as they explore wax reproductions of the body or body parts and assess their conceptual ambiguity, material impermanence, and implications for the history of Western art.