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Women In The War Zone

Author: Anne Powell
Publisher: History PressLtd
Size: 13.23 MB
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British female doctors and nurses who served abroad during the First World War

Wissen Schaffen

Author: Claudia Opitz-Belakhal
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3847008242
Size: 24.22 MB
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Die Beiträge im vorliegenden Heft knüpfen einerseits an die lange Tradition feministischer Wissenschaftsgeschichte und -kritik an und versuchen andererseits, neue wissens- und wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Impulse zu berücksichtigen. Die Themen reichen vom Generieren, Sammeln und Verbreiten von Wissen über Natur (vor allem Pflanzen), Körper und Medizin in der Frühen Neuzeit bis zur Zeitgeschichte der Genetik und zur Frühphase der Frauenforschung in den Sozialwissenschaften. Dabei werden verschiedene Personen und Personengruppen und deren Praktiken der Wissensproduktion und -nutzung fokussiert, wobei insbesondere das Konzept der „scientific persona“ in Hinblick auf weibliche Forschende genauer ausgeleuchtet wird. Aus dem Inhalt: Marianne van Herwerden’s travel letters from the US, 1920 / Anfänge empirischer Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung in der sozialen Arbeit zur Zeit der Weimarer Republik / „Frauenzimmerbotaniken“ und botanisches Wissen um 1800 / Die Sammlung und Systematisierung des frühneuzeitlichen Klitoriswissens im Werk des Basler Anatomen Caspar Bauhin / British Scientific Women in Europe during World War One / Im Gespräch mit Londa Schiebinger. The essays in this present issue are concerned with a long tradition of feministic scientific history and scientific critique and try to consider new educational and scientific historical points. The subjects vary from generating, collecting and spreading knowledge concerning nature, most of all plants, body and medicine in the early modern age and contemporary genetics and the early stages of women's studies in social sciences. Here, different people and groups and their practices of knowledge production and usage are being focused, especially focusing on the concept of the “scientific persona” in regard to female scientists. Content: Marianne van Herwerden’s travel letters from the US, 1920 / Anfänge empirischer Frauenund Geschlechterforschung in der sozialen Arbeit zur Zeit der Weimarer Republik (The beginnings of empirical women and gender studies in social sciences during the Weimar Republic) / „Frauenzimmerbotaniken“ und botanisches Wissen um 1800 (Female botanics and botanic knowledge around 1800) / Die Sammlung und Systematisierung des frühneuzeitlichen Klitoriswissens im Werk des Basler Anatomen Caspar Bauhin (The collection and systematisation of early modern knowledge of clitoris in the work of the Basel anatomist Caspar Bauhin) / British Scientific Women in Europe during World War One / An interview with Londa Schiebinger.


Author: Andreas Thier
Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
ISBN: 3728136379
Size: 28.74 MB
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Im Jahr 2014 waren es einhundert Jahre, seit der Erste Weltkrieg zum Ausbruch kam und tiefe Spuren in Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft, Politik und Kultur hinterließ. Bis heute steht „1914“ für ein Geschehen, das in der Vielschichtigkeit seiner Abläufe und Konsequenzen nur schwer zu erfassen ist. Dem entspricht das breite thematische Spektrum dieses Bandes. In seinen Beiträgen rücken die politischen Ursachen und weltgeschichtlichen Konsequenzen des Ersten Weltkriegs ebenso in den Blick wie die Auswirkungen der Kriegsgeschehnisse auf die Medizin, das Recht, die Theologie, die Wirtschaft und die Kultur des Politischen. Gefragt wird aber auch nach Veränderungen im Rollenverständnis der Frau und nach der Bedeutung der kriegerischen Gewalterfahrung. So entsteht ein Querschnitt der Perspektiven und Überlegungen, die in der gegenwärtigen Diskussion um den Ersten Weltkrieg wesentlich geworden sind.

Medical Services In The First World War

Author: Susan Cohen
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 0747814813
Size: 43.30 MB
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The number of wounded in the First World War was unprecedented, and inadequate military planning presented the medical and voluntary community with huge and daunting challenges. Yet in the face of tremendous adversity both tackled their work with resourcefulness, courage and great humanity. This book is the illustrated story of those who risked their lives collecting casualties from the front line, of the various transport and treatment facilities at their disposal and of the eclectic mix of buildings in which the wounded were cared for at home, including many famous country houses. The vital part played by nurses, both in terms of essential medical duties and in boosting morale among the patients, is also examined, rounding off this perfect introduction to medical care in the First World War. Susan Cohen is an historian with a special interest in twentieth century British social history and refugee studies. She has lectured widely on a variety of subjects and published numerous books, including The District Nurse, The Women's Institute, The Scouts and The Salvation Army for Shire.

The Oxford Illustrated History Of The First World War

Author: Hew Strachan
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191640417
Size: 40.12 MB
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The First World War, now a century ago, still shapes the world in which we live, and its legacy lives on, in poetry, in prose, in collective memory and political culture. By the time the war ended in 1918, millions lay dead. Three major empires lay shattered by defeat, those of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottomans. A fourth, Russia, was in the throes of a revolution that helped define the rest of the twentieth century. The Oxford History of the First World War brings together in one volume many of the most distinguished historians of the conflict, in an account that matches the scale of the events. From its causes to its consequences, from the Western Front to the Eastern, from the strategy of the politicians to the tactics of the generals, they chart the course of the war and assess its profound political and human consequences. Chapters on economic mobilization, the impact on women, the role of propaganda, and the rise of socialism establish the wider context of the fighting at sea and in the air, and which ranged on land from the trenches of Flanders to the mountains of the Balkans and the deserts of the Middle East. First published for the 90th anniversary of the 1918 Armistice, this highly illustrated revised edition contains significant new material to mark the 100th anniversary of the war's outbreak.

Edinburgh Companion To Twentieth Century British And American War Literature

Author: Adam Piette
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748653937
Size: 30.23 MB
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The first reference book to deal so fully and incisively with the cultural representations of war in 20th-century English and US literature and film. The volume covers the two World Wars as well as specific conflicts that generated literary and imaginativ

Battle Cries And Lullabies

Author: Linda Grant De Pauw
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
ISBN: 0806146842
Size: 13.82 MB
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In this groundbreaking work, which covers thousands of years and spans the globe, Linda Grant De Pauw depicts women as victims and as warriors; as nurses, spies, sex workers, and wives and mothers of soldiers; as warrior queens leading armies into battle; and as baggage carriers marching in the rear. Beginning with the earliest archaeological evidence of warfare and ending with the dozens of wars in progress today, Battle Cries and Lullabies demonstrates that warfare has always and everywhere involved women. Following an introductory chapter on the questions raised about women’s participation in warfare, the book presents a documented, chronological survey linked to familiar models of military history. De Pauw provides historical context for current public policy debates over the role of women in the military. "Whether one applauds or deplores their presence and their actions, women have always been part of war. To ignore this fact grossly distorts our understanding of human history."

A Defense Weapon Known To Be Of Value

Author: Linda Witt
Publisher: UPNE
ISBN: 9781584654728
Size: 23.69 MB
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Fewer than five years after World War II, the United States found itself once again confronted by a war for which it was unprepared. Once again a downsized military establishment rushed to call up, draft, and recruit the needed manpower. And once again when it came up short, the services asked American women to leave their homes, jobs, and families to serve their country. This book chronicles the crucial work of servicewomen in the Korean War, and other uniformed women who helped support that war and the burgeoning Cold War in places as far flung as the Pacific atoll of Kwajalein, bases in still-occupied post-war Germany and Japan, and lonely, isolated outposts such as Great Falls, Montana. The few short years between 1945 and 1953 saw pivotal changes in women's status in the U.S. Armed Forces. In a series of controversial and sometimes bitter legislative contests, women went from being almost a historical footnote in the immediate postwar period--a source of labor and skills the nation's military took for granted--to winning a permanent place in each branch of the armed services. Largely based on the rich archives housed at the Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation, this volume records the actions of women who served in the armed forces, as well as those in the Red Cross, the USO, and other nongovernmental organizations that sent women overseas in support of U.S. military personnel. Topics include the efforts of the Department of Defense to increase the number of female recruits for the Korean War and the difficulty of retaining them in an era that valued homemakers and devalued career women; the cost to the military of the female talent drain just when the military needed them most; and a close look at Army, Navy and Air Force nurses, as well as those in the innovative M.A.S.H. units, who all performed magnificently under dangerous and harsh conditions. The book's conclusion assesses the failure of the military to fully incorporate women during these years as a result of its own paternalistic mindset (shared by society at large) coupled with the failure of wartime recruiting efforts and the low retention rate for servicewomen. The authors argue that the number of servicewomen remained far below authorized levels throughout this period, and the continued small size of the women's components resulted in their inability to accomplish their mission. According to the authors, this hurt the credibility of the women's services and haunted them for years, reinforcing the rock-solid belief of many that the military was for men, and women did not belong there.