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Written Expression Disorders

Author: N. Gregg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 940110297X
Size: 25.50 MB
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A critical review of the literature on written expression disorders of individuals with learning disabilities. The purpose of the book is to shed light on issues concerning definition, assessment and interaction for individuals with writing disorders. The integrated model of written expression offered draws on the work of cognitive psychology, neurolinguistics and sociolinguistics. The model illustrates the interrelationship between cognitive and affective processing networks that influence the selection and use of linguistics and information structures in producing a written text. Particularly noteworthy aspects of this book are: the emphasis on the role of writing in developing higher mental functions (other texts on writing disorders have placed greater emphasis on lower-order aspects); not only the addition and integration of the sociolinguistic dimension into the model of writing but also the inclusion of guidelines for assessing this dimension; specification of needed research in which both populations and tasks have been carefully defined; and, finally, notice of the importance of a continuum for defining, assessing and treating each component of written expression. This state-of-the-art work on disorders of writing is of interest to both researchers and clinicians concerned with written expression disorders in children and/or adults.

Basic Functions Of Language Reading And Reading Disability

Author: Evelin Witruk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402070273
Size: 34.11 MB
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The present book contains selected contributions from the international conference "Basic Mechanisms of Language and Language Disorders". This conference was held in Leipzig in September 1999, and was organized by the Department of Psychology at the University of Leipzig in collaboration with the Max-Planck Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. It was held to commemorate the 120th anniversary of the foundation of the world's first institute of experimental psychology by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig. This edition examines new results from different fields of psychology and neuro psychology of language, reading, and reading disability. The presented book focuses on the following main topics: • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF LANGUAGE ACQUISITION AND LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF READING • BASIC FUNCTIONS OF READING DISABILITY The title "Basic Functions of Language, Reading and Reading disability" expresses the interdisciplinary character of the book. It aims not only at bringing together different theoretical approaches, but also at connecting these approaches with applied work. Since it is necessary to understand basic functions of language and reading in order to understand reading disability, the present book strives to foster a scientific exchange, and to promote the emergence of synergy effects between the different fields.

Cross Linguistic Study Of Acquired Reading Disorders

Author: Prathibha Karanth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306483196
Size: 28.91 MB
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The acquisition ofreading, the teaching ofreading and the difficulties encountered have been ofsubstantial interest to a wide mnge ofresearchers and practitioners for centuries. Given the increasing centrality ofliteracy in modern life they are now of even greater interest to an ever widening base ofprofessionals. The study of the acquired reading disorders, though in existence for over a century, received enormous impetus with the publication of a seminal paper by Marshall and Newcombe in 1966, leading to neuropsychological model building of reading. Over the last 30 years, within the single case study design there has been extensive and exceedingly fme-gmined research on individuals with acquired disorders ofreading, in an attempt to establish the validity ofthese models ofreading and the human brain. In addition these models have had considerable influence on models of the acquisition ofreading in children and their concomitant difficulties. Much ofthis research has been in readers ofthe alphabetic scripts, particularly the opaque English script. During the last decade or so there has been increasing evidence, particularly in research on reading acquisition, that what is true ofalphabetic scripts like English may not be universally true of all of the scripts of the world. This has led to considerable research into the process of learning to read and write and on the factors affecting reading, which are the touchstone ofthe models, within broader cross-linguistic and cross-cultural perspectives.

Experimental Methods In Neuropsychology

Author: Kenneth Hugdahl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402072109
Size: 20.27 MB
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Clinical neuropsychology typically employs large standardized test-batteries to cover the cognitive deficits caused by brain lesions and neurodegenerative diseases. The neuropsychologist moves between three levels of explanation; the behavioral level, the cognitive level and the brain level. The behavioral level is measured as actual performance on a test, i. e. the obtained test score. The cognitive level refers to the underlying cognitive processes that are reflected in the test scores. The brain level, finally, refers to the neural underpinnings and substrates to the cognitive processes. The recent decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in our knowledge about cognitive processes and the underlying neural substrates. Experimental techniques and paradigms have played an important role in the accumulation of new knowledge in this field. Thus, there is a need to present a collection of experimental paradigms and techniques to neuropsychology. Some of these paradigms and techniques have however a long history in neuropsychology, like dichotic listening and EEG measures, while others are new and novel to most neuropsychologists like animal model paradigms and brain imaging and brain stimulation. Experimental techniques typically aim at discovery of causal relationships and with a focus on search for mechanisms. In the first chapter, Merill Hiscock presents an overview of experimental techniques and its adaptation in clinical neuropsychology, with a focus on behavioral techniques and methods.

Counseling Boys And Young Men

Author: Suzanne Degges-White, PhD, LMHC-IN, LPC-NC, NCC
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826109195
Size: 29.13 MB
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"Counseling Boys and Young Men provides a plethora of information and counseling techniques essential to the continued development of young men....The text serves as a noteworthy manual addressing the myriad of issues affecting young males in todayís society."--The Professional Counselor Journal This comprehensive guide to the unique challenges faced by boys and young men encompasses todayís most critical issues and presents effective, evidence-based strategies for treating them. Recognizing the specific needs of diverse young males, this text covers such contemporary issues as bullying and harassment, anger management, online gaming, addiction, pornography, and gang membership. The differences between the developmental issues of males and females are addressed, along with the emotional, intellectual, and physical changes boys experience as they move into adolescence. The difficulties counselors face in their efforts to access emotional expression in boys are discussed along with strategies to overcome these barriers. Each chapter includes a comprehensive case scenario that highlights the presenting issue, how the issue affects functioning, and how effective treatment is best implemented. Additional resources for more in-depth study are also included throughout the book. Key Features: Provides guidance to the unique psychological issues of boys and young men along with innovative, evidence-based treatment strategies Addresses such current topics as bullying/harassment, risk-taking behaviors, pornography addiction, gambling, single-parent families, and more Includes vivid case studies Explores such social issues as gang membership with a focus on helping young males revise their self-image and social networks

Cognitive Neuropsychology

Author: Rosaleen A. McCarthy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123847095
Size: 15.72 MB
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This book is unique in that it gives equal weight to the psychological and neurological approaches to the study of cognitive deficits in patients with brain lesions. The result is a balanced and comprehensive analysis of cognitive skills and abilities that departs from the more usual syndrome approach favored by neurologists and the anti-localizationist perspective of cognitive psychologists. Gives an introductory account of the core subject matter of cognitive neuropsychology**Provides a comprehensive review of the major deficits of human cognitive function**Offers the expertise of two scientists who are also practicing neuropsychologists

Disorders Of Brain Behavior And Cognition The Neurocomputational Perspective

Author: J.A. Reggia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080862460
Size: 71.69 MB
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This book contains selected contributions of papers, many presented at the Second International Workshop on Neural Modeling of Brain Disorders, as well as a few additional papers on related topics, including a wide range of presentations describing computational models of neurological, neuropsychological and psychiatric disorders. It is a unique, comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art of modeling cognitive and brain disorders, appealing to a multidisciplinary audience of clinicians, psychologists, neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, and other neural network researchers. The rest of the book is organized along four main themes, involving memory, neuropsychological, neurological and psychiatric disorders. In general, the cognitive disorders and these psychiatric diseases traditionally regarded as "functional" were modeled along functional lines, while those disorders traditionally viewed as "organic" neurological diseases generally drew more from knowledge of the underlying neurobiology and pathophysiology.

The Encyclopedia Of Neuropsychological Disorders

Author: Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr., EdD, ABPP, ABPN
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826198554
Size: 75.80 MB
Format: PDF
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"I am pleased to include this text in my library, and I am confident that it will serve as an excellent resource for years to come."--PsycCRITIQUES This book serves as an A-Z reference that addresses the neuropsychological aspects of 300 neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders. Each entry follows a 5 section structure that will cover (1) essential features of the disorder (2) physiological basis of the disorder (3) neuropsychological and other clinical presentation (4) assessment and diagnostic practices (5) evidence-based treatments and interventions. This book is written for clinical professionals and students in training to aid in clinical awareness, diagnostic accuracy, and intervention successfulness. The text goes beyond the emotional and behavioral aspects of each disorder and views the broader impacts of the symptoms. This approach emphasizes the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (e.g. cognitive deficits secondary to depression, orthodopaedic ambulation issues). The emphasis on neuropsychological sequelae, physiological basis, and means of diagnosing and treating of 300 conditions across the lifespan make this the most comprehensive resource available to professionals in and around neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry and the behavioral neurosciences. Key Features: Presents 300 highly-structured entries providing disorder features, pathology and physiology, clinical representation, assessment and diagnosis, and evidence-based treatments and interventions Covers neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders across the lifespan (pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations) Includes interventions and methods of treatment for the outcomes patients may experience