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Wto Disciplines On Agricultural Support

Author: David Orden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113950133X
Size: 32.64 MB
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Farm support is contentious in international negotiations. This in-depth assessment of the legal compliance and economic evaluation issues raised by the WTO Agreement on Agriculture presents consistent support data and forward-looking projections for eight developed and developing countries (EU, US, Japan, Norway, Brazil, China, India, Philippines), using original estimates where official notifications are not available. Variations over time in notified support in some cases reflect real policy changes; others merely reflect shifts in how countries represent their measures. The stalled Doha negotiations presage significantly tighter constraints for developed countries that provide the highest support, but loopholes will persist. Developing countries face fewer constraints and their trade-distorting farm support can rise. Pressure points and key remaining issues if a Doha agreement is reached are evaluated. Vigilant monitoring for compliance of farm support with WTO commitments will be required to lessen its negative consequences whether or not the Doha Round is concluded.

Farm Policies And World Markets

Author: Tim Josling
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981461646X
Size: 77.18 MB
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The aim of the book is to provide interested readers with access to a number of articles that have been written over the years on the subject of the linkages between domestic farm policies (particularly in developed countries) and world markets for agricultural goods. The scope of the book includes the measurement of protection and the estimation of transfers to agricultural producers, the effect of these policies on consumers and the consequent impact on international trade. A major theme is that the monitoring of the trade and transfer implications of farm policies is an essential first step to addressing the need for internationally agreed disciplines on their nature and extent. The topic of trade impacts of farm policies has become important in two different market situations. When agricultural commodity prices are depressed, attention turns to the activities of countries (particularly developed countries) that support the income of their own farmers but at the expense of farmers in other countries. When prices rise, as they have done in the last five years, the question is reversed: what is the impact of the farm and food policies that restrict exports to keep domestic prices low on food security in other countries? Thus, the narrative of the monitoring of farm policies by international organizations such as the OECD and the disciplining of such policies under the rules of the WTO is as relevant today as in the 1970s when the first efforts in this direction were made. Contents:About the AuthorPreface and AcknowledgementsIntroductionMonitoring the Trade Impacts of Developed Country Farm Policies:Agricultural Protection and Stabilization Policies: Analysis of Current Neomercantilist PracticesMeasuring Levels of Protection in Agriculture: A Survey of Approaches and Results (with Stefan Tangermann)Of Models and Measures: Some Thoughts on the Use and Abuse of Policy IndicatorsDomestic Policies and the Structure of International Markets:Government Price Policies and the Structure of International Agricultural TradeDomestic Agricultural Price Policies and Their Interaction through TradePrice, Stock, and Trade Policies and the Functioning of International Grain MarketsDisciplining Domestic Policies through the GATT and WTO:The GATT: Its Historical Role and Importance to Agricultural Policy and TradeReflections on the Exceptional Treatment of Agriculture in the WTOCompeting Paradigms in the OECD and Their Impact on the WTO Agricultural TalksTrade Conflicts over Domestic Policies:Agricultural Trade Issues in Transatlantic Trade RelationsProduction and Export Subsidies in Agriculture: Lessons from GATT and WTO Disputes Involving the US and the EC (with Stefan Tangermann)Agricultural Trade Disputes in the WTOMonitoring the Compliance of Country Policies with WTO Disciplines:WTO Compliance and Domestic Farm Policy ChangeThe Difficult Task of Disciplining Domestic Support (with David Orden and David Blandford)Transparency and Timeliness: The Monitoring of Agricultural Policies in the WTO using OECD Data (with Klaus Mittenzwei) Readership: Undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers, academics, and policymakers interested in trade in agricultural goods, domestic farm policies, measurement of protection and domestic support estimation. Key Features:Unique book on the topic that includes both the monitoring and the disciplining of farm policiesContains articles written over a number of years that will give the reader a better feel for the continuity of the issues and the development of responses by international agenciesA good introduction to the topic by an author who is well-known and established in the fieldKeywords:Agricultural Policies;Agricultural Trade

Trade In Goods

Author: Petros Mavroidis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199657483
Size: 37.16 MB
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Rev. ed. of: Trade in goods the GATT and the other agreements regulating trade in goods. [1st ed.]. c2007.

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform

Author: Kym Anderson
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
ISBN: 1925261352
Size: 13.14 MB
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This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions – and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

Global Value Chains In A Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms
ISBN: 9789287038821
Size: 73.74 MB
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Making Global Trade Governance Work For Development

Author: Carolyn Deere Birkbeck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499416
Size: 22.46 MB
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Discussion of the governance of global trade and the multilateral trading system is too often dominated by developed-country scholars and opinion-makers, with inadequate attention given to developing country perspectives. Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development gathers a diversity of developing country views on how to improve the governance of global trade and the WTO to better advance sustainable development and respond to the needs of developing countries. With contributions by senior scholars, commentators and practitioners, the essays combine new, empirically-grounded research with practical insights about the trade policy-making process. They consider the specific governance issues of interest to developing countries and acknowledge the changing dynamics in the global economy and in trade decision-making.

Global Agricultural Trade And Developing Countries

Author: M. Ataman Aksoy
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821383490
Size: 44.16 MB
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Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries presents research findings based on a series of commodity studies of significant economic importance to developing countries. The book sets the stage with background chapters and investigations of cross-cutting issues. It then describes trade and domestic policy regimes affecting agricultural and food markets, and assesses the resulting patterns of production and trade. The book continues with an analysis of product standards and costs of compliance and their effects on agricultural and food trade. The book also investigates the impact of preferences given to selected countries and their effectiveness, then reviews the evidence on the attempts to decouple agricultural support from agricultural output. The last background chapter explores the robustness of the global gains of multilateral agricultural and food trade liberalization. Given this context, the book presents detailed commodity studies for coffee, cotton, dairy, fruits and vegetables, groundnuts, rice, seafood products, sugar, and wheat. These markets feature distorted policy regimes among industrial or middle-income countries. The studies analyze current policy regimes in key producing and consuming countries, document the magnitude of these distortions and estimate the distributional impacts - winners and losers - of trade and domestic policy reforms. By bringing the key issues and findings together in one place, Global Agricultural Trade and Developing Countries aids policy makers and researchers, both in their approach to global negotiations and in evaluating their domestic policies on agriculture. The book also complements the recently published Agriculture and the WTO, which focuses primarily on the agricultural issues within the context of the WTO negotiations.

Seattle And Beyond

Author: Patrick Grady
Publisher: Global Economics Ltd.
ISBN: 9780968621004
Size: 38.72 MB
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The Millennium Round of multilateral negotiations was launched at the well-publicized third World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Meeting in Seattle in December. Seattle & Beyond: The WTO Millennium Round is the ultimate guide to the many difficult & controversial issues that will arise during the planned three-year negotiations. Seattle & Beyond contains 15 chapters providing an in-depth look at the topics of E-commerce, agriculture, opening markets, competition policy, integrating labor standards, settling disputes, & much more. "This is a very useful summary & analysis of the major issues before the World Trade Organization, & deserves to be widely read." --Michael Moore, Director-General, World Trade Organization.