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Young Adult Offenders

Author: Friedrich Losel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1843922711
Size: 12.64 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume focuses on young adults and treatment in the UK criminal justice system. Young adults, aged 18-21, are at the peak age for offending, but they have been neglected in comparison with youth under 18. There are few programs designed especially for young adults who are increasingly held in adult prisons rather than young offender institutions. This book brings together leading authorities in the field to analyze both theoretical and policy issues relating to this neglected group of people, exploring different approaches in relation to both the prevention of crime and the treatment of offenders.

The Routledge International Handbook Of Life Course Criminology

Author: Arjan Blokland
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 131760301X
Size: 10.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.

Young People Crime And Justice

Author: Roger Hopkins Burke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317680413
Size: 72.26 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In the minds of the general public, young people and crime are intrinsically linked; wide-spread belief persists that such activities are a result of the ‘permissive 1960s’ and the changing face of the traditional nuclear family. Roger Hopkins Burke challenges these preconceptions and offers a detailed and comprehensive introduction to youth crime and the subsequent response from the criminal justice system. This extended and fully updated new edition explores: The development of young people and attempts to educate, discipline, control and construct them, Criminological explanations and empirical evidence of why young people become involved in criminality, The system established by the Youth Justice Board, its theoretical foundations, and the extent of its success, Alternative approaches to youth justice around the globe and the apparent homogenisation throughout the neoliberal world. The second edition also includes new chapters looking at youth justice in the wider context of social policy and comparative youth justice. Young People, Crime and Justice is the perfect undergraduate critical introduction to the youth justice system, following a unique left-realist perspective while providing a balanced account of the critical criminology agenda, locating the practical working of the system in the critical socio-economic context. It is essential reading for students taking modules on youth crime, youth justice and contemporary social and criminal justice policy. Text features include key points, chapter summaries and review questions.

The Oxford Handbook Of Emerging Adulthood

Author: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199795614
Size: 27.70 MB
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In recent decades, the lives of people in their late teens and twenties have changed so dramatically that a new stage of life has developed. In an original paper published in 2000, Jeffrey Jensen Arnett identified this period, coining it "emerging adulthood," and he distinguished it from both the adolescence that precedes it and the young adulthood that comes in its wake. His new paradigm received a surge of scholarly attention after his first book on the topic launched the field, and both a flourishing society and journal developed to further expand this area of research. Studies and publications on emerging adulthood now abound, and the leading research has yet to be organized into a single handbook that covers the field. The Oxford Handbook of Emerging Adulthood is the first and only comprehensive compilation spanning the field of emerging adulthood. Expertly edited by Arnett, this Handbook is comprised of cutting-edge chapters written by leading scholars in developmental psychology. Topics include theoretical perspectives and structural influences in the field; cognitive development during emerging adulthood; family, friendship, and romantic relationships; sexual identity and orientation; education and work; leisure and media use; mental health; religious and political beliefs; positive development; and substance abuse and crime, to name a few. Sure to be the definitive resource for researchers, scholars, and students studying emerging adulthood, this Handbook will pave the way for new scholarship in this expanding area of inquiry and serve as an excellent resource for the wider field of developmental psychology.

Farbenblind

Author: Trevor Noah
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 364120643X
Size: 57.96 MB
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Trevor Noah kam 1984 im Township Soweto als Sohn einer Xhosa und eines Schweizers zur Welt. Zu einer Zeit, da das südafrikanische Apartheidsregime „gemischtrassige“ Beziehungen weiterhin unter Strafe stellte. Als Kind, das es nicht geben durfte, erlebte er Armut und systematischen Rassismus, aber auch die mutige Auflehnung seiner "farbenblinden" Eltern, die einfallsreich versuchten, Trennungen zwischen Ethnien und Geschlechtern zu überwinden. Heute ist er ein international gefeierter Comedian, der die legendäre "The Daily Show" in den USA leitet und weltweit – ob Sydney, Dubai, Toronto, San Francisco oder Berlin – in ausverkauften Sälen auftritt. In "Farbenblind" erzählt Trevor Noah ebenso feinsinnig wie komisch in achtzehn Geschichten von seinem Aufwachsen in Südafrika, das den ganzen Aberwitz der Apartheid bündelt: warum ihn seine Mutter aus einem fahrenden Minibus warf, um Gottes Willen zu erfüllen, welche Musik er für einen tanzenden Hitler aufzulegen pflegte, um sein erstes Geld zu verdienen, und wie ihn eine Überwachungskamera, die nicht einmal zwischen Schwarz und Weiß unterscheiden konnte, vor dem Gefängnis bewahrte.

Kriminalit T

Author: Hans-Jürgen Kerner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364275418X
Size: 41.31 MB
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Dieses Buch ist ein bedeutender Beitrag zur Standortbestimmung der täterorientierten Forschung in der Kriminologie. Die Beiträge befassen sich mit der Frage, wie Kriminalität als Erscheinung im Leben von Individuen auftritt, sich ausprägt und gegebenenfalls strukturiert, welche typischen Verlaufsgestalten sich formen, wie Rückfälligkeit sich entwickelt bis hin zu einer sog. kriminellen Karriere. Vorformen der Kriminalität (wie Frühdelinquenz) und Randbereiche (wie Alkohol-, Drogenkonsum, psychiatrisch relevante Auffälligkeiten) werden mit einbezogen. Die Beiträge erstrecken sich auch auf methodologische und methodische Grundsatzfragen des empirischen Zugangs zur Verbrechenswirklichkeit, der erfahrungswissenschaftlichen Erfassung des Täters in seinen sozialen Bezügen, der forensischen Begutachtung und der (therapeutischen) Behandlung.