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Young People S Lives And Sexual Relationships In Rural Africa

Author: Mary Louisa Plummer
ISBN: 9780739186299
Size: 66.90 MB
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This book draws on an extraordinarily large and representative qualitative study to examine the variety of young people's sexual relationships and practices in a region typical of rural Africa. It describes how contradictory social ideals and expectations led to concealment of premarital and extramarital relationships. It then examines how this secrecy, combined with poor understanding of HIV/AIDS and the common practice of material exchange for sex, contributed to short relationships, fast partner change, concurrent partnerships, and related sexual health risks.

Promoting Abstinence Being Faithful And Condom Use With Young Africans

Author: Mary Louisa Plummer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0739168444
Size: 27.45 MB
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This book examines how the “ABC” behaviors – Abstinence, Being faithful, and Condom use – can be promoted more effectively with young rural Africans. It draws on an extraordinarily large qualitative study affiliated with a randomized controlled trial in Tanzania. The book assesses the process and impact of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual health intervention; examines the motivations and strategies of youth who practiced low risk behaviors; and provides detailed recommendations for school and community programs.

Ethnologia Europaea Vol 46 1

Author: Laura Stark
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 8763544873
Size: 12.60 MB
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Special issue: Muslim Intimacies In every society, individual choice and freedom are shaped at least to some degree by the needs of familial and marital institutions. Currently, negotiations between individuals and families are undergoing transformations due to late modern processes such as recent waves of mass migration, the increasing transnationalism of everyday practices, global commerce in ideas and images, and the expansion of information technology into all corners of people’s lives. Some of the greatest challenges are experienced by Muslim families; the majority of the world’s Muslims live in extreme poverty, and in Europe, anti-Muslim sentiment has found a firm foothold in public attitudes and debates. This special issue explores the dilemmas facing transnational Muslim families as well as those who feel the impact of late modern transformations in societies where they have lived for generations. Five scholarly articles address family dynamics among Muslims in Finland (Anne Häkkinen), Ethiopia (Outi Fingerroos), Italy and Sweden (Pia Karlsson Minganti), Morocco (Raquel Gil Carvalheira), and Tanzania (Laura Stark); these are complemented by the insightful commentary by Garbi Schmidt. The aim of this theme issue is to develop new ways of talking about the links between Islam, family and the individual, which move away from the ethnocentrism of Western concepts and pay greater attention to the desires and goals of those studied. This volume includes two open issue contributions: Magdalena Elchinova scrutinizes identity construction among Orthodox Bulgarians based in Istanbul, and in the context of the post- Fordist “creative city” Ove Sutter analyses the playful and performative protests of activists following the declaration of the so-called Danger Zone 2014 in Hamburg, Germany.

Monitoring And Evaluation In Health And Social Development

Author: Stephen Bell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317549457
Size: 77.44 MB
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New approaches are needed to monitor and evaluate health and social development. Existing strategies tend to require expensive, time-consuming analytical procedures. The growing emphasis on results-based programming has resulted in evaluation being conducted in order to demonstrate accountability and success, rather than how change takes place, what works and why. The tendency to monitor and evaluate using log frames and their variants closes policy makers’ and practitioners’ eyes to the sometimes unanticipated means by which change takes place. Two recent developments hold the potential to transcend these difficulties and to lead to important changes in the way in which the effects of health and social development programming are understood. First, there is growing interest in ways of monitoring programmes and assessing impact that are more grounded in the realities of practice than many of the ‘results-based’ methods currently utilised. Second, there are calls for the greater use of interpretive and ethnographic methods in programme design, monitoring and evaluation. Responding to these concerns, this book illustrates the potential of interpretative methods to aid understanding and make a difference in real people’s lives. Through a focus on individual and community perspectives, and locally-grounded explanations, the methods explored in this book offer a potentially richer way of assessing the relationships between intent, action and change in health and social development in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas.

Hiv And East Africa

Author: Janet Seeley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135069506
Size: 44.32 MB
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By tracing the shadow of the epidemic over the last 30 years in Uganda and more broadly in the region, HIV and East Africa investigates the impact of the epidemic on people’s lives and livelihoods, placing the epidemic within the context of the social, political and economic changes that have occurred over the last three decades. Whilst it inevitably touches on loss and suffering, the message is also about managing the impact of an epidemic which has had a profound impact on many lives. When one looks for traces in southern Uganda, once thought to be the epicentre of the epidemic, it is hard to see any lasting impact at a community wide level. Delve deeper and there are scars to be found among families and patterns of change which are a direct result of the epidemic The book goes on to explore the effect of improved treatment and care on perceptions of the epidemic and concludes by putting HIV into the context of other disease outbreaks, reflecting on what we can learn from the history of other epidemics as well as the last 30 years of the HIV epidemic.

Children And Young People Living With Hiv Aids

Author: Pranee Liamputtong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319299360
Size: 36.26 MB
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This book focuses on the issues encountered by children and young people who are living with HIV/AIDS. It examines their lived experiences associated with HIV/AIDS, and studies groups of children and youngsters from around the globe. Connecting empirical information with real-life situations, the book brings together results from empirical research that relates to these children and young people. Its chapters can be used as evidence for health care providers to implement socially and culturally appropriate services to assist individuals and groups of children and young people who are living with HIV/AIDS in many societies. Many of these young people are from the most marginalized and vulnerable groups; and many have been orphaned by the death of their HIV-positive parents. Marginalized young people such as refugees, migrants and street children are most at risk due to the use of illicit drugs, their exposure to unprotected sex (in exchange for food, money and protection), and stigma associated with their marginalized lives. The impact that HIV/AIDS has on the opportunities for these young people to be able to lead healthy adult lives is considerable. This book gives a voice to these children and young people and advances our understanding of their lived experiences and needs.

Research On Reproductive Health At Who

Author: Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction (World Health Organization)
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9789241562089
Size: 75.14 MB
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This report reflects the work of a research programme conducted by the World Health Organization which brings together a global network of health care providers, policy-makers, scientists and clinicians, as well as consumer and community representatives to explore sexual and reproductive health problems and identify ways of addressing them. Issues discussed include: family planning methods; making pregnancy and childbirth less life-threatening; preventing reproductive tract infections, including HIV infection; preventing unsafe abortion; and exploring adolescent sexual behaviour.