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1000 Solved Problems In Classical Physics

Author: Ahmad A. Kamal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642119439
Size: 15.17 MB
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This book basically caters to the needs of undergraduates and graduates physics students in the area of classical physics, specially Classical Mechanics and Electricity and Electromagnetism. Lecturers/ Tutors may use it as a resource book. The contents of the book are based on the syllabi currently used in the undergraduate courses in USA, U.K., and other countries. The book is divided into 15 chapters, each chapter beginning with a brief but adequate summary and necessary formulas and Line diagrams followed by a variety of typical problems useful for assignments and exams. Detailed solutions are provided at the end of each chapter.

1000 Solved Problems In Modern Physics

Author: Ahmad A. Kamal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642043338
Size: 47.89 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is targeted mainly to the undergraduate students of USA, UK and other European countries, and the M. Sc of Asian countries, but will be found useful for the graduate students, Graduate Record Examination (GRE), Teachers and Tutors. This is a by-product of lectures given at the Osmania University, University of Ottawa and University of Tebrez over several years, and is intended to assist the students in their assignments and examinations. The book covers a wide spectrum of disciplines in Modern Physics, and is mainly based on the actual examination papers of UK and the Indian Universities. The selected problems display a large variety and conform to syllabi which are currently being used in various countries. The book is divided into ten chapters. Each chapter begins with basic concepts containing a set of formulae and explanatory notes for quick reference, followed by a number of problems and their detailed solutions. The problems are judiciously selected and are arranged section-wise. The so- tions are neither pedantic nor terse. The approach is straight forward and step-- step solutions are elaborately provided. More importantly the relevant formulas used for solving the problems can be located in the beginning of each chapter. There are approximately 150 line diagrams for illustration. Basic quantum mechanics, elementary calculus, vector calculus and Algebra are the pre-requisites.

Particle Physics

Author: Anwar Kamal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 364238661X
Size: 19.34 MB
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This textbook teaches particle physics very didactically. It supports learning and teaching with numerous worked examples, questions and problems with answers. Numerous tables and diagrams lead to a better understanding of the explanations. The content of the book covers all important topics of particle physics: Elementary particles are classified from the point of view of the four fundamental interactions. The nomenclature used in particle physics is explained. The discoveries and properties of known elementary particles and resonances are given. The particles considered are positrons, muon, pions, anti-protons, strange particles, neutrino and hadrons. The conservation laws governing the interactions of elementary particles are given. The concepts of parity, spin, charge conjugation, time reversal and gauge invariance are explained. The quark theory is introduced to explain the hadron structure and strong interactions. The solar neutrino problem is considered. Weak interactions are classified into various types, and the selection rules are stated. Non-conservation of parity and the universality of the weak interactions are discussed. Neutral and charged currents, discovery of W and Z bosons and the early universe form important topics of the electroweak interactions. The principles of high energy accelerators including colliders are elaborately explained. Additionally, in the book detectors used in nuclear and particle physics are described. This book is on the upper undergraduate level.

Exploring Quantum Mechanics

Author: Viktor Mikhaĭlovich Galit︠s︡kiĭ
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199232725
Size: 44.15 MB
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It is notoriously difficult to come up with a new quantum-mechanical problem that would be solvable with a pencil and paper within a finite amount of time and that would provide a useful insight into the fascinating world of quantum physics. Any person who has taught quantum mechanics is certainly aware that there is a lack of such solvable problems in quantum mechanics. In fact, it is exactly this deficit of illuminating examples and practical exercises that make learning and teaching quantum physics so complicated. It is very difficult to understand fundamentally new concepts without real-life examples. Despite this difficulty, this book remarkably presents some 700+ problems in quantum mechanics together with solutions. They are largely new to the English-speaking audience. The problems have been collected over about 60 years, first by the lead author, the late Prof. Victor Galitski, Sr. Over the years, new problems were added and the material polished by Prof. Karnakov.Finally, the translator Prof. Victor Galitski, Jr, has edited the material for the modern English-speaking audience and extended it with new problems particularly relevant to modern science.

Nuclear Physics

Author: Anwar Kamal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642386555
Size: 58.66 MB
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This textbook explains the experimental basics, effects and theory of nuclear physics. It supports learning and teaching with numerous worked examples, questions and problems with answers. Numerous tables and diagrams help to better understand the explanations. A better feeling to the subject of the book is given with sketches about the historical development of nuclear physics. The main topics of this book include the phenomena associated with passage of charged particles and radiation through matter which are related to nuclear resonance fluorescence and the Moessbauer effect., Gamov’s theory of alpha decay, Fermi theory of beta decay, electron capture and gamma decay. The discussion of general properties of nuclei covers nuclear sizes and nuclear force, nuclear spin, magnetic dipole moment and electric quadrupole moment. Nuclear instability against various modes of decay and Yukawa theory are explained. Nuclear models such as Fermi Gas Model, Shell Model, Liquid Drop Model, Collective Model and Optical Model are outlined to explain various experimental facts related to nuclear structure. Heavy ion reactions, including nuclear fusion, are explained. Nuclear fission and fusion power production is treated elaborately.

Over 200 U S Department Of Energy Manuals Combined Classical Physics Electrical Science Thermodynamics Heat Transfer And Fluid Fundamentals Instrumentation And Control Mathematics Chemistry Engineering Symbiology Material Science Mechanical Science And Nuclear Physics And Reactor Theory

Author:
Publisher: Jeffrey Frank Jones
ISBN:
Size: 46.89 MB
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Over 19,000 total pages ... Public Domain U.S. Government published manual: Numerous illustrations and matrices. Published in the 1990s and after 2000. TITLES and CONTENTS: ELECTRICAL SCIENCES - Contains the following manuals: Electrical Science, Vol 1 - Electrical Science, Vol 2 - Electrical Science, Vol 3 - Electrical Science, Vol 4 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 1 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 2 - Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, And Fluid Flow, Vol 3 - Instrumentation And Control, Vol 1 - Instrumentation And Control, Vol 2 Mathematics, Vol 1 - Mathematics, Vol 2 - Chemistry, Vol 1 - Chemistry, Vol 2 - Engineering Symbology, Prints, And Drawings, Vol 1 - Engineering Symbology, Prints, And Drawings, Vol 2 - Material Science, Vol 1 - Material Science, Vol 2 - Mechanical Science, Vol 1 - Mechanical Science, Vol 2 - Nuclear Physics And Reactor Theory, Vol 1 - Nuclear Physics And Reactor Theory, Vol 2. CLASSICAL PHYSICS - The Classical Physics Fundamentals includes information on the units used to measure physical properties; vectors, and how they are used to show the net effect of various forces; Newton's Laws of motion, and how to use these laws in force and motion applications; and the concepts of energy, work, and power, and how to measure and calculate the energy involved in various applications. * Scalar And Vector Quantities * Vector Identification * Vectors: Resultants And Components * Graphic Method Of Vector Addition * Component Addition Method * Analytical Method Of Vector Addition * Newton's Laws Of Motion * Momentum Principles * Force And Weight * Free-Body Diagrams * Force Equilibrium * Types Of Force * Energy And Work * Law Of Conservation Of Energy * Power – ELECTRICAL SCIENCE: The Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook includes information on alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) theory, circuits, motors, and generators; AC power and reactive components; batteries; AC and DC voltage regulators; transformers; and electrical test instruments and measuring devices. * Atom And Its Forces * Electrical Terminology * Units Of Electrical Measurement * Methods Of Producing Voltage (Electricity) * Magnetism * Magnetic Circuits * Electrical Symbols * DC Sources * DC Circuit Terminology * Basic DC Circuit Calculations * Voltage Polarity And Current Direction * Kirchhoff's Laws * DC Circuit Analysis * DC Circuit Faults * Inductance * Capacitance * Battery Terminology * Battery Theory * Battery Operations * Types Of Batteries * Battery Hazards * DC Equipment Terminology * DC Equipment Construction * DC Generator Theory * DC Generator Construction * DC Motor Theory * Types Of DC Motors * DC Motor Operation * AC Generation * AC Generation Analysis * Inductance * Capacitance * Impedance * Resonance * Power Triangle * Three-Phase Circuits * AC Generator Components * AC Generator Theory * AC Generator Operation * Voltage Regulators * AC Motor Theory * AC Motor Types * Transformer Theory * Transformer Types * Meter Movements * Voltmeters * Ammeters * Ohm Meters * Wattmeters * Other Electrical Measuring Devices * Test Equipment * System Components And Protection Devices * Circuit Breakers * Motor Controllers * Wiring Schemes And Grounding THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUID FUNDAMENTALS. The Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer, and Fluid Flow Fundamentals Handbook includes information on thermodynamics and the properties of fluids; the three modes of heat transfer - conduction, convection, and radiation; and fluid flow, and the energy relationships in fluid systems. * Thermodynamic Properties * Temperature And Pressure Measurements * Energy, Work, And Heat * Thermodynamic Systems And Processes * Change Of Phase * Property Diagrams And Steam Tables * First Law Of Thermodynamics * Second Law Of Thermodynamics * Compression Processes * Heat Transfer Terminology * Conduction Heat Transfer * Convection Heat Transfer * Radiant Heat Transfer * Heat Exchangers * Boiling Heat Transfer * Heat Generation * Decay Heat * Continuity Equation * Laminar And Turbulent Flow * Bernoulli's Equation * Head Loss * Natural Circulation * Two-Phase Fluid Flow * Centrifugal Pumps INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL. The Instrumentation and Control Fundamentals Handbook includes information on temperature, pressure, flow, and level detection systems; position indication systems; process control systems; and radiation detection principles. * Resistance Temperature Detectors (Rtds) * Thermocouples * Functional Uses Of Temperature Detectors * Temperature Detection Circuitry * Pressure Detectors * Pressure Detector Functional Uses * Pressure Detection Circuitry * Level Detectors * Density Compensation * Level Detection Circuitry * Head Flow Meters * Other Flow Meters * Steam Flow Detection * Flow Circuitry * Synchro Equipment * Switches * Variable Output Devices * Position Indication Circuitry * Radiation Detection Terminology * Radiation Types * Gas-Filled Detector * Detector Voltage * Proportional Counter * Proportional Counter Circuitry * Ionization Chamber * Compensated Ion Chamber * Electroscope Ionization Chamber * Geiger-Müller Detector * Scintillation Counter * Gamma Spectroscopy * Miscellaneous Detectors * Circuitry And Circuit Elements * Source Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Intermediate Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Power Range Nuclear Instrumentation * Principles Of Control Systems * Control Loop Diagrams * Two Position Control Systems * Proportional Control Systems * Reset (Integral) Control Systems * Proportional Plus Reset Control Systems * Proportional Plus Rate Control Systems * Proportional-Integral-Derivative Control Systems * Controllers * Valve Actuators MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Fundamentals Handbook includes a review of introductory mathematics and the concepts and functional use of algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Word problems, equations, calculations, and practical exercises that require the use of each of the mathematical concepts are also presented. * Calculator Operations * Four Basic Arithmetic Operations * Averages * Fractions * Decimals * Signed Numbers * Significant Digits * Percentages * Exponents * Scientific Notation * Radicals * Algebraic Laws * Linear Equations * Quadratic Equations * Simultaneous Equations * Word Problems * Graphing * Slopes * Interpolation And Extrapolation * Basic Concepts Of Geometry * Shapes And Figures Of Plane Geometry * Solid Geometric Figures * Pythagorean Theorem * Trigonometric Functions * Radians * Statistics * Imaginary And Complex Numbers * Matrices And Determinants * Calculus CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Handbook includes information on the atomic structure of matter; chemical bonding; chemical equations; chemical interactions involved with corrosion processes; water chemistry control, including the principles of water treatment; the hazards of chemicals and gases, and basic gaseous diffusion processes. * Characteristics Of Atoms * The Periodic Table * Chemical Bonding * Chemical Equations * Acids, Bases, Salts, And Ph * Converters * Corrosion Theory * General Corrosion * Crud And Galvanic Corrosion * Specialized Corrosion * Effects Of Radiation On Water Chemistry (Synthesis) * Chemistry Parameters * Purpose Of Water Treatment * Water Treatment Processes * Dissolved Gases, Suspended Solids, And Ph Control * Water Purity * Corrosives (Acids And Alkalies) * Toxic Compound * Compressed Gases * Flammable And Combustible Liquids ENGINEERING SYMBIOLOGY. The Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings Handbook includes information on engineering fluid drawings and prints; piping and instrument drawings; major symbols and conventions; electronic diagrams and schematics; logic circuits and diagrams; and fabrication, construction, and architectural drawings. * Introduction To Print Reading * Introduction To The Types Of Drawings, Views, And Perspectives * Engineering Fluids Diagrams And Prints * Reading Engineering P&Ids * P&Id Print Reading Example * Fluid Power P&Ids * Electrical Diagrams And Schematics * Electrical Wiring And Schematic Diagram Reading Examples * Electronic Diagrams And Schematics * Examples * Engineering Logic Diagrams * Truth Tables And Exercises * Engineering Fabrication, Construction, And Architectural Drawings * Engineering Fabrication, Construction, And Architectural Drawing, Examples MATERIAL SCIENCE. The Material Science Handbook includes information on the structure and properties of metals, stress mechanisms in metals, failure modes, and the characteristics of metals that are commonly used in DOE nuclear facilities. * Bonding * Common Lattice Types * Grain Structure And Boundary * Polymorphism * Alloys * Imperfections In Metals * Stress * Strain * Young's Modulus * Stress-Strain Relationship * Physical Properties * Working Of Metals * Corrosion * Hydrogen Embrittlement * Tritium/Material Compatibility * Thermal Stress * Pressurized Thermal Shock * Brittle Fracture Mechanism * Minimum Pressurization-Temperature Curves * Heatup And Cooldown Rate Limits * Properties Considered * When Selecting Materials * Fuel Materials * Cladding And Reflectors * Control Materials * Shielding Materials * Nuclear Reactor Core Problems * Plant Material Problems * Atomic Displacement Due To Irradiation * Thermal And Displacement Spikes * Due To Irradiation * Effect Due To Neutron Capture * Radiation Effects In Organic Compounds * Reactor Use Of Aluminum MECHANICAL SCIENCE. The Mechanical Science Handbook includes information on diesel engines, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, and miscellaneous mechanical components. * Diesel Engines * Fundamentals Of The Diesel Cycle * Diesel Engine Speed, Fuel Controls, And Protection * Types Of Heat Exchangers * Heat Exchanger Applications * Centrifugal Pumps * Centrifugal Pump Operation * Positive Displacement Pumps * Valve Functions And Basic Parts * Types Of Valves * Valve Actuators * Air Compressors * Hydraulics * Boilers * Cooling Towers * Demineralizers * Pressurizers * Steam Traps * Filters And Strainers NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND REACTOR THEORY. The Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory Handbook includes information on atomic and nuclear physics; neutron characteristics; reactor theory and nuclear parameters; and the theory of reactor operation. * Atomic Nature Of Matter * Chart Of The Nuclides * Mass Defect And Binding Energy * Modes Of Radioactive Decay * Radioactivity * Neutron Interactions * Nuclear Fission * Energy Release From Fission * Interaction Of Radiation With Matter * Neutron Sources * Nuclear Cross Sections And Neutron Flux * Reaction Rates * Neutron Moderation * Prompt And Delayed Neutrons * Neutron Flux Spectrum * Neutron Life Cycle * Reactivity * Reactivity Coefficients * Neutron Poisons * Xenon * Samarium And Other Fission Product Poisons * Control Rods * Subcritical Multiplication * Reactor Kinetics * Reactor

Mathematical Physics Classical Mechanics

Author: Andreas Knauf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662557746
Size: 52.31 MB
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As a limit theory of quantum mechanics, classical dynamics comprises a large variety of phenomena, from computable (integrable) to chaotic (mixing) behavior. This book presents the KAM (Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser) theory and asymptotic completeness in classical scattering. Including a wealth of fascinating examples in physics, it offers not only an excellent selection of basic topics, but also an introduction to a number of current areas of research in the field of classical mechanics. Thanks to the didactic structure and concise appendices, the presentation is self-contained and requires only knowledge of the basic courses in mathematics. The book addresses the needs of graduate and senior undergraduate students in mathematics and physics, and of researchers interested in approaching classical mechanics from a modern point of view.

Modern Classical Physics

Author: Kip S. Thorne
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084889X
Size: 16.38 MB
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This first-year, graduate-level text and reference book covers the fundamental concepts and twenty-first-century applications of six major areas of classical physics that every masters- or PhD-level physicist should be exposed to, but often isn't: statistical physics, optics (waves of all sorts), elastodynamics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, and special and general relativity and cosmology. Growing out of a full-year course that the eminent researchers Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford taught at Caltech for almost three decades, this book is designed to broaden the training of physicists. Its six main topical sections are also designed so they can be used in separate courses, and the book provides an invaluable reference for researchers. Presents all the major fields of classical physics except three prerequisites: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and elementary thermodynamics Elucidates the interconnections between diverse fields and explains their shared concepts and tools Focuses on fundamental concepts and modern, real-world applications Takes applications from fundamental, experimental, and applied physics; astrophysics and cosmology; geophysics, oceanography, and meteorology; biophysics and chemical physics; engineering and optical science and technology; and information science and technology Emphasizes the quantum roots of classical physics and how to use quantum techniques to elucidate classical concepts or simplify classical calculations Features hundreds of color figures, some five hundred exercises, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index An online illustration package is available to professors