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A Culture Of Stone

Author: Carolyn J Dean
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822393174
Size: 16.22 MB
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A major contribution to both art history and Latin American studies, A Culture of Stone offers sophisticated new insights into Inka culture and the interpretation of non-Western art. Carolyn Dean focuses on rock outcrops masterfully integrated into Inka architecture, exquisitely worked masonry, and freestanding sacred rocks, explaining how certain stones took on lives of their own and played a vital role in the unfolding of Inka history. Examining the multiple uses of stone, she argues that the Inka understood building in stone as a way of ordering the chaos of unordered nature, converting untamed spaces into domesticated places, and laying claim to new territories. Dean contends that understanding what the rocks signified requires seeing them as the Inka saw them: as potentially animate, sentient, and sacred. Through careful analysis of Inka stonework, colonial-period accounts of the Inka, and contemporary ethnographic and folkloric studies of indigenous Andean culture, Dean reconstructs the relationships between stonework and other aspects of Inka life, including imperial expansion, worship, and agriculture. She also scrutinizes meanings imposed on Inka stone by the colonial Spanish and, later, by tourism and the tourist industry. A Culture of Stone is a compelling multidisciplinary argument for rethinking how we see and comprehend the Inka past.

The Saqsaywaman Mystery

Author: Gabor Joseph Kish
Publisher: Pannonus Editions
ISBN: 0578446758
Size: 34.52 MB
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Travellers to visit the famed Inca citadel of Machu Picchu in Peru usually start in Cusco. From there they are often taken to the monumental Saqsaywaman fortress just outside the city, a structure that has been compared in architectural significance to the Great Gizeh pyramid of Egypt. There they might find themselves shaking their heads in disbelief considering how the Incas could have moved, placed and fitted these cyclopean blocks of stone together with their primitive tools, without cranes and without mortar. The Inca chronicler Garcilaso himself once wrote about these gigantic blocks "that you could not slip the point of a knife between the two of them: indeed, such a work defies imagination." Yet the official academic opinion does not share this skepticism and has declared the whole site to be the work of the Incas. While there have been other books and commentaries to the contrary, this book for the first time provides detailed bibliographic and meticulous photographic evidence and also a recent geochemical analysis to lay out a well-founded opposing view and to call for reopening the case of the Saqsaywaman Inca attribution. It also surveys other monuments in the Saqsaywaman Archaeological Park that are strikingly different from bona fide Inca structures. It has its share of scholarly footnotes and an extensive bibliography yet it is easy to read. This photographic essay through its trail of evidence in effect becomes a 'reverse whodunit' to let us clearly see who could not have done it. This 2nd edition has been enhanced with new data and photos. Based on the latest geological research the book's last chapter also offers a startling but credible proposition for dating some of these structures that may indeed represent the oldest architectural monuments of humanity. The author, Gabor Joseph Kish is a Dr.phil. cum laude graduate in Archaeology/Art History from a leading German university, now retired.

The Oxford Handbook Of The Archaeology And Anthropology Of Rock Art

Author: Bruno David
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190844957
Size: 29.85 MB
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Rock art is one of the most visible and geographically widespread of cultural expressions, and it spans much of the period of our species' existence. Rock art also provides rare and often unique insights into the minds and visually creative capacities of our ancestors and how selected rock outcrops with distinctive images were used to construct symbolic landscapes and shape worldviews. Equally important, rock art is often central to the expression of and engagement with spiritual entities and forces, and in all these dimensions it signals the diversity of cultural practices, across place and through time. Over the past 150 years, archaeologists have studied ancient arts on rock surfaces, both out in the open and within caves and rock shelters, and social anthropologists have revealed how people today use art in their daily lives. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Rock Art showcases examples of such research from around the world and across a broad range of cultural contexts, giving a sense of the art's regional variability, its antiquity, and how it is meaningful to people in the recent past and today - including how we have ourselves tended to make sense of the art of others, replete with our own preconceptions. It reviews past, present, and emerging theoretical approaches to rock art investigation and presents new, cutting-edge methods of rock art analysis for the student and professional researcher alike.

Encyclopedia Of The Incas

Author: Gary Urton
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0759123632
Size: 66.20 MB
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This A-to-Z encyclopedia offers students and non-specialist readers a broad introduction to the fascinating civilization of the Incas. Brief narrative entries, based on archaeological research and historical records, explore Inca settlements, culture, society, celebrations, and achievements—the texture and scope of the Inca Empire.

On The Lips Of Others

Author: Patrick Thomas Hajovsky
Size: 44.72 MB
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An interdisciplinary study investigating how the name and portrait of Moteuczoma (a.k.a. Moctezuma/Montezuma) II were represented in Aztec monuments and colonial manuscripts and how the concept of fame operated in the Aztec world.