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Adaptive Origins

Author: Peter LaFrenière
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136945172
Size: 28.29 MB
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In this text, students are invited to rethink psychology by grounding it in the natural sciences with the understanding that evolutionary and developmental processes work together with culture to solve problems of human adaptation. These processes are cast as interdependent: Development cannot be understood except in the light of evolutionary theory, and the best proof of evolution is the fact of development. For students of evolutionary psychology, all the central topics -- such as evolved mental modules for theory of mind or language -- require an understanding of the developmental processes that lead to their expression. Genes, as important as they are, are never the whole story. The role of biological factors is explored in chapters outlining evolution, development, genetics, human origins, hormones and the brain. Then, the integrative value of this evolutionary/developmental vision in understanding key topics in psychology is illustrated by applying it to traditional area of inquiry including infancy and attachment, emotions and their expression, social relations with peers, cognitive and language development, sex differences, courtship and mating, violence and aggression, and cooperation and competition.

The Rise Of Western Power

Author: Jonathan Daly
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441118519
Size: 60.90 MB
Format: PDF
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The West's history is one of extraordinary success; no other region, empire, culture, or civilization has left so powerful a mark upon the world. The Rise of Western Power charts the West's achievements-representative government, the free enterprise system, modern science, and the rule of law-as well as its misdeeds-two frighteningly destructive World Wars, the Holocaust, imperialistic domination, and the Atlantic slave trade. Adopting a global perspective, Jonathan Daly explores the contributions of other cultures and civilizations to the West's emergence. Historical, geographical, and cultural factors all unfold in the narrative. Adopting a thematic structure, the book traces the rise of Western power through a series of revolutions-social, political, technological, military, commercial, and industrial, among others. The result is a clear and engaging introduction to the history of Western civilization.

Proceedings Of Iac 2017 In Budapest

Author: group of authors
Publisher: Czech Institute of Academic Education z.s.
ISBN: 8088203023
Size: 53.35 MB
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International Academic Conference on Teaching, Learning and E-learning and International Academic Conference on Management, Economics and Marketing, Budapest, Hungary 2017 (IAC-MEM 2017 + IAC-TLEl 2017), Wednesday - Thursday, July 5 - 6, 2017

Origins Of The Social Mind

Author: Bruce J. Ellis
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 9781593851033
Size: 17.88 MB
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Applying an evolutionary framework to advance the understanding of child development, this volume brings together leading figures to contribute chapters in their areas of expertise. Researcher- and student-friendly chapters adhere to a common format.

On The Origins Of Human Emotions

Author: Jonathan Turner
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804764360
Size: 20.72 MB
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Language and culture are often seen as unique characteristics of human beings. In this book the author argues that our ability to use a wide array of emotions evolved long before spoken language and, in fact, constituted a preadaptation for the speech and culture that developed among later hominids. Long before humans could speak with words, they communicated through body language their emotional dispositions; and it is the neurological wiring of the brain for these emotional languages that represented the key evolutionary breakthrough for our species. How did natural selection work on the basic ape anatomy and neuroanatomy to create the hominid line? The author suggests that what distinguished our ancestors from other apes was the development of an increased capacity for sociality and organization, crucial for survival on the African savanna. All apes display a propensity for weak ties, individualism, mobility, and autonomy that was, and is today, useful in arboreal and woodland habitats but served them poorly when our ancestors began to move onto the African plain during the late Miocene. The challenge for natural selection was to enhance traits in the species that would foster the social ties necessary for survival in the new environment. The author suggests that the result was a development of certain areas of the primate brain that encouraged strong emotional ties, allowing our ancestors to build higher levels of social solidarity. Our basic neurological wiring continues to reflect this adaptive development. From a sociological perspective that is informed by evolutionary biology, primatology, and neurology, the book examines the current neurological bases of our emotional repertoire and their implications for our social actions.

Evolutionary Perspectives On Human Development

Author: Robert L Burgess
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761927907
Size: 24.61 MB
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Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development, Second Edition considers the role of evolutionary theory in the field of developmental psychology to examine key topics of individual human development. This unique book fills an important gap in the literature, applying evolutionary models to human development by focusing on central development issues. The book emphasizes both domain-general evolved psychological mechanisms and domain-specific processes. The text also integrates behavior-genetic research with evolutionary and developmental principles. Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Development provides state-of-the-art groundwork in evolutionary theory as viewed by leading thinkers in the field.

The Origins Of Human Potential

Author: Ken Richardson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134688903
Size: 77.39 MB
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Few scientific debates have been more protracted and intense than whether we are born with our cognitive ability, whether our environment moulds it or whether these two things interact to produce it. The Origins of Human Potential offers a new insight into the arguments by showing that many of the assumptions on both sides, are false. Ken Richardson re-examines evidence about the nature of genes in development, the environment and the development of cognitive ability and the nature of cognitive ability itself. Can it really be measured in an IQ test, like height or weight? Ken Richardson's human-centred view describes the evolutionary context of our dynamic, changeable environments and the creative individual at the heart of the debate. It will be of great relevance to psychologists and education policy makers and should be read by all those with an interest in our children's future.

Developmental Psychology Childhood Adolescence

Author: David David Reed Shaffer
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495601713
Size: 40.88 MB
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This popular, topically organized, and thoroughly updated child and adolescent development text presents you with the best theories, research, and practical advice that developmentalists have to offer today. Authors David R. Shaffer and Katherine Kipp pro

From Associations To Structure

Author: K.V. Wilson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080866604
Size: 66.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Wilson's book proposes an associationistic form of psychological theory which is opposed to the more extreme structuralist claims. It brings together a relatively novel combination of topics from psychology, computational linguistics and artificial intelligence which support a viable associationistic position.