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An Outline Of A Theory Of Civilization

Author: Yukichi Fukuzawa
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231525268
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Yukichi Fukuzawa rose from low samurai origins to become one of the finest intellectuals and social thinkers of modern Japan. Through his best-selling works, he helped transform an isolated feudal nation into a full-fledged international force. In Outline of a Theory of Civilization, the author's most sustained philosophical text, Fukuzawa translates and adapts a range of Western works for a Japanese audience, establishing the social, cultural, and political avenues through which Japan could connect with other countries. Echoing the ideas of Western contemporaries such as Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman, Fukuzawa encouraged a grassroots elevation of the individual and national spirit, as well as free initiative in the private domain. Fukuzawa's bold project articulated thoughts that, for him, bolstered the material evidence of Western civilization. He argued that the essential difference separating Western countries from Japan and Asia was the extent to which citizens acted like free and responsible individuals. This careful new translation, accompanied by a comprehensive critical introduction, highlights the truly transnational aspects of Outline of a Theory of Civilization and its status as a foundational text of modern Japanese civilization. Approaching Fukuzawa's progressive thought with a fresh eye, these scholars elucidate the monumental and peerless quality of his work.

An Encouragement Of Learning

Author: Yukichi Fukuzawa
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231536615
Size: 64.70 MB
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The intellectual and social theorist Yukichi Fukuzawa wrote An Encouragement of Learning (1872–1876) as a series of pamphlets while completing his critical masterpiece, An Outline of a Theory of Civilization (1875). These closely linked texts illustrate the core tenets of his philosophical outlook: freedom and equality as inherent to human nature, independence as the goal of any individual and nation, and the transformation of the Japanese mind as key to advancing in a rapidly evolving political and cultural world. In these essays, Fukuzawa advocated for the adoption of Western modes of education to help the Japanese people build a modern nation. He also believed that human beings' treatment of one another extended to and was reflected in their government's behavior, echoing the work of John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, and other Western thinkers in a classically structured Eastern text. This volume translates the full text into English and includes a chronology of Japanese history as it relates to Fukuzawa and his work. An introduction provides additional background on the life and influence of this profound thinker, and a selection of representative writings and suggestions for further reading fully introduce readers to the rare brilliance of his thought.

Civilization And Enlightenment

Author: Albert M. Craig
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674031081
Size: 72.56 MB
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Japan's national independence." "Moving back and forth between the ideas of Western thinkers and Fukuzawa's reinterpretations in terms of Japan's needs and cultural assumptions, Albert Craig provides a new analysis of the founding of modern Japan." --Book Jacket.

Japanese Historians And The National Myths 1600 1945

Author: John S. Brownlee
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774806459
Size: 65.92 MB
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This work examines how Japanese historians interpreted the ancient myths of Japan's origins, which lay at the core of Japanese identity and provided legitimacy for the imperial state.

Toxic Archipelago

Author: Brett L. Walker
Publisher: University of Washington Press
ISBN: 0295803010
Size: 64.50 MB
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Every person on the planet is entangled in a web of ecological relationships that link farms and factories with human consumers. Our lives depend on these relationships -- and are imperiled by them as well. Nowhere is this truer than on the Japanese archipelago. During the nineteenth century, Japan saw the rise of Homo sapiens industrialis, a new breed of human transformed by an engineered, industrialized, and poisonous environment. Toxins moved freely from mines, factory sites, and rice paddies into human bodies. Toxic Archipelago explores how toxic pollution works its way into porous human bodies and brings unimaginable pain to some of them. Brett Walker examines startling case studies of industrial toxins that know no boundaries: deaths from insecticide contaminations; poisonings from copper, zinc, and lead mining; congenital deformities from methylmercury factory effluents; and lung diseases from sulfur dioxide and asbestos. This powerful, probing book demonstrates how the Japanese archipelago has become industrialized over the last two hundred years -- and how people and the environment have suffered as a consequence.

Making A Moral Society

Author: Richard M. Reitan
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 0824832949
Size: 25.21 MB
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Presents a study of ethics in Meiji Japan (1868-1912) that explores the struggle to define a common morality for the emerging nation-state. This book considers the fluidity of moral subjectivity by juxtaposing rinrigaku texts with moral writings by religious apologists.

Crosscurrents In The Literatures Of Asia And The West

Author: Alfred Owen Aldridge
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
ISBN: 9780874136395
Size: 18.32 MB
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The essays in this volume provide a straightforward approach to East-West literary relationships, in contrast to the marginalized and Eurocentric perspectives that still dominate mainstream comparative literature.