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Anticipatory Systems

Author: Robert Rosen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483286274
Size: 46.20 MB
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The first detailed study of this most important class of systems which contain internal predictive models of themselves and/or of their environments and whose predictions are utilized for purposes of present control. This book develops the basic concept of a predictive model, and shows how it can be embedded into a system of feedforward control. Includes many examples and stresses analogies between wired-in anticipatory control and processes of learning and adaption, at both individual and social levels. Shows how the basic theory of such systems throws a new light both on analytic problems (understanding what is going on in an organism or a social system) and synthetic ones (developing forecasting methods for making individual or collective decisions).

Planning In Intelligent Systems

Author: Wout van Wezel
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471781258
Size: 28.70 MB
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The first comparative examination of planning paradigms This text begins with the principle that the ability to anticipateand plan is an essential feature of intelligent systems, whetherhuman or machine. It further assumes that better planning resultsin greater achievements. With these principles as a foundation,Planning in Intelligent Systems provides readers with the toolsneeded to better understand the process of planning and to becomebetter planners themselves. The text is divided into two parts: * Part One, "Theoretical," discusses the predominant schools ofthought in planning: psychology and cognitive science,organizational science, computer science, mathematics, artificialintelligence, and systems theory. In particular, the book examinescommonalities and differences among the goals, methods, andtechniques of these various approaches to planning. The result is abetter understanding of the process of planning through thecross-fertilization of ideas. Each chapter contains a shortintroduction that sets forth the interrelationships of that chapterto the main ideas featured in the other chapters. * Part Two, "Practical," features six chapters that center on acase study of The Netherlands Railways. Readers learn to applytheory to a real-world situation and discoverhow expanding theirrepertoire of planning methods can help solve seemingly intractableproblems. All chapters have been contributed by leading experts in thevarious schools of planning and carefully edited to ensure aconsistent high standard throughout. This book is designed to not only expand the range of planningtools used, but also to enable readers to use them moreeffectively. It challenges readers to look at new approaches andlearn from new schools of thought. Planning in Intelligent Systemsdelivers effective planning approaches for researchers, professors,students, and practitioners in artificial intelligence, computerscience, cognitive psychology, and mathematics, as well as industryplanners and managers.

Regenerative Engineering And Developmental Biology

Author: David M. Gardiner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351646494
Size: 14.59 MB
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Regenerative Engineering and Developmental Biology: Principles and Applications examines cutting-edge developments in the field of regenerative engineering. Specific attention is given to activities that embrace the importance of integrating developmental biology and tissue engineering, and how this can move beyond repairing damage to body parts to instead regenerate tissues and organs. The text furthermore focusses on the five legs of the field of regenerative engineering, including: materials, developmental biology, stem cells, physics, and clinical translation. This book was written by leading developmental biologists; each chapter examines the processes that these biologists study and how they can be advanced by using the tools available in tissue engineering/biomaterials. Individual chapters are complete with concluding remarks and thoughts on the future of regenerative engineering. A list of references is also provided to aid the reader with further research. Ultimately, this book achieves two goals. The first encourages the biomedical community to think about how inducing regeneration is an engineering problem. The second goal highlights the discoveries with animal regeneration and how these processes can be engineered to regenerate body parts. Regenerative Engineering and Developmental Biology: Principles and Applications was written with undergraduate and graduate-level biomedical engineering students and biomedical professionals in mind.

Computing Anticipatory Systems Casys 2001

Author: D. M. Dubois
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISBN:
Size: 57.21 MB
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These AIP Conference Proceedings contain the papers of the two invited speakers: "Systems with Emergent Dynamics" by Ian Stewart (UK), who received the CHAOS AWARD, and "The Role of Anticipation in Intelligent Systems" by George J. Klir (USA), who received the CASYS'01 AWARD. Second, all the papers of the authors who received a Best Paper Award, and, third, a selection of invited papers. The scope is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. Topics include Anticipatory Systems, Cybernetics and Epistemology; Mathematical System, Chaos, Anticipation and Incursion; Relativity, Quantum Physics and Quantum Computing; Intelligent Agents, Learning and Cognitive Systems; Organisation, Regulation, Management and Planning; Control Systems, Robots, Neural Nets and Agents; and Information Science Models and Anticipatory Programs.

Differentialgeometrie

Author: Wolfgang Kühnel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834896551
Size: 61.86 MB
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Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie. Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Im Laufe der Neuauflagen wurde der Text erweitert, neue Aufgaben wurden hinzugefügt und am Ende des Buches wurden zusätzliche Hinweise zur Lösung der Übungsaufgaben ergänzt. Der Text wurde für die fünfte Auflage gründlich durchgesehen und an einigen Stellen verbessert.

Die Rechenmaschine Und Das Gehirn

Author: John von Neumann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486819666
Size: 36.36 MB
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"The Computer and the Brain" war der Titel von John von Neumanns letzter hinterlassener Arbeit, in der er den wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen der Rechenmaschine und dem menschlichen Denk- und Nervensystem nachgeht. Diese Arbeit gibt ein zusammengefaßtes Zeugnis seiner eindringlichen und unorthodoxen Denkweise. John von Neumann gilt heute als einer der Pioniere der modernen Rechentechnik.