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Author: David Ward
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
ISBN: 9780838636763
Size: 23.37 MB
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This book is an in-depth analysis of three of the most crucial years in twentieth-century Italian history, the years 1943-46. After more than two decades of a Fascist regime and a disastrous war experience during which Italy changed sides, these years saw the laying of the political and cultural foundations for what has since become known as Italy's First Republic. Drawing on texts from the literature, film, journalism, and political debate of the period, Antifascisms offers a thorough survey of the personalities and positions that informed the decisions taken in this crucial phase of modern Italian history.

Transatlantic Antifascisms

Author: Michael Seidman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108284779
Size: 64.70 MB
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Antifascism has received little attention compared to its enemy. No historian or social scientist has previously attempted to define its nature and history - yet antifascism became perhaps the most powerful ideology of the twentieth century. Michael Seidman fills this gap by providing the first comprehensive study of antifascisms in Spain, France, the UK, and USA, with new interpretations of the Spanish Civil War, French Popular Front, and Second World War. He shows how two types of antifascism - revolutionary and counterrevolutionary - developed from 1936 to 1945. Revolutionary antifascism dominated the Spanish Republic during its civil war and re-emerged in Eastern Europe at the end of World War II. By contrast, counterrevolutionary antifascists were hegemonic in France, Britain, and the USA. In Western Europe, they restored conservative republics or constitutional monarchies based on Enlightenment principles. This innovative examination of antifascism will interest a wide range of scholars and students of twentieth-century history.

Rethinking Antifascism

Author: Hugo García
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1785331396
Size: 25.33 MB
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Bringing together leading scholars from a range of nations, Rethinking Antifascism provides a fascinating exploration of one of the most vibrant sub-disciplines within recent historiography. Through case studies that exemplify the field’s breadth and sophistication, it examines antifascism in two distinct realms: after surveying the movement’s remarkable diversity across nations and political cultures up to 1945, the volume assesses its postwar political and ideological salience, from its incorporation into Soviet state doctrine to its radical questioning by historians and politicians. Avoiding both heroic narratives and reflexive revisionism, these contributions offer nuanced perspectives on a movement that helped to shape the postwar world.

Remembering The German Democratic Republic

Author: D. Clarke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230349692
Size: 39.85 MB
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Memories of and attitudes to the German Democratic Republic (GDR), or East Germany, within contemporary Germany are characterized by their variety and complexity, whilst the debate over how to remember the GDR tells us a lot about how Germans see themselves and their future. This volume provides a range of international perspectives.

Shifting Memories

Author: Klaus Neumann
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472087105
Size: 61.54 MB
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A long look at how contemporary Germany is remembering the Holocaust

Italian Fascism And Antifascism

Author: Stanislao G. Pugliese
Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780719056383
Size: 14.31 MB
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When the historical significance of fascism and anti-fascism is still being debated in Italy and across Europe, this comprehensive anthology offers an unusually wide-ranging collection of Italian-language documents. It effectively in describes and depicts a wide range of voices--political, literary, and popular--that illuminate Italy's social, political, and cultural history. The contributors unveil previously unavailable documents, including letters from women to Mussolini, and antifascist graffiti from a Nazi prison in Rome.

Fear Of Freedom

Author: Carlo Levi
ISBN: 9780231139960
Size: 25.58 MB
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Carlo Levi was a painter, writer, and antifascist Italian from a Jewish family, and his political activism forced him into exile for most of the Second World War. While in exile, he wrote Christ Stopped at Eboli, a memoir, and Fear of Freedom, a philosophical meditation on humanity's flight from moral and spiritual autonomy and our resulting loss of self and creativity. Brooding on what surely appeared to be the decline, if not the fall of Europe, Levi locates the human abdication of responsibility in organized religion and its ability to turn the sacred into the sacrificial. In doing so, he references the entire intellectual and cultural estate of Western civilization, from the Bible and Greek mythology to Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. This edition features newly published pieces of Levi's artwork and the first English translation of his essay "Fear of Painting," which was appended to a later publication of the work. It also includes an introduction that discusses Levi's life and enduring legacy. Written as war clouds were gathering over Europe, Fear of Freedom not only addresses a specific moment in history and a universal, timeless condition, but it is also a powerful indictment of our contemporary moral and political failures.