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Arguments About Abortion

Author: Kate Greasley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198766785
Size: 80.42 MB
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Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion presume an answer to the question of when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late abortion but not infanticide be morally justified? These are just some of the questions this book sets out to address. With an extended analysis of the moral and legal status of abortion, Kate Greasley offers an alternative account to the reputable arguments of Ronald Dworkin and Judith Jarvis Thomson and instead brings the philosophical notion of 'personhood' to the foreground of this debate. Structured in three parts, the book will (I) consider the relevance of prenatal personhood for the moral and legal evaluation of abortion; (II) trace the key features of the conventional debate about when personhood begins and explore the most prominent issues in abortion ethics literature: the human equality problem and the difference between abortion and infanticide; and (III) examine abortion law and regulation as well as the differing attitudes to selective abortion. The book concludes with a snapshot into the current controversy surrounding the scope of the right to conscientiously object to participation in abortion provision.

Abortion Rights

Author: Kate Greasley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316762297
Size: 65.38 MB
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This book features opening arguments followed by two rounds of reply between two moral philosophers on opposing sides of the abortion debate. In the opening essays, Kate Greasley and Christopher Kaczor lay out what they take to be the best case for and against abortion rights. In the ensuing dialogue, they engage with each other's arguments and each responds to criticisms fielded by the other. Their conversational argument explores such fundamental questions as: what gives a person the right to life? Is abortion bad for women? What is the difference between abortion and infanticide? Underpinned by philosophical reasoning and methodology, this book provides opposing and clearly structured perspectives on a highly emotive and controversial issue. The result gives readers a window into how moral philosophers argue about the contentious issue of abortion rights, and an in-depth analysis of the compelling arguments on both sides.

Abortion Moral And Legal Perspectives

Author: Jay L. Garfield
Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press
ISBN: 9780870234415
Size: 35.18 MB
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Essays examine the nature of abortion, the Supreme Court's ruling on abortion, and the judicial status of the fetus.

The Anti Abortion Campaign In England 1966 1989

Author: Olivia Dee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 100031636X
Size: 28.89 MB
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This book comprises a history of the anti-abortion campaign in England, focusing on the period 1966-1989, which saw the highest concentration of anti-abortion activity during the twentieth century. It examines the tactics deployed by campaigners in their efforts to overturn the 1967 Abortion Act. Key themes include the influence of religion on attitudes towards sexuality and pregnancy; representations of women and the female body; and the varied, and often deeply contested, attitudes towards the status of the fetus articulated by both anti-abortion and pro-choice advocates during the years 1966-1989.

Defining Personhood

Author: Sarah Bishop Merrill
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 9789042005716
Size: 73.19 MB
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Many debates in biomedical ethics today involve inconsistencies in defining the key term, person. Both sides of the abortion debate, for instance, beg the question about what constitutes personhood. This book explores the arguments concerning definitions of personhood in the history of modern philosophy, and then constructs a superior model, defined in terms of distinctive features (a theoretical concept borrowed from linguistics). This model is shown to have distinct advantages over the necessary and sufficient condition models of personhood launched by essentialists. Philosophers historically have been correct about what some of the pivotal distinctive features of personhood are, e.q., rationality, communications and self-consciousness, but they have been wrong about the methodsof recognizing and asserting personhood, and about the relative importance of feelings. In clinical care, complaints often surface that care is not personal. This book aims to improve care through providing a method of attending to patients as people. Charts in the Appendices show that where physicians attended to personal features important to their patients, sometimes the patients rated the care even higher than the physician did. The book will be useful to health-care providers whose goals include improving quality of care, listening to patients, and preventing malpractice.

The Ethics Of Abortion

Author: Christopher Kaczor
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317907949
Size: 56.44 MB
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Appealing to reason rather than religious belief, this book is the most comprehensive case against the choice of abortion yet published. This Second Edition of The Ethics of Abortion critically evaluates all the major grounds for denying fetal personhood, including the views of those who defend not only abortion but also post-birth abortion. It also provides several (non-theological) justifications for the conclusion that all human beings, including those in utero, should be respected as persons. This book also critiques the view that abortion is not wrong even if the human fetus is a person. The Ethics of Abortion examines hard cases for those who are prolife, such as abortion in cases of rape or in order to save the mother’s life, as well as hard cases for defenders of abortion, such as sex selection abortion and the rationale for being "personally opposed" but publically supportive of abortion. It concludes with a discussion of whether artificial wombs might end the abortion debate. Answering the arguments of defenders of abortion, this book provides reasoned justification for the view that all intentional abortions are ethically wrong and that doctors and nurses who object to abortion should not be forced to act against their consciences. Updates and Revisions to the Second Edition include: -A response to Alberto Giubilini’s and Francesca Minerva’s now famous 2012 article, "After-Birth Abortion" in the Journal of Medical Ethics -Responses to new defenses of Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist argument -The addition of a new chapter on gradualist views of fetal moral worth, including Jeff McMahan’s Time-Relative Interest Account -The addition of a new chapter on the conscience protection for health care workers who are opposed to abortion -Responses to many critiques of the first edition, including those made by Donald Marquis, David DeGrazia, and William E. May

Abortion From The Religious And Moral Perspective

Author: George F. Johnston
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313314025
Size: 68.74 MB
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For approximately three decades, the abortion debate has polarized America. This comprehensive volume includes bibliographic citations that address the moral and religious aspects of abortion. It covers such topics as the various arguments both for and against abortion, the status of the fetus, and overviews of several religions' stances on abortion. Citations also include references on how Christianity has influenced abortion politics and law, discussions of Operation Rescue, and official statements on abortion by religious organizations.

Contemporary Moral Arguments

Author: Lewis Vaughn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 23.98 MB
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More than any other contemporary moral problems reader, Contemporary Moral Arguments focuses on the key arguments that have provoked the most debate in recent ethical issues. The book opens with two introductory chapters on critical reasoning and moral theory, which provide the basis forunderstanding and analyzing the arguments in the subsequent issues chapters (chs. 3-12). In the conventional way, these readings on ethical issues are sorted into 10 topical chapters covering issues such as abortion, sex and marriage, terrorism and torture, economic justice, etc. But the readingswithin these chapters are organized unconventionally, by argument. Each argument is introduced by a briefing that sketches the argument, provides conceptual background for it, and reviews some of the main philosophical responses to it. After the briefing come two to four essays presenting theclassic statement of the argument, critiques and defenses of it, and discussions of related debates. A wide array of pedagogical features enhances understanding:* Essay questions following each of the 28 argument sections, ideal for writing assignments* Four types of boxes throughout:* "Facts and Figures" - statistics on the social, historical and scientific aspects of the chapter's topic* "Public Opinion" - recent opinion polls tracking people's views on moral issues* "Legalities" - summaries of important court rulings and other legal matters* "Time Line" - important events relating to the topic* List of key terms at the end of each chapter, all defined in the glossary* Suggestions for further reading

Human Evolution Reproduction And Morality

Author: Lewis F. Petrinovich
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262661430
Size: 14.47 MB
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In the first volume of his ambitious trilogy, Petrinovich brings concepts from evolutionary biology, neurophysiology, and cognitive science to bear on such controversial issues as contraception, abortion, infanticide, new reproductive technologies, and fetal tissues research. Although he bases the discussion on extensive scholarly research, he does not hesitate to take a strong position on moral issues. (Published in cloth by Plenum Press, 1995)