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The Arts As A Weapon Of War

Author: Jorn Weingartner
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 085773900X
Size: 17.77 MB
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In 1834, Lord Melbourne spoke the words that epitomised the British government's attitude towards its own involvement in the arts: 'God help the minister that meddles with Art'. However, with the outbreak of World War II, that attitude changed dramatically when ‘cultural policy’ became a key element of the domestic front. Not only a propaganda tool, it aimed to boost morale and present a wartime cultural black-out. Jörn Weingärtner traces the evolution of this policy from the creation of the Committee for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts (CEMA), in 1939, to the drafting of the Arts Council’s constitution in 1945, as CEMA outgrew its original wartime role. From the improvement of the National Gallery to Myra Hess's legendary concerts during the blitz, this was a crucial period in Britain’s cultural history - as the government set aside its long-standing ‘neutrality’ towards the arts. Weingärtner engages with debate over the role of war in moulding social development, as well as the democratisation of ‘high culture’, to provide a fascinating account of the foundations of the modern relationship between government and the arts.

Museums In The Second World War

Author: Catherine Pearson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351702548
Size: 52.19 MB
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Exploring the role of museums, galleries and curators during the upheaval of the Second World War, this book challenges the accepted view of a hiatus in museum services during the conflict and its immediate aftermath. Instead it argues that new thinking in the 1930s was realised in a number of promising initiatives during the war only to fail during the fragmented post-war recovery. Based on new research including interviews with retired museum staff, letters, diaries, museum archives and government records, this study reveals a complex picture of both innovation and inertia. At the outbreak of war precious objects were stored away and staff numbers reduced, but although many museums were closed, others successfully campaigned to remain open. By providing innovative modern exhibitions and education initiatives they became popular and valued venues for the public. After the war, however, museums returned to their more traditional, collections-centred approach and failed to negotiate the public funding needed for reconstruction based on this narrower view of their role. Hence, in the longer term, the destruction and economic and social consequences of the conflict served to delay aspirations for reconstruction until the 1960s. Through this lens, the history of the museum in the mid-twentieth century appears as one shaped by the effects of war but equally determined by the input of curators, audiences and the state. The museum thus emerges not as an isolated institution concerned only with presenting the past but as a product of the changing conflicts and cultures within society.

British Writing Of The Second World War

Author: Mark Rawlinson
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198184560
Size: 42.24 MB
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This detailed survey of British literary culture during World War Two explores the significance of cultural representations of violence with regard to the war effort & evaluates wartime writing in the context of official and unofficial discourses

The Origins Of Air War

Author: Robert F. Grattan
Publisher: Tauris Academic Studies
Size: 42.60 MB
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Air power has come to be seen as a country’s first line of defense; in the First World War views were vastly different. Aircraft were a novelty not always welcomed by the traditionalist military, and there were no tactics, doctrine or strategies available for the deployment of air power. Yet, within four years, proponents of the new force were making claims, often extravagant, of what aircraft could achieve. Here Robert Grattan traces the remarkable history of the emergence of air power as a force to reckon with, and its dramatic impact on military strategy. He discusses the details of aircrafts, their engines and manufacture--including the Fokker, Bristol Fighter, the Zeppelin and the DH2--the weaponry and prominent figures, such as Albert Ball and Werner Voss. The Origins of Air War is indispensable for military historians, aviation and military enthusiasts as well as those interested in strategy.

Ruskin The Theatre And Victorian Visual Culture

Author: Anselm Heinrich
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230200593
Size: 40.39 MB
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This collection of essays sets out to challenge the dominant narrative about Victorian theatre by placing the practices and products of the Victorian theatre in relation to Victorian visual culture, through the lens of the concept of 'Ruskinian theatre,' an approach to theatre which values its educative purpose as well as its aesthetic expression.

Alan Turing Enigma

Author: Andrew Hodges
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783211826270
Size: 69.62 MB
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Alan Turing, Enigma ist die Biographie des legendAren britischen Mathematikers, Logikers, Kryptoanalytikers und Computerkonstrukteurs Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954). Turing war einer der bedeutendsten Mathematiker dieses Jahrhunderts und eine hAchst exzentrische PersAnlichkeit. Er gilt seit seiner 1937 erschienenen Arbeit "On Computable Numbers," in der er das Prinzip des abstrakten Universalrechners entwickelte, als der Erfinder des Computers. Er legte auch die Grundlagen fA1/4r das heute "KA1/4nstliche Intelligenz" genannte Forschungsgebiet. Turings zentrale Frage "Kann eine Maschine denken?" war das Motiv seiner Arbeit und wird die SchlA1/4sselfrage des Umgangs mit dem Computer werden. Die bis 1975 geheimgehaltene TAtigkeit Turings fA1/4r den britischen Geheimdienst, die zur EntschlA1/4sselung des deutschen Funkverkehrs fA1/4hrte, trug entscheidend zum Verlauf und Ausgang des Zweiten Weltkriegs bei.