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Casualties Of Care

Author: Miriam I. Ticktin
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520950534
Size: 18.60 MB
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This book explores the unintended consequences of compassion in the world of immigration politics. Miriam Ticktin focuses on France and its humanitarian immigration practices to argue that a politics based on care and protection can lead the state to view issues of immigration and asylum through a medical lens. Examining two "regimes of care"—humanitarianism and the movement to stop violence against women—Ticktin asks what it means to permit the sick and sexually violated to cross borders while the impoverished cannot? She demonstrates how in an inhospitable immigration climate, unusual pathologies can become the means to residency papers, making conditions like HIV, cancer, and select experiences of sexual violence into distinct advantages for would-be migrants. Ticktin’s analysis also indicts the inequalities forged by global capitalism that drive people to migrate, and the state practices that criminalize the majority of undocumented migrants at the expense of care for the exceptional few.

Humanitarianism

Author: Tim Allen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135355126
Size: 38.46 MB
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The field of humanitarianism is characterised by profound uncertainty, by a constant need to respond to the unpredictable, and by concepts and practices that often defy simple or straightforward explanation. Humanitarians often find themselves not just engaged in the pursuit of effective action, but also in a quest for meaning. That is the starting point for this book. Humanitarian action has in recent years confronted geopolitical challenges that have upended much of its conventional modus operandi and presented threats to its foundational assumptions and legal frameworks. The critical interrogation of the purpose, practice and future of humanitarian action has yielded a rich new field of enquiry, humanitarian studies, and many thoughtful books, articles and reports. So, the question arose as to the most useful way to provide a critical overview that might serve to bring some definitional clarity as well as analytical rigor to the waves of critique and shifting sands of humanitarian action. Humanitarianism: A Dictionary of Concepts provides an authoritative analysis that attempts to rethink, rather than merely problematize or define the issues at stake in contemporary humanitarian debates. It is an important moment to do so. Just about every tenet of humanitarianism is currently open to question as never before.

Human Rights And Humanitarian Intervention

Author: Norbert Frei
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 3835340875
Size: 77.38 MB
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Wie Menschenrechte zu einer Legitimationsgrundlage für militärische Interventionen wurden. Die Balkankriege der neunziger Jahre, der Völkermord in Ruanda und die Darfur-Krise dienten als Katalysatoren einer Debatte, die die Koordinaten internationaler Politik und des Völkerrechts nachhaltig verändert hat: Der Verweis auf humanitäre Notlagen und Menschenrechtsverletzungen wurde zu einem der zugkräftigsten Argumente, um Eingriffe einzelner Staaten oder Staatenbündnisse auf fremdem Territorium zu legitimieren. Die dadurch angestoßene Neuverhandlung internationaler Normen ging einher mit einer Relativierung des Souveränitätsprinzips und des Gewaltverbots. Der Aufstieg des sogenannten »New Humanitarianism" während der neunziger Jahre war nicht zuletzt das Resultat politischer und kultureller Wandlungsprozesse, deren Wurzeln in der Zeit vor dem Ende der bipolaren Weltordnung lagen. Die Aushöhlung des Unparteilichkeitsgebots humanitärer Akteure, der Aktivismus einer Neuen Linken und die Entstehung einer neuen Ethik der Dringlichkeit haben die Formen und Ziele des Humanitarismus grundlegend verändert. Der Band nimmt gleichermaßen die Rolle von Regierungen, suprastaatliche und nichtstaatliche Akteure wie NGOs, Medien und Sozialwissenschaften in den Blick.

The Borders Of Europe

Author: Nicholas De Genova
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822372665
Size: 54.24 MB
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In recent years the borders of Europe have been perceived as being besieged by a staggering refugee and migration crisis. The contributors to The Borders of "Europe" see this crisis less as an incursion into Europe by external conflicts than as the result of migrants exercising their freedom of movement. Addressing the new technologies and technical forms European states use to curb, control, and constrain what contributors to the volume call the autonomy of migration, this book shows how the continent's amorphous borders present a premier site for the enactment and disputation of the very idea of Europe. They also outline how from Istanbul to London, Sweden to Mali, and Tunisia to Latvia, migrants are finding ways to subvert visa policies and asylum procedures while negotiating increasingly militarized and surveilled borders. Situating the migration crisis within a global frame and attending to migrant and refugee supporters as well as those who stoke nativist fears, this timely volume demonstrates how the enforcement of Europe’s borders is an important element of the worldwide regulation of human mobility. Contributors. Ruben Andersson, Nicholas De Genova, Dace Dzenovska, Evelina Gambino, Glenda Garelli, Charles Heller, Clara Lecadet, Souad Osseiran, Lorenzo Pezzani, Fiorenza Picozza, Stephan Scheel, Maurice Stierl, Laia Soto Bermant, Martina Tazzioli

At The Limits Of Justice

Author: Suvendrini Perera
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442616466
Size: 44.83 MB
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The fear and violence that followed the events of September 11, 2001 touched lives all around the world, even in places that few would immediately associate with the global war on terror. In At the Limits of Justice, twenty-nine contributors from six countries explore the proximity of terror in their own lives and in places ranging from Canada and the United States to Jamaica, Palestine/Israel, Australia, Guyana, Chile, Pakistan, and across the African continent. In this collection, female scholars of colour – including leading theorists on issues of indigeneity, race, and feminism – examine the political, social, and personal repercussions of the war on terror through contributions that range from testimony and poetry to scholarly analysis. Inspired by both the personal and the global impact of this violence within the war on terror, they expose the way in which the war on terror is presented as a distant and foreign issue at the same time that it is deeply present in the lives of women and others all around the world. An impassioned but rigorous examination of issues of race and gender in contemporary politics, At the Limits of Justice is also a call to create moral communities which will find terror and violence unacceptable.

Starve And Immolate

Author: Banu Bargu
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231538111
Size: 20.24 MB
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Starve and Immolate tells the story of leftist political prisoners in Turkey who waged a deadly struggle against the introduction of high security prisons by forging their lives into weapons. Weaving together contemporary and critical political theory with political ethnography, Banu Bargu analyzes the death fast struggle as an exemplary though not exceptional instance of self-destructive practices that are a consequence of, retort to, and refusal of the increasingly biopolitical forms of sovereign power deployed around the globe. Bargu chronicles the experiences, rituals, values, beliefs, ideological self-representations, and contentions of the protestors who fought cellular confinement against the background of the history of Turkish democracy and the treatment of dissent in a country where prisons have become sites of political confrontation. A critical response to Michel Foucault's Discipline and Punish, Starve and Immolate centers on new forms of struggle that arise from the asymmetric antagonism between the state and its contestants in the contemporary prison. Bargu ultimately positions the weaponization of life as a bleak, violent, and ambivalent form of insurgent politics that seeks to wrench the power of life and death away from the modern state on corporeal grounds and in increasingly theologized forms. Drawing attention to the existential commitment, sacrificial morality, and militant martyrdom that transforms these struggles into a complex amalgam of resistance, Bargu explores the global ramifications of human weapons' practices of resistance, their possibilities and limitations.