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Cell Line Development

Author: Mohamed Al-Rubeai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048122455
Size: 60.84 MB
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Mammalian cell lines command an effective monopoly for the production of therapeutic proteins that require post-translational modifications. This unique advantage outweighs the costs associated with mammalian cell culture, which are far grater in terms of development time and manufacturing when compared to microbial culture. The development of cell lines has undergone several advances over the years, essentially to meet the requirement to cut the time and costs associated with using such a complex hosts as production platforms. This book provides a comprehensive guide to the methodology involved in the development of cell lines and the cell engineering approach that can be employed to enhance productivity, improve cell function, glycosylation and secretion and control apoptosis. It presents an overall picture of the current topics central to expression engineering including such topics as epigenetics and the use of technologies to overcome positional dependent inactivation, the use of promoter and enhancer sequences for expression of various transgenes, site directed engineering of defined chromosomal sites, and examination of the role of eukaryotic nucleus as the controller of expression of genes that are introduced for production of a desired product. It includes a review of selection methods for high producers and an application developed by a major biopharmaceutical industry to expedite the cell line development process. The potential of cell engineering approch to enhance cell lines through the manipulation of single genes that play important roles in key metabolic and regulatory pathways is also explored throughout.

Cell Culture Technology For Pharmaceutical And Cell Based Therapies

Author: Sadettin Ozturk
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849351068
Size: 77.66 MB
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Edited by two of the most distinguished pioneers in genetic manipulation and bioprocess technology, this bestselling reference presents a comprehensive overview of current cell culture technology used in the pharmaceutical industry. Contributions from several leading researchers showcase the importance of gene discovery and genomic technology development in the production of biotechnology products, tissue engineering, and cell-based therapies. Offering detailed guidance, they cover the steps leading up to the creation of viable therapies including host cell selection, cloning and gene amplification, bioreactor design and operation, protein purification, optimization, scale-up, and facility design.

Industrial Biotechnology

Author: Christoph Wittmann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527341811
Size: 62.99 MB
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The latest volume in the Advanced Biotechnology series provides an overview of the main product classes and platform chemicals produced by biotechnological processes today, with applications in the food, healthcare and fine chemical industries. Alongside the production of drugs and flavors as well as amino acids, bio-based monomers and polymers and biofuels, basic insights are also given as to the biotechnological processes yielding such products and how large-scale production may be enabled and improved. Of interest to biotechnologists, bio and chemical engineers, as well as those working in the biotechnological, chemical, and food industries.

Cell Engineering

Author: Mohamed Al-Rubeai
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402022174
Size: 12.98 MB
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The series "Cell Engineering" is the first and only major reference work on the development of cellular systems for the production of recombinant glycoproteins, gene and cell therapies, drug screening and tissue engineering. This volume on "Apoptosis" is intended to review the state-of-the-art with in-depth assessments of this type of programmed cell death. The aim of the volume is to make the recent developments in apoptotic research readily accessible to biologists, biotechnologists and cellular engineers. The implication of apoptosis in the suppression of diseases and prolonging survival of cells in culture is presented to indicate the great potential of apoptotic research for drug production and the development of human therapies. All chapters are written as self-contained treatments of the important topics in apoptosis that are presented on an essential information basis. Topics covered range from understanding the role of signalling and effector molecules, mathematical modelling of cell death, RNAi tools in apoptosis research, to monitoring and imaging of apoptosis. This volume will be an invaluable resource for biotechnologists and researchers in apoptosis, cell biology, cell culture and molecular medicine.

Cell Culture Engineering

Author: Wei-Shu Hu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540340076
Size: 17.78 MB
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Since the introduction of recombinant human growth hormone and insulin a quarter century ago, protein therapeutics has greatly broadened the ho- zon of health care. Many patients suffering with life-threatening diseases or chronic dysfunctions, which were medically untreatable not long ago, can attest to the wonder these drugs have achieved. Although the ?rst generation of p- tein therapeutics was produced in recombinant Escherichia coli, most recent products use mammalian cells as production hosts. Not long after the ?rst p- duction of recombinant proteins in E. coli, it was realized that the complex tasks of most post-translational modi?cations on proteins could only be ef?ciently carried out in mammalian cells. In the 1990s, we witnessed a rapid expansion of mammalian-cell-derived protein therapeutics, chie?y antibodies. In fact, it has been nearly a decade since the market value of mammalian-cell-derived protein therapeutics surpassed that of those produced from E. coli. A common characteristic of recent antibody products is the relatively large dose required for effective therapy, demanding larger quantities for the treatment of a given disease. This, coupled with the broadening repertoire of protein drugs, has rapidly expanded the quantity needed for clinical applications. The increasing demand for protein therapeutics has not been met exclusively by construction of new manufacturing plants and increasing total volume capacity. More - portantly the productivity of cell culture processes has been driven upward by an order of magnitude in the past decade.

Development And Engineering Of Dopamine Neurons

Author: Jeroen Pasterkamp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441903228
Size: 57.39 MB
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Theneurotransmitter dopamine has just celebrated its 50thbirthday. The discovery of dopamine as a neuronal entity in the late 1950s and the notion that it serves in neurotransmission has been a milestone in the field of neuroscience research. This milestone marked the beginning of an era that explored the brain as an integrated collection of neuronal systems that one could distinguish on basis of neurotransm- ter identities, and importantly, in which one started to be able to pinpoint the seat of brain disease. The mesodiencephalic dopaminergic (mdDA) system, previously designated as midbraindopaminergic system, has received much attention since its discovery. The initial identification of dopamine as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system (CNS) and its relevance to psychiatric and neurological disorders have stimulated a plethora of neurochemical, pharmacological and genetic studies into the function of dopamine neurons and theirprojections. In the last decade, studies on gene expression and development have further increased the knowledge of this neuronal population and have unmasked a new level of complexity. The start of the molecular dissection of the mdDA system has been marked by the cloning and characterization ofNurrl and Pitx3. These transcription factors were shown to have a critical function during mdDA development. These initial studies have been followed by the identification of many other proteins, which have a crucial function in the creation of a dopamine neuron permissive region, induction of precursors, induction of terminaldifferent- tion and finally maintenance of the mdDA neuronal pool.

8th International Conference On Cell Stem Cell Engineering Icce

Author: Alicia el Haj
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642190448
Size: 37.58 MB
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This volume presents selected peer-reviewed papers of the 8th International Conference on Cell & Stem Cell Engineering (ICCM) 2010 in Dublin. The contributions are written by leading scientists in Cell and Stem Cell Engineering and the topics of the papers include: Computational Cell Mechanics Experimental techniques in Cell Mechanics Molecular and Cell Imaging Cell Matrix Interactions Mechanotransduction and cell mechanics Cell sensing Cell processing Artificial cells Stem cell niche Cell Networks

Animal Cell Culture And Technology

Author: Michael Butler
Publisher: Garland Science
ISBN: 1135325375
Size: 57.87 MB
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Animal cell culture is an important laboratory technique in the biological and medical sciences. It has become an essential tool for the study of most biochemical and physiological processes and the use of large-scale animal cell culture has become increasingly important to the commercial production of specific compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. This book describes the basic requirements for establishing and maintaining cell cultures both in the laboratory and in large-scale operations. Minimal background knowledge of the subject is assumed and therefore it will be a readable introduction to animal cell culture for undergraduates, graduates and experienced researchers. Reflecting the latest developments and trends in the field, the new topics include the latest theory of the biological clock of cell lines, the development of improved serum-free media formulations, the increased understanding of the importance and control of protein glycosylation, and the humanization of antibodies for therapeutic use.

Software Engineering And Knowledge Engineering Theory And Practice

Author: Yanwen Wu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642253490
Size: 75.74 MB
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The volume includes a set of selected papers extended and revised from the I2009 Pacific-Asia Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Software Engineering (KESE 2009) was held on December 19~ 20, 2009, Shenzhen, China. Volume 2 is to provide a forum for researchers, educators, engineers, and government officials involved in the general areas of Knowledge Engineering and Communication Technology to disseminate their latest research results and exchange views on the future research directions of these fields. 135 high-quality papers are included in the volume. Each paper has been peer-reviewed by at least 2 program committee members and selected by the volume editor Prof.Yanwen Wu. On behalf of the this volume, we would like to express our sincere appreciation to all of authors and referees for their efforts reviewing the papers. Hoping you can find lots of profound research ideas and results on the related fields of Knowledge Engineering and Communication Technology.