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Challenges Of Party Building In Latin America

Author: Steven Levitsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107145945
Size: 59.30 MB
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Nearly four decades since the onset of the third wave, political parties remain weak in Latin America: parties have collapsed in much of the region, and most new party-building efforts have failed. Why do some new parties succeed while most fail? This book challenges the widespread belief that democracy and elections naturally give rise to strong parties and argues that successful party-building is more likely to occur under conditions of intense conflict than under routine democracy. Periods of revolution, civil war, populist mobilization, or authoritarian repression crystalize partisan attachments, create incentives for organization-building, and generate a 'higher cause' that attracts committed activists. Empirically rich chapters cover diverse cases from across Latin America, including both successful and failed cases.

Party Systems In Latin America

Author: Scott Mainwaring
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316814610
Size: 43.95 MB
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Based on contributions from leading scholars, this study generates a wealth of new empirical information about Latin American party systems. It also contributes richly to major theoretical and comparative debates about the effects of party systems on democratic politics, and about why some party systems are much more stable and predictable than others. Party Systems in Latin America builds on, challenges, and updates Mainwaring and Timothy Scully's seminal Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America (1995), which re-oriented the study of democratic party systems in the developing world. It is essential reading for scholars and students of comparative party systems, democracy, and Latin American politics. It shows that a stable and predictable party system facilitates important democratic processes and outcomes, but that building and maintaining such a party system has been the exception rather than the norm in contemporary Latin America.

Life After Dictatorship

Author: James Loxton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108426670
Size: 31.54 MB
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Launches a new research agenda on one of the most common but overlooked features of the democratization experience worldwide: authoritarian successor parties.

Building Democratic Institutions Party Systems In Latin America

Author:
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 9780804765374
Size: 54.68 MB
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"Third, the authors investigate the relationship between major parties and the state, revealing the extent to which parties are dependent on state resources to maintain power and win votes. Fourth, the contributions assess the importance of different electoral regimes for shaping broader patterns of party competition. Finally, and most important, the authors characterize the nature of the party system in each country - how institutionalized it is and how it can be classified."--BOOK JACKET.

The Third Wave Of Democratization In Latin America

Author: Frances Hagopian
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445603
Size: 79.17 MB
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The late twentieth century witnessed the birth of an impressive number of new democracies in Latin America. This wave of democratization since 1978 has been by far the broadest and most durable in the history of Latin America, but many of the resulting democratic regimes also suffer from profound deficiencies. What caused democratic regimes to emerge and survive? What are their main achievements and shortcomings? This volume offers an ambitious and comprehensive overview of the unprecedented advances as well as the setbacks in the post-1978 wave of democratization. It seeks to explain the sea change from a region dominated by authoritarian regimes to one in which openly authoritarian regimes are the rare exception, and it analyzes why some countries have achieved striking gains in democratization while others have experienced erosions. The book presents general theoretical arguments about what causes and sustains democracy and analyses of nine compelling country cases.

Eroding Military Influence In Brazil

Author: Wendy Hunter
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807846209
Size: 20.34 MB
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"Major reconsideration of civil-military relations in post-authoritarian Brazil uses case studies of labor rights, federal budgeting, and control over Amazonia to argue that logic of competitive politics allowed civilian politicians to gradually erode military influence. Well researched and documented"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

Presidential Impeachment And The New Political Instability In Latin America

Author: Aníbal Pérez-Liñán
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521869423
Size: 66.97 MB
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For two decades, students of presidentialism have argued that extreme executive-legislative conflict ignites military interventions. However, in recent years many Latin American presidents have been removed from office without democratic breakdowns. This book addresses the emerging paradox of unstable governments in the midst of stable democracies.