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Cognitive Approaches To Automated Instruction

Author: J. Wesley Regian
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134766017
Size: 48.36 MB
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Useful to researchers as well as practitioners looking for guidance on designing automated instruction systems, this book provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in this research area. In so doing, it focuses on the two critical problems: first, diagnosis of the student's current level of understanding or performance; and second, selection of the appropriate intervention that will transition the student toward expert performance. Containing a comprehensive set of principled approaches to automated instruction, diagnosis, and remediation, it is the first volume on the topic to provide specific, detailed guidance on how to develop these systems. Leading researchers and practitioners represented in this book address the following questions in each chapter: * What is your approach to cognitive diagnosis for automated instruction? * What is the theoretical basis of your approach? * What data support the utility of the approach? * What is the range of applicability of your approach? * What knowledge engineering or task analysis methods are required to support your approach? Referring to automated instruction as instruction that is delivered on any microprocessor-based system, the contributors to -- and editors of -- this book believe that is it possible for automated instructional systems to be more effective than they currently are. Specifically, they argue that by using artificial intelligence programming techniques, it is possible for automated instructional systems to emulate the desirable properties of human tutors in one-on-one instruction.

The Influence Of Technology On Engineering Education

Author: John R. Bourne
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849326394
Size: 17.11 MB
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"This book is the outcome of a National Science Foundation study entitled: 'Paradigm Shifts in Engineering Education: The Influence of Technology,' SED-9253002. The overall objective of this study was to forecast which of the various possible futures in engineering education were most promising to pursue. The first part of the book contains a series of critical review papers that survey the state-of-the-art in various aspects of engineering education and attempts to look at the future to determine directions for future directions for engineering education. The second part of the book contains data and summaries from meetings held by focus groups convened to discuss possible alternative forecasts." -From the Editor's Note

Simulation Based Experiential Learning

Author: Douglas M. Towne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642785395
Size: 44.39 MB
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In October of 1992 an assembly of researchers in simulation and computer models for instruction convened in Bonas, France, to learn from one another in a non-automated environment. The event was the Advanced Research Workshop entitled The Use of Computer Models for Explication, Analysis, and Experiential Learning. Sponsored by the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO, this workshop brought together 29 leading experts in the field loosely described as instruction and learning in simulation environments. The three-day workshop was organized in a manner to maximize exchange of knowledge, of beliefs, and of issues. The participants came from six countries with experiences to share, with opinions to voice, and with questions to explore. Starting some weeks prior to the workshop, the exchange included presentation of the scientific papers, discussions immediately following each presentation, and informal discussions outside the scheduled meeting times. Naturally, the character and content of the workshop was determined by the backgrounds and interests of the participants. One objective in drawing together these particular specialists was to achieve a congress with coherent diversity, i.e., we sought individuals who could view an emerging area from different perspectives yet had produced work of interest to many. Major topic areas included theories of instruction being developed or tested, use of multiple domain models to enhance understanding, experiential learning environments, modelling diagnostic environments, tools for authoring complex models, and case studies from industry.

Basic And Applied Memory Research

Author: Douglas J. Herrmann
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134785267
Size: 62.55 MB
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Basic researchers unlock the secrets of nature; applied researchers unlock the means by which those secrets of nature can change people's lives. Neither basic nor applied research has an independent impact. These volumes examine the convergence of basic and applied research in the field of memory. Volume 1: Theory and Context, focuses on the methods for understanding and applying basic memory theory, while Volume 2: Practical Applications, expands the understanding of practical memory research by providing in-depth research examples and findings. If the science of memory is to make a significant contribution to society, coordinating our basic and applied efforts and determining how they complement each other become of paramount importance. These volumes will help in this regard--both as textbooks demonstrating how to investigate memory and apply basic memory theory, and as reference sources leading to a better understanding of certain problems in basic and applied memory research. Readers of these volumes will gain a thorough grasp of the way major themes relate to basic and applied research collaboration, how programmatic basic and applied research can be conducted on particular memory problems, and the manner in which basic and applied work in major problem areas has been incorporated into the field of memory. Both volumes present important information that will be indispensable to researchers and students alike.

Training Retraining

Author: Sigmund Tobias
Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference
ISBN: 9780028974156
Size: 69.59 MB
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An overview of research in the field of corporate training. Sponsored by the American Psychological Association, it contains contributions from professionals in the academic, government and business worlds. It brings together published findings and best practice examples, showing trainers how to apply educational psychology in their work whilst educating psychologists on the special problems and concerns faced by trainers today. Articles cover ad hoc training practices and cost and effectiveness assessments, relevant technologies such as telecommunications and computer applications, instructional tatics and strategies and much more.

Handbook Of Automated Essay Evaluation

Author: Mark D. Shermis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136334793
Size: 13.92 MB
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This comprehensive, interdisciplinary handbook reviews the latest methods and technologies used in automated essay evaluation (AEE) methods and technologies. Highlights include the latest in the evaluation of performance-based writing assessments and recent advances in the teaching of writing, language testing, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics. This greatly expanded follow-up to Automated Essay Scoring reflects the numerous advances that have taken place in the field since 2003 including automated essay scoring and diagnostic feedback. Each chapter features a common structure including an introduction and a conclusion. Ideas for diagnostic and evaluative feedback are sprinkled throughout the book. Highlights of the book’s coverage include: The latest research on automated essay evaluation. Descriptions of the major scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM Engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Applications of the uses of the technology including a large scale system used in West Virginia. A systematic framework for evaluating research and technological results. Descriptions of AEE methods that can be replicated for languages other than English as seen in the example from China. Chapters from key researchers in the field. The book opens with an introduction to AEEs and a review of the "best practices" of teaching writing along with tips on the use of automated analysis in the classroom. Next the book highlights the capabilities and applications of several scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Here readers will find an actual application of the use of an AEE in West Virginia, psychometric issues related to AEEs such as validity, reliability, and scaling, and the use of automated scoring to detect reader drift, grammatical errors, discourse coherence quality, and the impact of human rating on AEEs. A review of the cognitive foundations underlying methods used in AEE is also provided. The book concludes with a comparison of the various AEE systems and speculation about the future of the field in light of current educational policy. Ideal for educators, professionals, curriculum specialists, and administrators responsible for developing writing programs or distance learning curricula, those who teach using AEE technologies, policy makers, and researchers in education, writing, psychometrics, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics, this book also serves as a reference for graduate courses on automated essay evaluation taught in education, computer science, language, linguistics, and cognitive psychology.

Handbook Of Research For Educational Communications And Technology

Author: David H. Jonassen
Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference
ISBN:
Size: 56.61 MB
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Examines the use of technologies to facilitate teaching and learning as well as the design of instruction and learning environments. Outlines the breadth of issues, theories, and methods that define the field of education, educational communications, and technology; describes the theoretical and intellectual foundations for the methods and models that researchers and designed use to develop and criticize the research and products; and summarizes and critiques the base of research studies on hard technologies. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR