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Cognitive Neuroscience Of Aging Linking Cognitive And Cerebral Aging

Author: Roberto Cabeza Center for Cognitive Neuroscience Duke University
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198035616
Size: 55.49 MB
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Until very recently, our knowledge about the neural basis of cognitive aging was based on two disciplines that had very little contact with each other. Whereas the neuroscience of aging investigated the effects of aging on the brain independently of age-related changes in cognition, the cognitive psychology of aging investigated the effects of aging on cognition independently of age-related changes in the brain. The lack of communication between these two disciplines is currently being addressed by an increasing number of studies that focus on the relationships between cognitive aging and cerebral aging. This rapidly growing body of research has come to constitute a new discipline, which may be called cognitive neuroscience of aging. The goal of Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging is to introduce the reader to this new discipline at a level that is useful to both professionals and students in the domains of cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and other, related areas. This book is divided into four main sections. The first section describes noninvasive measures of cerebral aging, including structural (e.g., volumetric MRI), chemical (e.g., dopamine PET), electrophysiological (e.g., ERPs), and hemodynamic (e.g., fMRI), and discusses how they can be linked to behavioral measures of cognitive aging. The second section reviews evidence for the effects of aging on neural activity during different cognitive functions, including perception and attention, imagery, working memory, long-term memory, and prospective memory. The third section focuses on clinical and applied topics, such as the distinction between healthy aging and Alzheimers disease and the use of cognitive training to ameliorate age-related cognitive decline. The last section describes theories that relate cognitive and cerebral aging, including models accounting for functional neuroimaging evidence and models supported by computer simulations. Taken together, the chapters in this volume provide the first unified and comprehensive overview of the new discipline of cognitive neuroscience of aging.

Cognitive Neuroscience Of Aging

Author: Roberto Cabeza
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190660236
Size: 24.35 MB
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This second edition of the popular Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging provides up-to-date coverage of the most fundamental topics in this discipline. Like the first edition, this volume accessibly and comprehensively reviews the neural mechanisms of cognitive aging appropriate to both professionals and students in a variety of domains, including psychology, neuroscience, neuropsychology, neurology, and psychiatry. The chapters are organized into three sections. The first section focuses on major questions regarding methodological approaches and experimental design. It includes chapters on structural imaging (MRI, DTI), functional imaging (fMRI), and molecular imaging (dopamine PET, etc), and covers multimodal imaging, longitudinal studies, and the interpretation of imaging findings. The second section concentrates on specific cognitive abilities, including attention and inhibitory control, executive functions, memory, and emotion. The third section turns to domains with health and clinical implications, such as the emergence of cognitive deficits in middle age, the role of genetics, the effects of modulatory variables (hypertension, exercise, cognitive engagement), and the distinction between healthy aging and the effects of dementia and depression. Taken together, the chapters in this volume, written by many of the most eminent scientists as well as young stars in this discipline, provide a unified and comprehensive overview of cognitive neuroscience of aging.

Ageing Cognition And Neuroscience Envejecimiento Cognici N Y Neurociencia

Author: Soledad BALLESTEROS JIMÉNEZ
Publisher: Editorial UNED
ISBN: 8436267613
Size: 22.42 MB
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La ciencia conductual, la ciencia cognitiva y la neurociencia están realizando grandes progresos en la comprensión de los cambios cognitivos que se producen durante el proceso de envejecimiento. Especialistas de distintos campos, tales como la psicología conductual y cognitiva y las neurociencias, que están investigando en un número de áreas diferentes, fueron invitados a participar en este volumen. Estas áreas incluyen el estudio de los mecanismos básicos que explican el declive cognitivo asociado a la edad, los procesos mentales (percepción, atención, memoria, razonamiento y lenguaje), los cambios neurológicos que ocurren a nivel molecular y celular que influyen en el funcionamiento mental durante el ciclo vital, los cambios cerebrales y conductuales asociados a la edad que se producen en las enfermedades neurodegenerativas, tales como la enfermedad de Alzheimer, métodos experimentales y clínicos e intervenciones sociales.

Handbook Of Cognitive Aging

Author: Scott M. Hofer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 145227892X
Size: 14.14 MB
Format: PDF
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"Provides a unique perspective. I am particularly impressed with the sections on innovative design and methods to investigate cognitive aging and the integrative perspectives. None of the existing texts covers this material to the same level." —Donna J. La Voie, Saint Louis University "The emphasis on integrating the literature with theoretical and methodological innovations could have a far-reaching impact on the field." —Deb McGinnis, Oakland University The Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives clarifies the differences in patterns and processes of cognitive aging. Along with a comprehensive review of current research, editors Scott M. Hofer and Duane F. Alwin provide a solid foundation for building a multidisciplinary agenda that will stimulate further rigorous research into these complex factors. Key Features Gathers the widest possible range of perspectives by including cognitive aging experts in various disciplines while maintaining a degree of unity across chapters Examines the limitations of the extant literature, particularly in research design and measurement, and offers new suggestions to guide future research Highlights the broad scope of the field with topics ranging from demography to development to neuroscience, offering the most complete coverage available on cognitive aging

The Oxford Handbook Of Attention

Author: Anna C. Nobre
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191662607
Size: 58.72 MB
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During the last three decades there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, and computational modelling. The book is divided into six main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, The Oxford Handbook of Attention begins by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention related disorders and on computational models of attention. A final epilogue chapter written by Nobre and Kastner summarizes the questions, methods, findings, and emerging principles of contemporary attention research. For both scholars and students, The Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.

Annual Review Of Gerontology And Geriatrics Volume 27 2007

Author: Leonard W. Poon, PhD, DPhil
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826115386
Size: 55.47 MB
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Though exceptional human longevity has captured the imagination for millennia, it has been only in the past fifteen years or so that some of the secrets to very long lives are finally giving way to scientific inquiry. Written by an international group of experts, this year's review first considers the methodological and design dilemmas faced in conducting centenarian research. It then offers guidance in locating literature and data sources for primary and secondary information on centenarians and the oldest old. This section includes a list of the world's oldest persons and discusses the difficulties in compiling such a list. The remainder of the review is divided in three sections-the biology and genetics of longevity, the behavioral and social predictors of longevity, and methodological issues in qualitative and anthropologic approaches and the study of the very oldest old, supercentenarians, or those who live to 110 years or more. Data is drawn from studies undertaken among populations in diverse parts of the world.

The Handbook Of Sport Neuropsychology

Author: Frank Webbe
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826115721
Size: 67.56 MB
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"...both the perspective and the scope of this volume are well conceived and executed. This book provides an important platform for developing expertise in a fascinating and growing field. It is required reading from my students...Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology "The book will provide an excellent reference for health care providers in the area of concussion management and the increased emphasis on the incorporation of neurocognitive testing and the role of neuropsychologists. This is information that needs to out in the Sports Medicine arena as to how to incorporate neuropsychologists in the Sports Medicine team." --Steven L. Cole, ATC Associate Athletic Director, Internal Operations College of William and Mary "Dr. Webbe has used his vast knowledge and experience in the field of sports neuropsychology to create a superb road map, which provides important information and direction for the study of sports concussion. This handbook reflects his skill in attracting some of the world's leaders in sports neuropsychology as chapter authors, and his ability to organize and integrate their unique funds of knowledge." --Jeffrey T. Barth, PhD University of Virginia School of Medicine An estimated 300,000 sport-related concussions occur every year in the United States, many of which lead to short- or long-term impairment or even sudden death. Frank Webbe, one of the foremost leaders in the field, has compiled the most up-to-date, comprehensive volume on sport neuropsychology currently available. It presents, through the contributions of leading practitioners in the field, an exhaustive study of sport-related concussions and the multitude of management and treatment issues that arise from them. The handbook is structured within a conceptual framework, which includes an overview of the field, ethical considerations, risk factors and mechanisms, diagnosis and assessment, and counseling and rehabilitation principles. It integrates research findings from a wide variety of professional and amateur sports, including football, hockey, boxing, wrestling, and others. The book also addresses collateral effects of mild and traumatic head injury such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and depression. Synthesizing all the diverse facets of the burgeoning field of sport neuropsychology, this clear and concise volume will serve as a springboard for research yet to be realized. Key features: Integrates knowledge from sports and exercise science with neuropsychology Includes the latest research on the role of neuroimaging and electrophysical approaches to understanding concussion Clarifies the professional training and ethical behavior of a sport neuropsychologist Highlights the emotional components of concussion Discusses the acute and chronic effects of repeated head trauma

Ageing Cognition And Neuroscience

Author: Soledad Ballesteros
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781848727076
Size: 51.17 MB
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Developed nations are experiencing enormous increases in the number of elderly people in the population. Ageing is a universal complex multifaceted process that profoundly affects mind and brain of all individuals. Important discoveries are being made at different levels of research on cognitive aging: from the molecular/genetic level, to the cell, the network, and the processing of information at the cognitive level. The aim of this special issue is to examine new breakthroughs of the aging mind and brain and how to use this knowledge to promote interdisciplinary research in normal and pathological aging.

The Handbook Of Aging And Cognition

Author: Fergus I. M. Craik
Publisher: Psychology Press (UK)
ISBN: 9780805859904
Size: 48.55 MB
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Cognitive aging is a flourishing area of research. A significant amount of new data, a number of new theoretical notions, and many new research issues have been generated in the past ten years. This new edition reviews new findings and theories, enables the reader to assess where the field is today, and evaluates its points of growth. The chapters are organized to run from reviews of current work on neuroimaging, neuropsychology, genetics and the concept of brain reserve, through the 'mainstream' topics of attention, memory, knowledge and language, to a consideration of individual differences and of cognitive aging in a lifespan context. This edition continues to feature the broad range of its predecessors, while also providing critical assessments of current theories and findings.

The Effects Of Age On The Neurocognitive Architecture Of Verbal And Spatial Working Memory

Author: Katherine A. Cappell
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 78.73 MB
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In young adults, analyses revealed regional load-sensitivity during verbal and spatial working memory. Regional load-sensitivity was observed during verbal maintenance and spatial retrieval, suggesting that the load manipulation affected verbal and spatial working memory at different stages of processing.