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Combustion Engines Development

Author: Günter P. Merker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642140945
Size: 80.57 MB
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Combustion Engines Development nowadays is based on simulation, not only of the transient reaction of vehicles or of the complete driveshaft, but also of the highly unsteady processes in the carburation process and the combustion chamber of an engine. Different physical and chemical approaches are described to show the potentials and limits of the models used for simulation.

Mixture Formation In Internal Combustion Engines

Author: Carsten Baumgarten
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540308369
Size: 56.34 MB
Format: PDF
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A systematic control of mixture formation with modern high-pressure injection systems enables us to achieve considerable improvements of the combustion pr- ess in terms of reduced fuel consumption and engine-out raw emissions. However, because of the growing number of free parameters due to more flexible injection systems, variable valve trains, the application of different combustion concepts within different regions of the engine map, etc., the prediction of spray and m- ture formation becomes increasingly complex. For this reason, the optimization of the in-cylinder processes using 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) becomes increasingly important. In these CFD codes, the detailed modeling of spray and mixture formation is a prerequisite for the correct calculation of the subsequent processes like ignition, combustion and formation of emissions. Although such simulation tools can be viewed as standard tools today, the predictive quality of the sub-models is c- stantly enhanced by a more accurate and detailed modeling of the relevant pr- esses, and by the inclusion of new important mechanisms and effects that come along with the development of new injection systems and have not been cons- ered so far. In this book the most widely used mathematical models for the simulation of spray and mixture formation in 3D CFD calculations are described and discussed. In order to give the reader an introduction into the complex processes, the book starts with a description of the fundamental mechanisms and categories of fuel - jection, spray break-up, and mixture formation in internal combustion engines.

Real Time Simulation Technologies Principles Methodologies And Applications

Author: Katalin Popovici
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351833391
Size: 45.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Real-Time Simulation Technologies: Principles, Methodologies, and Applications is an edited compilation of work that explores fundamental concepts and basic techniques of real-time simulation for complex and diverse systems across a broad spectrum. Useful for both new entrants and experienced experts in the field, this book integrates coverage of detailed theory, acclaimed methodological approaches, entrenched technologies, and high-value applications of real-time simulation—all from the unique perspectives of renowned international contributors. Because it offers an accurate and otherwise unattainable assessment of how a system will behave over a particular time frame, real-time simulation is increasingly critical to the optimization of dynamic processes and adaptive systems in a variety of enterprises. These range in scope from the maintenance of the national power grid, to space exploration, to the development of virtual reality programs and cyber-physical systems. This book outlines how, for these and other undertakings, engineers must assimilate real-time data with computational tools for rapid decision making under uncertainty. Clarifying the central concepts behind real-time simulation tools and techniques, this one-of-a-kind resource: Discusses the state of the art, important challenges, and high-impact developments in simulation technologies Provides a basis for the study of real-time simulation as a fundamental and foundational technology Helps readers develop and refine principles that are applicable across a wide variety of application domains As science moves toward more advanced technologies, unconventional design approaches, and unproven regions of the design space, simulation tools are increasingly critical to successful design and operation of technical systems in a growing number of application domains. This must-have resource presents detailed coverage of real-time simulation for system design, parallel and distributed simulations, industry tools, and a large set of applications.

Exergy For A Better Environment And Improved Sustainability 2

Author: Fethi Aloui
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319625756
Size: 11.11 MB
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This multi-disciplinary book presents the most recent advances in exergy, energy, and environmental issues. Volume 2 focuses on applications and covers current problems, future needs, and prospects in the area of energy and environment from researchers worldwide. Based on selected lectures from the Seventh International Exergy, Energy and Environmental Symposium (IEEES7-2015) and complemented by further invited contributions, this comprehensive set of contributions promote the exchange of new ideas and techniques in energy conversion and conservation in order to exchange best practices in "energetic efficiency". Applications are included that apply to the green transportation and sustainable mobility sectors, especially regarding the development of sustainable technologies for thermal comforts and green transportation vehicles. Furthermore, contributions on renewable and sustainable energy sources, strategies for energy production, and the carbon-free society constitute an important part of this book. Exergy for Better Environment and Sustainablity, Volume 2 will appeal to researchers, students, and professionals within engineering and the renewable energy fields.

Modeling Engine Spray And Combustion Processes

Author: Gunnar Stiesch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540006824
Size: 35.58 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The utilization of mathematical models to numerically describe the performance of internal combustion engines is of great significance in the development of new and improved engines. Today, such simulation models can already be viewed as standard tools, and their importance is likely to increase further as available com puter power is expected to increase and the predictive quality of the models is constantly enhanced. This book describes and discusses the most widely used mathematical models for in-cylinder spray and combustion processes, which are the most important subprocesses affecting engine fuel consumption and pollutant emissions. The relevant thermodynamic, fluid dynamic and chemical principles are summarized, and then the application of these principles to the in-cylinder processes is ex plained. Different modeling approaches for the each subprocesses are compared and discussed with respect to the governing model assumptions and simplifica tions. Conclusions are drawn as to which model approach is appropriate for a specific type of problem in the development process of an engine. Hence, this book may serve both as a graduate level textbook for combustion engineering stu dents and as a reference for professionals employed in the field of combustion en gine modeling. The research necessary for this book was carried out during my employment as a postdoctoral scientist at the Institute of Technical Combustion (ITV) at the Uni versity of Hannover, Germany and at the Engine Research Center (ERC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.

Standard Handbook Of Engineering Calculations Fifth Edition

Author: Tyler G. Hicks
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071821554
Size: 16.91 MB
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MORE THAN 5000 ESSENTIAL, UP-TO-DATE CALCULATIONS FOR ENGINEERS Thoroughly revised with the latest data, methods, and code, the new edition of this practical resource contains more than 5000 specific, step-by-step calculation procedures for solving both common and uncommon engineering problems quickly and easily. The calculations presented provide safe, usable results for the majority of situations faced by practicing engineers worldwide. The book fully describes each problem, includes numbered calculation procedures, provides workedout problems, and offers related calculations in most instances. This is an essential on-the-job manual as well as a handy reference for engineering licensing exam preparation. Includes NEW calculation procedures for: Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) Solar heating loads Geothermal energy engineering Transformer efficiency Thermodynamic analysis of a Linde system Design of a chlorination system for wastewater disinfection Determination of ground-level pollutant concentration And many more Standard Handbook of Engineering Calculations, Fifth Edition, features detailed, time-saving calculations for: Civil and structural engineering Architectural engineering Mechanical engineering Electrical engineering Chemical and process plant engineering Water and wastewater engineering Environmental engineering

Charging The Internal Combustion Engine

Author: Hermann Hiereth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3211471138
Size: 68.59 MB
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This book covers all aspects of supercharging internal combustion engines. It details charging systems and components, the theoretical basic relations between engines and charging systems, as well as layout and evaluation criteria for best interaction. Coverage also describes recent experiences in design and development of supercharging systems, improved graphical presentations, and most advanced calculation and simulation tools.