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Computational Methods For Process Simulation

Author: W. Fred Ramirez
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080529691
Size: 69.12 MB
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Process Modelling and simulation have proved to be extremely successful engineering tools for the design and optimisation of physical, chemical and biochemical processes. The use of simulation has expanded rapidly over the last two decades because of the availability of large high-speed computers and indeed has become even more widespread with the rise of the desk-top PC resources now available to nearly every engineer and student. In the chemical industry large, realistic non-linear problems are routinely solved with the aid of computer simulation. This has a number of benefits, including easy assessment of the economic desirability of a project, convenient investigation of the effects of changes to system variables, and finally the introduction of mathematical rigour into the design process and inherent assumptions that may not have been there before. Computational Methods for Process Simulation develops the methods needed for the simulation of real processes to be found in the process industries. It also stresses the engineering fundamentals used in developing process models. Steady state and dynamic systems are considered, for both spatially lumped and spatially distributed problems. It develops analytical and numerical computational techniques for algebraic, ordinary and partial differential equations, and makes use of computer software routines that are widely available. Dedicated software examples are available via the internet. Written for a compulsory course element in the US Includes examples using software used in academia and industry Software available via the Internet

Computational Techniques For Process Simulation And Analysis Using Matlab

Author: Niket S. Kaisare
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 149876214X
Size: 17.99 MB
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MATLAB® has become one of the prominent languages used in research and industry and often described as "the language of technical computing". The focus of this book will be to highlight the use of MATLAB® in technical computing; or more specifically, in solving problems in Process Simulations. This book aims to bring a practical approach to expounding theories: both numerical aspects of stability and convergence, as well as linear and nonlinear analysis of systems. The book is divided into three parts which are laid out with a "Process Analysis" viewpoint. First part covers system dynamics followed by solution of linear and nonlinear equations, including Differential Algebraic Equations (DAE) while the last part covers function approximation and optimization. Intended to be an advanced level textbook for numerical methods, simulation and analysis of process systems and computational programming lab, it covers following key points • Comprehensive coverage of numerical analyses based on MATLAB for chemical process examples. • Includes analysis of transient behavior of chemical processes. • Discusses coding hygiene, process animation and GUI exclusively. • Treatment of process dynamics, linear stability, nonlinear analysis and function approximation through contemporary examples. • Focus on simulation using MATLAB to solve ODEs and PDEs that are frequently encountered in process systems.

Computational Methods And Experimental Measurements Xvii

Author: G.M. Carlomagno
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845649222
Size: 13.75 MB
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Containing papers presented at the seventeenth in a series of biennial meetings organised by the Wessex Institute and first held in 1984, this book includes the latest research from scientists who perform experiments, researchers who develop computer codes, and those who carry out measurements on prototypes and whose work may interact. Progress in the engineering sciences is dependent on the orderly and concurrent development of all three fields. Continuous improvement in computer efficiency, coupled with diminishing costs and rapid development of numerical procedures have generated an ever-increasing expansion of computational simulations that permeate all fields of science and technology. As these procedures continue to grow in magnitude and complexity, it is essential to be certain of their reliability, i.e. to validate their results. This can be achieved by performing dedicated and accurate experiments. At the same time, current experimental techniques have become more complex and sophisticated so that they require the exploitation of computers, both for running experiments as well as acquiring and processing the resulting data. The papers contained in the book address advances in the interaction between these three areas. They cover such topics as: Computational and Experimental Methods; Fluid Flow; Structural and Stress Analysis; Materials Characterisation; Heat Transfer and Thermal Processes; Advances in Computational Methods; Automotive Applications; Applications in Industry; Process Simulations; Environmental Modelling and Applications; Computer Modelling; Validation of Computer Modelling; Computation in Measurements; Data Processing of Experiments; Virtual Testing and Verification; Simulation and Forecasting; Measurements in Engineering.

Computational Methods In Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Author: Olaf Kolditz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662047616
Size: 43.60 MB
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Fluids play an important role in environmental systems appearing as surface water in rivers, lakes, and coastal regions or in the subsurface as well as in the atmosphere. Mechanics of environmental fluids is concerned with fluid motion, associated mass and heat transport as well as deformation processes in subsurface systems. In this reference work the fundamental modelling approaches based on continuum mechanics for fluids in the environment are described, including porous media and turbulence. Numerical methods for solving the process governing equations as well as its object-oriented computer implementation are discussed and illustrated with examples. Finally, the application of computer models in civil and environmental engineering is demonstrated.

Computational Methods In Systems Biology

Author: Muffy Calder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540751394
Size: 23.87 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Methods in Systems Biology, CMSB 2007, held in Edinburgh, Scotland, September 2007. The 16 revised full papers presented present a variety of techniques from computer science, such as language design, concurrency theory, software engineering, and formal methods, for biologists, physicists, and mathematicians interested in the systems-level understanding of cellular processes.

New Computational Methods In Power System Reliability

Author: David Elmakias
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540778101
Size: 18.10 MB
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Power system reliability is the focus of intensive study due to its critical role in providing energy supply to modern society. This comprehensive book describes application of some new specific techniques: universal generating function method and its combination with Monte Carlo simulation and with random processes methods, Semi-Markov and Markov reward models and genetic algorithm. The book can be considered as complementary to power system reliability textbooks.

Computational Methods In Multiphase Flow V

Author: Andrea Alberto Mammoli
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 1845641884
Size: 70.60 MB
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Together with turbulence, multiphase flow remains one of the most challenging areas of computational mechanics and experimental methods and numerous problems remain unsolved to date. Multiphase flows are found in all areas of technology, at all length scales and flow regimes. The fluids involved can be compressible or incompressible, linear or nonlinear. Because of the complexity of the problems, it is often essential to utilize advanced computational and experimental methods to solve the complex equations that describe them. Challenges in these simulations include modelling and tracking interfaces, dealing with multiple length scales, modelling nonlinear fluids, treating drop breakup and coalescence, characterizing phase structures, and many others. Experimental techniques, although expensive and difficult to perform, are essential to validate models. This book contains papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Computational Methods in Multiphase Flow, which are grouped into the following topics: Multiphase Flow Simulation; Interaction of Gas, Liquids and Solids; Turbulent Flow; Environmental Multiphase Flow; Bubble and Drop Dynamics; Flow in Porous Media; Heat Transfer; Image Processing; Interfacial Behaviour.

Circuit Device And Process Simulation

Author: Graham F. Carey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471960195
Size: 31.94 MB
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This book presents for the first time a unified treatment of the physical processes, mathematical models and numerical techniques for circuit, device and process simulation. At the macroscopic level linear and nonlinear circuit elements are introduced to yield a mathematical model of an integrated circuit. Numerical techniques used to solve this coupled system of ODEs are described. Microscopically, current flow within a transistor is modeled using the drift-diffusion and hydrodynamic PDE systems. Finite difference and finite element methods for spatial discretizations are treated, as are grid generation and refinement, upwinding, and multilevel schemes. At the fabrication level, physical processes such as diffusion, oxidation, and crystal growth are modeled using reaction-diffusion-convection equations. These models require multistep integration techniques and Krylov projection methods for successful implementation. Exercises, programming assignments, and an extensive bibliography are included to reinforce and extend the treatment.

Advanced Computational Methods In Life System Modeling And Simulation

Author: Minrui Fei
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811063702
Size: 63.73 MB
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The three-volume set CCIS 761, CCIS 762, and CCIS 763 constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Life System Modeling and Simulation, LSMS 2017, and of the International Conference on Intelligent Computing for Sustainable Energy and Environment, ICSEE 2017, held in Nanjing, China, in September 2017. The 208 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from over 625 submissions. The papers of this volume are organized in topical sections on: Biomedical Signal Processing; Computational Methods in Organism Modeling; Medical Apparatus and Clinical Applications; Bionics Control Methods, Algorithms and Apparatus; Modeling and Simulation of Life Systems; Data Driven Analysis; Image and Video Processing; Advanced Fuzzy and Neural Network Theory and Algorithms; Advanced Evolutionary Methods and Applications; Advanced Machine Learning Methods and Applications; Intelligent Modeling, Monitoring, and Control of Complex Nonlinear Systems; Advanced Methods for Networked Systems; Control and Analysis of Transportation Systems; Advanced Sliding Mode Control and Applications; Advanced Analysis of New Materials and Devices; Computational Intelligence in Utilization of Clean and Renewable Energy Resources; Intelligent Methods for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction; Intelligent Methods in Developing Electric Vehicles, Engines and Equipment; Intelligent Computing and Control in Power Systems; Modeling, Simulation and Control in Smart Grid and Microgrid; Optimization Methods; Computational Methods for Sustainable Environment.

Handbook Of Research On Advanced Computational Techniques For Simulation Based Engineering

Author: Samui, Pijush
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466694807
Size: 30.29 MB
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Recent developments in information processing systems have driven the advancement of computational methods in the engineering realm. New models and simulations enable better solutions for problem-solving and overall process improvement. The Handbook of Research on Advanced Computational Techniques for Simulation-Based Engineering is an authoritative reference work representing the latest scholarly research on the application of computational models to improve the quality of engineering design. Featuring extensive coverage on a range of topics from various engineering disciplines, including, but not limited to, soft computing methods, comparative studies, and hybrid approaches, this book is a comprehensive reference source for students, professional engineers, and researchers interested in the application of computational methods for engineering design.