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Constructing Grievance

Author: Elise Giuliano
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801461200
Size: 24.23 MB
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Demands for national independence among ethnic minorities around the world suggest the power of nationalism. Contemporary nationalist movements can quickly attract fervent followings, but they can just as rapidly lose support. In Constructing Grievance, Elise Giuliano asks why people with ethnic identities throw their support behind nationalism in some cases but remain quiescent in others. Popular support for nationalism, Giuliano contends, is often fleeting. It develops as part of the process of political mobilization-a process that itself transforms the meaning of ethnic identity. She compares sixteen ethnic republics of the Russian Federation, where nationalist mobilization varied widely during the early 1990s despite a common Soviet inheritance. Drawing on field research in the republic of Tatarstan, socioeconomic statistical data, and a comparative discourse analysis of local newspapers, Giuliano argues that people respond to nationalist leaders after developing a group grievance. Ethnic grievances, however, are not simply present or absent among a given population based on societal conditions. Instead, they develop out of the interaction between people's lived experiences and the specific messages that nationalist entrepreneurs put forward concerning ethnic group disadvantage. In Russia, Giuliano shows, ethnic grievances developed rapidly in certain republics in the late Soviet era when messages articulated by nationalist leaders about ethnic inequality in local labor markets resonated with people's experience of growing job insecurity in a contracting economy. In other republics, however, where nationalist leaders focused on articulating other issues, such as cultural and language problems facing the ethnic group, group grievances failed to develop, and popular support for nationalism stalled. People with ethnic identities, Giuliano concludes, do not form political interest groups primed to support ethnic politicians and movements for national secession.

Managing Ethnic Diversity In Russia

Author: Oleh Protsyk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136267743
Size: 26.59 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the norms and practices of ethnic diversity management in the Russian Federation in the last twenty years. It examines the evolution of the legal framework, the institutional architecture and the policies intended to address the large number of challenges posed by Russia’s immense ethno-cultural diversity. It analyses the legal, social and political changes affecting ethno-cultural relations and the treatment of ethnic minorities, and assesses how ethnic diversity both influences and is shaped by transformations in Russian politics and society. It concludes by appraising how successful or otherwise policies have been so far, and by outlining the challenges still faced by the Russian Federation.

Ethnic Relations In Post Soviet Russia

Author: Andrew Foxall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317623533
Size: 21.90 MB
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While the collapse of communism in Russia was relatively peaceful, ethnic relations have been deteriorating since then. This deterioration poses a threat to the functioning of the Russian state and is a major obstacle to its future development. Analysing ethnic relations in the North Caucasus, this book demonstrates how a myriad of processes that characterised post-Soviet transition, including demographic change, economic upheaval, geopolitical instability, and political re-structuring, have affected daily life for citizens. It raises important questions about ethnicity, identity, nationalism, sovereignty, and territoriality in the post-Soviet space.

Minority Ethnic Mobilization In The Russian Federation

Author: Dmitry P. Gorenburg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521032391
Size: 73.33 MB
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This book explains how state institutions affect ethnic mobilization. It focuses on how ethno-nationalist movements emerge on the political arena, develop organizational structures, frame demands, and attract followers. It does so in the context of examining the widespread surge of nationalist sentiment that occurred through the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s. It shows that even during this period of institutional upheaval, pre-existing ethnic institutions affected the tactics of the movement leaders. It challenges the widely held perception that governing elites can kindle latent ethnic grievances virtually at will to maintain power. It argues that nationalist leaders can't always mobilize widespread popular support and that their success in doing so depends on the extent to which ethnicity is institutionalized by state structures. It shifts the study of ethnic mobilization from the whys of its emergence to the hows of its development as a political force.

Political Construction Sites

Author: Pål Kolstø
ISBN: 9780813337524
Size: 72.56 MB
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The book traces the nation-building processes that are unfolding in the post-Soviet states after the fall of Communism. It notes that state leaders in all of these states are making strenuous efforts to imbue their population with a sense of common nationhood. In the post-Soviet world, however, the concept of 'nation' is for all practical purposes synonymous with 'ethnic group', and nation-building strategies tend to be based on the culture and language of the dominant group, the so-called 'titular nationality'. Members of minority groups often see themselves as culturally and politically marginalized.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Size: 52.34 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.

Geography And Transition In The Post Soviet Republics

Author: Michael J. Bradshaw
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Size: 31.85 MB
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This collection of essays analyzes contemporary human geography Russia. It reflects recent dramatic events in the former Soviet Union and places them within the context of theoretical developments in contemporary human geography. Contains the most up-to-date analysis of recent events.