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Contested Communities

Author: Thomas Miller Klubock
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822320920
Size: 72.67 MB
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In Contested Communities Thomas Miller Klubock analyzes the experiences of the El Teniente copper miners during the first fifty years of the twentieth century. Describing the everyday life and culture of the mining community, its impact on Chilean politics and national events, and the sense of self and identity working-class men and women developed in the foreign-owned enclave, Klubock provides important insights into the cultural and social history of Chile. Klubock shows how a militant working-class community was established through the interplay between capitalist development, state formation, and the ideologies of gender. In describing how the North American copper company attempted to reconfigure and reform the work and social-cultural lives of men and women who migrated to the mine, Klubock demonstrates how struggles between labor and capital took place on a gendered field of power and reconstituted social constructions of masculinity and femininity. As a result, Contested Communities describes more accurately than any previous study the nature of grassroots labor militancy, working-class culture, and everyday politics of gender relations during crucial years of the Chilean Popular Front in the 1930s and 1940s.

On Strike And On Film

Author: Ellen R. Baker
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469606542
Size: 25.68 MB
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In 1950, Mexican American miners went on strike for fair working conditions in Hanover, New Mexico. When an injunction prohibited miners from picketing, their wives took over the picket lines--an unprecedented act that disrupted mining families but ultimately ensured the strikers' victory in 1952. In On Strike and on Film, Ellen Baker examines the building of a leftist union that linked class justice to ethnic equality. She shows how women's participation in union activities paved the way for their taking over the picket lines and thereby forcing their husbands, and the union, to face troubling questions about gender equality. Baker also explores the collaboration between mining families and blacklisted Hollywood filmmakers that resulted in the controversial 1954 film Salt of the Earth. She shows how this worker-artist alliance gave the mining families a unique chance to clarify the meanings of the strike in their own lives and allowed the filmmakers to create a progressive alternative to Hollywood productions. An inspiring story of working-class solidarity, Mexican American dignity, and women's liberation, Salt of the Earth was itself blacklisted by powerful anticommunists, yet the movie has endured as a vital contribution to American cinema.

The Sweat Of Their Brow A History Of Work In Latin America

Author: David McCreery
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317454375
Size: 48.12 MB
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Throughout Latin America's history the world of work has been linked to race, class, and gender within the larger framework of changing social, political, and economic circumstances both in the region and abroad. In this compelling narrative, David McCreery situates the work experience in Latin America's broader history. Rather than organizing the coverage by forms of work, he proceeds chronologically, breaking 500 years of history into five periods: Encounter and Accommodation, 1480 -- 1550; The Colonial System, 1550 -- 1750; Cities and Towns, 1750 -- 1850; Export Economies, 1850 -- 1930; Work in Modern Latin America, 1930 -- the Present.Within each period, McCreery discusses the chief economic, political, and social characteristics as they relate to work, identifying both continuities and discontinuities from each preceding period. Specific topics studied range from the encomienda, the enslaving of Indians in Spanish America, the introduction of Black African slaves, labor in mining, agricultural labor, urban and domestic labor, women and work, peasant economies, industrial labor, to the maquilas and more.

Latin America

Author: Juan Manuel Pérez
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN:
Size: 72.26 MB
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This is a general bibliography on Latin America, covering a wide variety of subjects, from pre-Columbian civilizations, to Columbus, to Castro, to the foreign debt, to pollution, ect. This work will not only be of use to the general, casual reader on Latin America, but also to the more specialized researcher. The book contains over 800 topics, with over 8,000 titles identified.