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Discourse Comprehension

Author: Charles A. Weaver, III
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136482741
Size: 41.61 MB
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This volume is derived from presentations given at a conference hosted in Boulder, Colorado in honor of the 60th birthday of Walter Kintsch. Though the contents of the talks, and thus the chapters, varied widely, all had one thing in common -- they were inspired to some degree by the work of Walter Kintsch. When making plans for an edited book centered around this conference, the editors had a primary goal: to acknowledge the wide variety of researchers and research areas Kintsch had influenced. As a consequence, one of the more unusual elements of this volume is the diversity of the contributors. Researchers from six different countries contributed chapters to this book which is loosely organized around three main thrusts of Kintsch's work: * text-based representations that explain how meaning in a text is constructed, * situation models which represent what the text is about rather than what a text literally says, and * the construction-integration model, Kintsch's most recent work in discourse comprehension.

Comprehension

Author: Walter Kintsch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521629867
Size: 54.52 MB
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A study of comprehension with particular emphasis on how readers understand a text.

Constructive Knowledge Acquisition

Author: Franz Schmalhofer
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317729498
Size: 60.34 MB
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A cognitive psychology which becomes increasingly specialized requires a special effort in order to avoid a fragmentation into several controversial issues that are independently discussed but also inherently related. Rather than asking additional differentiated questions which are then investigated by more specialized experimental methods and designs, this book promotes unified theories and a levels approach for their experimental evaluation. Within this cognitive science approach and on the basis of the most foundational assumptions of Kintsch's construction integration theory, a computational theory of knowledge acquisition is then developed and subsequently evaluated by psychological experiments. For forty years, computer simulation techniques and experimental psychology research have greatly matured the understanding of human knowledge and its acquisition in different learning environments. This volume critically assesses the advantages and limitations of these approaches and then develops an integrated research methodology. It goes on to provide significant progress concerning the following questions: * What are the most promising research methodologies for investigating human cognition? * How can the experimental psychology research on text comprehension, concept formation, and memory become more closely related to one another when the very specialized research paradigms and the highly specific scientific controversies promote their separation and independent discussion? * How can a general comprehension-based theory bridge the gap between simple experimental settings and the real-life situations that occur in education and work environments? This book demonstrates how experimental psychology can proceed more successfully by investigating those aspects that are shared among different areas of research like text comprehension, categorization, and learning by exploration. It also shows how unified theories can assist in applying experimental psychology and cognitive science results to areas such as intelligent tutoring systems, instructional design, and the development of expert systems in complex real world domains.

Narrative Comprehension Causality And Coherence

Author: Susan R. Goldman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135666075
Size: 77.16 MB
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This volume provides an excellent overview of the field of discourse processes, capturing both its breadth and its depth. World-renowned researchers present the latest theoretical developments and thought-provoking empirical data. In doing so, they cover a broad range of communicative activities, including text comprehension, conversational communication, argumentation, television or media viewing, and more. A central theme across all chapters concerns the notion that coherence determines the interpretation of the communication. The various chapters illustrate the many forms that coherence can take, and explore its role in different communicative settings.

Reading And Language Learning

Author: Keiko Koda
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405175746
Size: 64.73 MB
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Reading and language learning are interdependent. While reading necessitates linguistic knowledge, reading ability enhances linguistic knowledge expansion. This volume explores the reciprocal relationship between reading and language learning. Explores how reading and language learning are interrelated, bringing new insights to discussions on the unique nature of reading development in a second language Covers topics including cross-linguistic constraints on second-language reading development, bilingualism and literacy, linguistic resources and reading strategies, incidental vocabulary acquisition through reading, local language processing and global text comprehension, and cross-linguistic effects on word identification Views second-language reading as a multi-faceted and multi-lingual construct Examines a variety of reading sub-skills, ranging from word identification to discourse comprehension.

Linguistic Complexity And Text Comprehension

Author: Alice Davison
Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum
ISBN: 9780898595413
Size: 17.84 MB
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Standard readability formulas are widely accepted as reliable means of determining text difficulty for readers. This book examines the shortcomings of these formulas, both for professionals who try to use these formulas to match texts with readers and for others who study how language is understood. Language comprehension experts in cognitive psychology, education, and linguistics present alternative viewpoints concerning the issue of effective readability predictors. The long-term result: new questions raised by the research in this book should help to make texts more comprehensible and to provide a theoretically sound model of language processing and interpretation.