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ISBN: 0470259612
Size: 75.89 MB
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Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: Pradeep Ahuja
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120336372
Size: 51.81 MB
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This book offers a full account of thermodynamic systems in chemical engineering. It provides a solid understanding of the basic concepts of the laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications with a thorough discussion of phase and chemical reaction equilibria. At the outset the text explains the various key terms of thermodynamics with suitable examples and then thoroughly deals with the virial and cubic equations of state by showing the P-V-T (pressure, molar volume and temperature) relation of fluids. It elaborates on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and their applications with the help of numerous engineering examples. The text further discusses the concepts of exergy, standard property changes of chemical reactions, thermodynamic property relations and fugacity. The book also includes detailed discussions on residual and excess properties of mixtures, various activity coefficient models, local composition models, and group contribution methods. In addition, the text focuses on vapour-liquid and other phase equilibrium calculations, and analyzes chemical reaction equilibria and adiabatic reaction temperature for systems with complete and incomplete conversion of reactants. key Features  Includes a large number of fully worked-out examples to help students master the concepts discussed.  Provides well-graded problems with answers at the end of each chapter to test and foster students’ conceptual understanding of the subject. The total number of solved examples and end-chapter exercises in the book are over 600.  Contains chapter summaries that review the major concepts covered. The book is primarily designed for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and its related disciplines such as petroleum engineering and polymer engineering. It can also be useful to professionals. The Solution Manual containing the complete worked-out solutions to chapter-end exercises and problems is available for instructors.

Concise Chemical Thermodynamics 2nd Edition

Author: A.P.H. Peters
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 020349427X
Size: 44.99 MB
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The first edition of Concise Chemical Thermodynamics proved to be a very popular introduction to a subject many undergraduate students perceive as a difficult topic, because it presented thermodynamics with practical chemical examples in a way that used little mathematics. In this second edition the text has been carefully revised to ensure the same approach is maintained. Students are led to an understanding of Gibbs free energy early on, and the concept is demonstrated in several different fields. The book includes discussions of experimental equilibrium data, an introduction to electrochemistry, a brief survey of Ellingham diagrams, and a treatment of entropy without reference to the Carnot cycle. A new chapter on computer-based methods in thermodynamics has been added to reflect current technological trends and practices. Thermodynamic data has been revised in light of information provided by the work of the Scientific Group Thermodata Europe, to ensure that the symbols and units reflect the latest IUPAC rules. In addition, the problems and examples have been updated, replaced, and amplified to reflect current understanding and concerns. Undergraduate students of chemistry will find this an ideal introduction to chemical thermodynamics.

Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics 2nd Edition Elliott Lira 2012

Author: Prentice-Hall Pearson Education, Inc
Publisher: Bukupedia
Size: 58.94 MB
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PREFACE “No happy phrase of ours is ever quite original with us; there is nothing of our own in it except some slight change born of our temperament, character, environment, teachings and associations.” Mark Twain This textbook is designed for chemical engineering students from the sophomore level to the first year of graduate school. The approach blends molecular perspective with principles of thermodynamics to build intuitive reasoning regarding the behavior of species in chemical engineering processes and formulations. The molecular perspective is represented by descriptions encompassing: the relation of kinetic energy to temperature; the origin and consequences of intermolecular potentials; molecular acidity and basicity; methods used to incorporate molecular properties into molecular simulations; and the impact of molecular properties on macroscopic energy and entropy. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. This second edition offers enhanced coverage of biological, pharmaceutical, and electrolyte applications including osmotic pressure, solid solubility, and coupled reactions. Throughout the text, topics are organized to implement hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail. Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters. Less complex empirical model approaches have been moved forward to provide introductory practice with concepts and to provide motivation for understanding models more fully. The approach also provides more instructor flexibility in selecting topics to cover. Learning objectives have been clearly stated for each chapter along with chapter summaries including “important equations” to enhance student focus. Every chapter includes practice problems with complete solutions available online, as well as numerous homework problems. Online supplements include practice tests spanning many years, coursecasts describing difficult concepts or how to use computational tools, ConcepTests to quickly check comprehension, and objective lists that can be customized for greater detail. We also recommend the related resources available at the Unique features of the text include the level of pedagogical development of excess function models and electrolytes. For mixture models, the key assumptions and derivation steps are presented, stimulating readers to consider how the molecular phenomena are represented. For electrolytes and biological systems, the text makes connections between pH and speciation and provides tools for rapidly estimating concentrations of dissociated species. We emphasize speciation and problem solving in this introduction, instead of focusing on advanced theories of electrolyte activity. The material is written at an intermediate level to bridge students from the introductions in chemistry to the more complex models of electrolytes provided by process simulators. We have created a number of homework problems with many variants, intending that different parts can be assigned to different classes or groups, not intending that each student work all parts. NOTES TO STUDENTS Thermodynamics is full of terminology and defined properties. Please note that the textbook provides a glossary and a summary of notation just before Unit I. Also consider the index a resource. We consider the examples to be an integral part of the text, and we use them to illustrate important points. Examples are often cross-referenced and are therefore listed in the table of contents. We enclose important equations in boxes and we use special notation by equation numbers: (*) means that the equation assumes temperature-independent heat capacity; (ig) means the equation is limited to ideal gases. We include margin notes to highlight important concepts or supplemental information. Computer programs facilitate the solutions to homework problems, but they should not be used to replace an understanding of the material. Computers are tools for calculating, not for thinking. To evaluate your understanding, we recommend that you know how to solve the problem by hand calculations. If you do not understand the formulas in the programs it is a good indication that you need to do more studying before using the program so that the structure of the program makessense. It is also helpful to rework example problems from the text using the software. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS As the above quote from Mark Twain alludes, we are indebted to many others, from informal hallway conversations at meetings, to e-mail messages with suggestions and errata, to classroom testing. In many cases, we are merely the conveyors of others’ suggestions. In particular, for the first edition, Dave Hart, Joan Brennecke, Mike Matthews, Bruce Poling, Ross Taylor, and Mark Thies worked with early versions of the text. We have benefited from classroom testing of the second edition by Margot Vigeant, Victor Vasquez, and Joan Brennecke. We have benefited from reviews by Keith Johnston, Ram Gupta, John O’Connell, Mike Greenfield (electrolytes), Andre Anderko (electrolytes), and Paul Mathias (electrolytes). We have adapted some example problems developed by John O’Connell at the NSF BioEMB Workshop, San Jose, CA, 2010. CTL would like to thank Ryoko Yamasaki for her work in typing many parts of the first edition manuscript and problem solutions. CTL also thanks family members Gail, Nicolas, and Adrienne for their patience, as many family sacrifices helped make this book possible. JRE thanks family members Guliz, Serra, and Eileen for their similar forbearance. We acknowledge Dan Friend and NIST, Boulder, for contributions to the steam tables and thermodynamic charts. Lastly, we acknowledge the influences of the many authors of previous thermodynamics texts. We hope we have done justice to this distinguished tradition, while simultaneously bringing deeper insight to a broader audience. ABOUT THE AUTHORS J. Richard Elliott is Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of Akron in Ohio. He has taught courses ranging from freshman tools to senior process design as well as thermodynamics at every level. His research interests include: thermodynamics of polymer solutions and hydrogen bonding using molecular simulations and perturbation theory; thermodynamics of supercritical fluids and hydrocarbon processing; biorefining pretreatments; and experimental phase equilibrium measurements. He has worked with the NIST lab in Boulder and ChemStations in Houston. He holds a Ph.D. in chemical engineeringfrom Pennsylvania State University. [email protected] Carl T. Lira is Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at Michigan State University. He teaches thermodynamics at all levels, chemical kinetics, and material and energy balances. His research accomplishments include experimental measurements and modeling for liquid metals, supercritical fluids, adsorptive separations, and liquid-vapor, solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid phase equilibria. Currently, Professor Lira specializes in the study of thermodynamic properties of bio-derived fuels and chemicals via experiments and molecular simulations, and he collaborates in the MSU Reactive Distillation Facility. He has been recognized with the Amoco Excellence in Teaching Award, and multiple presentations of the MSU Withrow Teaching Excellence Award. He holds a B.S. from Kansas State University, and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, all in chemical engineering. [email protected]

A Textbook Of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 8120347471
Size: 61.16 MB
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Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Introduction To Catalytic Combustion

Author: R.E. Hayes
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789056990923
Size: 15.96 MB
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In a clear and concise manner, this book explains how to apply concepts in chemical reaction engineering and transport phenomena to the design of catalytic combustion systems. Although there are many textbooks on the subject of chemical reaction engineering, catalytic combustion is mentioned either only briefly or not at all. The authors have chosen three examples where catalytic combustion is utilized as a primary combustion process and natural gas is used as a fuel - stationary gas turbines, process fluid heaters, and radiant heaters; these cover much of the area where research is currently most active. In each of these there are clear environmental benefits to be gained illustrating catalytic combustion as a "cleaner primary combustion process" . The dominant heat transfer processes in each of the applications are different, as are the support systems, flow geometrics and operating conditions.

Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

Author: J. Richard Elliott
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0136068545
Size: 38.62 MB
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A Practical, Up-to-Date Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics, Including Coverage of Process Simulation Models and an Introduction to Biological Systems Introductory Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Second Edition, helps readers master the fundamentals of applied thermodynamics as practiced today: with extensive development of molecular perspectives that enables adaptation to fields including biological systems, environmental applications, and nanotechnology. This text is distinctive in making molecular perspectives accessible at the introductory level and connecting properties with practical implications. Features of the second edition include Hierarchical instruction with increasing levels of detail: Content requiring deeper levels of theory is clearly delineated in separate sections and chapters Early introduction to the overall perspective of composite systems like distillation columns, reactive processes, and biological systems Learning objectives, problem-solving strategies for energy balances and phase equilibria, chapter summaries, and “important equations” for every chapter Extensive practical examples, especially coverage of non-ideal mixtures, which include water contamination via hydrocarbons, polymer blending/recycling, oxygenated fuels, hydrogen bonding, osmotic pressure, electrolyte solutions, zwitterions and biological molecules, and other contemporary issues Supporting software in formats for both MATLAB® and spreadsheets Online supplemental sections and resources including instructor slides, ConcepTests, coursecast videos, and other useful resources

Fundamentals Of Engineering Thermodynamics

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120327900
Size: 59.38 MB
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Updated and enhanced with numerous worked-out examples and exercises, this Second Edition continues to present a thorough, concise and accurate discussion of fundamentals and principles of thermodynamics. It focuses on practical applications of theory and equips students with sound techniques for solving engineering problems. The treatment of the subject matter emphasizes the phenomena which are associated with the various thermodynamic processes. The topics covered are supported by an extensive set of example problems to enhance the student's understanding of the concepts introduced. The end-of-chapter problems serve to aid the learning process, and extend the material covered in the text by including problems characteristic of engineering design. The book is designed to serve as a text for undergraduate engineering students for a course in thermodynamics.