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Environmental Toxicology

Author: Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840393
Size: 18.57 MB
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Human survival depends on the availability of clean air, water, and food and on the welfare of plants and animals. However, anthropogenic and naturally occurring chemicals can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecological processes. Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Third Edition presents fundamental information on the effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It focuses on the chemical and biological characteristics of major pollutants found in the air, water, and soil and relates them to the health and well being of humans, animals, and plants. An Indispensable Reference on Air, Soil, & Water Pollutants and Their Impact on Living Systems Surveying the environmental and health changes that have occurred in recent decades, the book discusses the sources, metabolism, and damage process of toxicants, and the environmental, biological, and nutritional factors that may influence toxicity. It looks at natural defense systems, including the mechanisms for detoxification—such as endogenous antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes—on a cellular level. The text examines the major toxicants: EPA criteria air pollutants, environmental fluoride, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), environmental metals and metalloids involved in soil and water pollution, and pesticides and related material such as PCBs and dioxins. It then addresses their relationship with endocrine disruption and environmental cancer. This comprehensive approach offers insight into the interaction of various chemical agents with DNA. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this popular book includes new and updated material as well as a new chapter on occupational toxicology. Appendices cover the process of ecological risk assessment, carcinogens, and PCB nomenclature. Based on research from more than 35 years of teaching environmental toxicology and related courses, this textbook is a useful resource for students, professionals, and researchers interested in the effects of pollutants on living systems. What’s New in This Edition A new chapter on occupational toxicology, covering indoor air quality, chemicals in the workplace, nanoparticle exposure, and more An updated chapter on environmental changes and health, including significant environmental changes that have occurred since the last edition An updated chapter on environmental cancer, including changes in death rates of respiratory cancers New material on the importance of nitrous oxide (N2O) in stratospheric ozone layer depletion An expanded discussion of environmental disasters

Environmental Science And Technology

Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849395123
Size: 78.92 MB
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Formally established by the EPA nearly 15 years ago, the concept of green chemistry is beginning to come of age. Although several books cover green chemistry and chemical engineering, none of them transfer green principles to science and technology in general and their impact on the future. Defining industrial ecology, Environmental Science and Technology: A Sustainable Approach to Green Science and Technology provides a general overview of green science and technology and their essential role in ensuring environmental sustainability. Written by a leading expert, the book provides the essential background for understanding green science and technology and how they relate to sustainability. In addition to the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere traditionally covered in environmental science books, this book is unique in recognizing the anthrosphere as a distinct sphere of the environment. The author explains how the anthrosphere can be designed and operated in a manner that does not degrade environmental quality and, in most favorable circumstances, may even enhance it. With the current emphasis shifting from end-of-pipe solutions to pollution prevention and control of resource consumption, green principles are increasingly moving into the mainstream. This book provides the foundation not only for understanding green science and technology, but also for taking its application to the next level.

Wildlife Toxicology

Author: Ronald J. Kendall
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439817957
Size: 47.78 MB
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Updating the extremely successful Wildlife Toxicology and Population Modeling (CRC Press, 1994), Wildlife Toxicology: Emerging Contaminant and Biodiversity Issues brings together a distinguished group of international contributors, who provide a global assessment of a range of environmental stressors, including pesticides, environmental contaminants, and other emerging chemical threats, and their impact on wildlife populations. Addresses Emerging Wildlife Threats in One Concise Volume A decade ago, many of these threats existed but were either unrecognized or considered minor issues, and all have now snowballed into major challenges for the conservation of wildlife populations. This is the first book to address these dangers in a single volume and recommend proven mitigation techniques to protect and sustain Earth’s wildlife populations. Examines Species Range Shifts, Ocean Acidification, Coral Bleaching, & Impacts of Heightened UV Influx This comprehensive reference identifies and documents examples of chemical stressor exposures and responses among ecosystem receptors worldwide. Chapters discuss emerging diseases and the expansion of pesticide/contaminant use, as well as agricultural trends and biofuels, and the widespread use of munitions and explosives from military and industrial-related activities. With the aid of several solid case studies, the book also addresses atmospheric contaminants and climate change, population modeling, and emerging transnational issues in ecotoxicology. Wildlife Toxicology: Emerging Contaminant and Biodiversity Issues stimulates dialogue among the academic and research communities and environmental public policy decision makers. The book challenges these groups to think more globally about environmental contaminants and their potential impacts on biodiversity and environmental degradation. Check out Ronald J. Kendall's Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures. Professor Kendall has been quoted recently in several news outlets in connection with the Gulf Oil Spill. Check out these articles on the CRC Press Ning page.

Ecosystems And Human Health

Author: Richard B. Philp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420032376
Size: 19.70 MB
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Renamed to reflect the expanded scope of the second edition, Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards builds on the foundation created by the author in the first edition, Environmental Hazards and Human Health. Written in a journalistic, easily accessible style, this book bridges the gap between toxicology and environmental sciences by exploring man-made and natural hazards, and the risks they pose to wildlife and human health. See what's new in the Second Edition: Coverage of environmental hormone disrupters Section on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Expanded discussion of the controversy over genetically modified foods New information on mechanisms of action of marine venoms and poisons Ecosystems and Human Health: Toxicology and Environmental Hazards, Second Edition explores the broad range of environmental and human health aspects of chemical and biological hazards. The author covers the basic principles of pharmacology and toxicology as well as risk analysis, air and water pollution, and various toxicants, hazards, and poisons. He presents numerous examples of the intimate relationship between ecosystem health and human health and of the need to consider this relationship whenever human activities are likely to have a significant environmental impact.

Basic Environmental Toxicology

Author: Lorris G. Cockerham
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849388514
Size: 26.32 MB
Format: PDF
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Basic Environmental Toxicology provides a thorough, systematic introduction to environmental toxicology and addresses many of the effects of pollutants on humans, animals, and the environment. Readers are introduced to the fundamentals of toxicology and ecotoxicology, the effects of different types of toxicants, and how toxicants affect different compartments of the environment. Fundamental aspects of environmental health, occupational health, detection of pollutants, and risk assessment are discussed. The book is excellent for anyone involved in risk assessment or risk management, toxicologists, state and local public health officials, environmental engineers, industrial managers, consultants, and students taking environmental toxicology courses.

An Introduction To Environmental Toxicology Fourth Edition

Author: Michael Dong
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN: 9781979904513
Size: 63.59 MB
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The core content difference between this Fourth and the Third Edition is minimal. In addition to the correction of the typos found in the Third Edition, this Fourth Edition has made minor refinements but updated substantially the status and the discussion of numerous contemporary issues covered in this book. In particular, this Fourth Edition has highlighted a number of recent public health and regulatory concerns, including the global concerns with the recent pandemics of Zika as well as Ebola and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's ban on trans fats in all American processed foods by 2018. Moreover, it has updated the five persistent organic pollutants that the Stockholm Convention has added to its action list since the publication of this book's Third Edition in 2014. As three more update examples, this book is now current with the latest estimate data available concerning the annual amounts of pesticide active ingredients used in the United States and worldwide. It is now consistent with the International Agency for Research on Cancer's latest determinations made on the human carcinogenicity potential of the biological, physical, and chemical agents that the agency has analyzed. Furthermore, it is now up to date with the chemical elements included in the current periodic table. As with the earlier editions, this Fourth Edition offers an introductory text on the scope and principles for as well as the relevant topics of environmental toxicology. To this end, the book is organized into 23 chapters under four parts (sections) as listed below. PART I. TOXICOLOGIC CONCEPTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: (1) Scope and Principles for/of Environmental Toxicology; (2) Environmental Changes and Environmental Health; (3) Environmental Pollution and Regulatory Agencies; (4) Occurrence and Types of Environmental Toxicants; and (5) Fate and Transport of Toxicants in the Environment. PART II. BIOACCUMULATION AND BIODISPOSITION OF TOXICANTS: (6) Bioaccumulation of Persistent Environmental Toxicants; (7) Uptake, Distribution, and Excretion of Toxicants; (8) Metabolism/Biotransformation of Xenobiotics; (9) Adverse Action/Toxic Response; and (10) Factors and Conditions Affecting Toxicity. PART III. NATURE AND EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICANTS: (11) Air Pollutants - I: Inorganic Gases; (12) Air Pollutants - II: Particulate Matter; (13) Volatile Organic Compounds; (14) Toxic and Radioactive Metals; (15) Pesticides and Pesticide Residues; (16) Persistent Toxic Substances; and (17) Biological and Underrated Physical Toxic Agents. PART IV. SPECIAL TOPICS, ISSUES, CONSIDERATIONS, AND FOCI: (18) Environmental Mutagenesis/Carcinogenesis; (19) Reproductive Toxicity and Endocrine Disruption; (20) Occupational Toxicology/Workplace Hazards; (21) Food Toxicants and Toxic Household Substances; (22) Human Health Aspects of Ecotoxicology; and (23) Environmental Health Risk Assessment.

Environmental Toxicology

Author: Sigmund F. Zakrzewski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198033769
Size: 21.67 MB
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The fundamental principles of environmental toxicology are clearly presented here for university students and professionals in related fields. This book consists of two parts. In the first part basic metabolic, physiological, and pharmacological concepts are used to explain the fate of toxic chemicals in the body, with emphasis on carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. This part also contains a chapter on chemicals disrupting the endocrine system and a chapter on risk assessment and the precautionary principle. The second section deals with specific environmental problems - air pollution, alteration of the earth's atmosphere, water and land pollution, including sections on wetlands, organic agriculture and genetically modified crops. It also deals with health and environmental effects of ionized radiation, and the effect of a rapid population growth on the environmental and human welfare. Chapter on pollution control and regulatory policies are also included.

Basic Concepts Of Environmental Chemistry Second Edition

Author: Des W. Connell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1566706769
Size: 76.82 MB
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Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry, Second Edition provides a theoretical basis for the behavior and biological effects of natural chemical entities and contaminants in natural systems, concluding with a practical focus on risk assessment and the environmental management of chemicals. The text uses molecular properties such as polarity, water solubility, and vapor pressure as the starting point for understanding the environmental chemistry of various contaminants in soil, water, and the atmosphere. It explains biological processes such as respiration and photosynthesis and their relationship to greenhouse gases. The book then introduces environmental toxicology and describes the distribution, transport, and transformation of contaminants, including PCBs and dioxins, plastics, petroleum and aromatic hydrocarbons, soaps and detergents, and pesticides. The author highlights the relationship between specific chemical properties and their environmental and biological effects. Other topics discussed include partition behavior, fugacity, and genotoxicity, particularly involving carcinogens. The second edition updates the contents and incorporates the latest advances in the field since the 1997 edition was published. It presents an entirely new chapter on metals, which underlines the correlation between metallic properties and their behavior in the environment, as well as new sections on radionuclides and acid drainage water. The chapter on atmospheric chemistry and pollution has been substantially expanded including photochemical smog, the Greenhouse Effect, and pollution processes in the atmosphere and acid rain. The author also adds recent approaches to ecotoxicology, ecological, and human risk assessments to include the probabilistic approach. Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry, Second Edition is a practical textbook for teaching students the basic concepts of chemistry in the framework of the environment and a practical reference for anyone involved in the management and disposal of industrial chemicals and emissions, occupational health and safety, and the protection of the natural environment.

Environmental Pollution

Author: S. V. S. Rana
Publisher: Alpha Science International, Limited
ISBN: 9781842654842
Size: 65.68 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Covers problems from pollution to the toxicity of heavy metals, pesticides, organic solvents, chemical warfare agents, biological weapons to animal and plant toxins providing an indepth understanding of different types of pollution and their health effects in man, animal and plants. This book offers an account on general and applied toxicology.