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European Fair Trading Law

Author: Geraint Howells
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317139666
Size: 60.71 MB
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The Unfair Commercial Practices Directive is the most important directive in the field of trade practices to have emerged from the EC but it builds upon European activity which has sought to regulate trade practices on both a sectoral and horizontal level. It is an umbrella provision, which uses general clauses to protect consumers. How effective this approach is and how it relates the existing acquis are fundamental issues for debate. This work provides a critical appraisal of the Unfair Commercial Practices Directive linking discussion of it to general debates about how fair trading should be regulated. It explains how the Directive fits into the existing acquis. It also examines national traditions where these are necessary to explain the European approach, as in the case of general clauses. The book will be a valuable tool for any student of consumer law seeking to understand the thinking behind the directive and how it will affect national laws. It will also influence policy makers by suggesting how the directive should be interpreted and what policy lies behind its formulation. Businesses and their advisers will use the book as a means of understanding the new regulatory climate post-the directive.

Commercial Law Of The European Union

Author: Gabriël Moens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048187745
Size: 54.54 MB
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? The Hon. Michael Kirby AC CMG This splendid book performs the heroic task of introducing readers to the large canvas of the commercial law of the European Union (EU). The EU began as an economic community of six nations but has grown into 27 member states, sharing a signi?cant political, social and legal cohesion and serving almost 500 million citizens. It generates approximately 30% of the nominal gross world product. The EU is a remarkable achievement of trans-national co-operation, given the history (including recent history) of national, racial, ethnic and religious hatred and con?ict preceding its creation. Although, as the book recounts, the institutions of the EU grew directly out of those of the European Economic Community, created in 1957 [1.20], the genesis of the EU can be traced to the sufferings of the Second World War and to the disclosure of the barbarous atrocities of the Holocaust. Out of the chaos and ruins of historical enmities and the shattered cities and peoples that survived those terrible events, arose an astonishing pan- European Movement.

The European Unfair Commercial Practices Directive

Author: Willem van Boom
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317033167
Size: 36.26 MB
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One of the most important EU consumer protection directives of the past decade, the 2005 Unfair Commercial Practices Directive, or UCPD, is brought under examination in this stimulating volume. Bringing together leading experts in the comparative law and consumer law domain, the book discusses the impact of the Directive and whether the many possible issues identified at its inception have been borne out in practice. Divided into four parts of 'Implementation, Approximation and Harmonization', 'Vulnerability', 'The UCP Directive and Other Regimes', and finally 'Enforcement', the volume examines the various policy developments, the growing body of case law, the decisions of relevant national enforcement authorities, as well as the legislative debates which have surrounded the implementation of the UCPD in Member States. This book provides a valuable assessment of the impact of a major EU directive almost ten years after its adoption, and as such will be of interest to academics, legal practitioners and the judiciary working in the areas of European and Consumer law.

The Regulation Of Unfair Commercial Practices Under Ec Directive 2005 29

Author: Stephen Weatherill
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847313477
Size: 73.72 MB
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This book represents the fruit of a conference held in Oxford on March 3, 2006 under the auspices of the Institute of European and Comparative Law in the Oxford University Law Faculty. Directive 2005/29 is an important new measure in the construction of a legal framework apt to promote an integrated economic space in the European Union. It establishes a harmonised regime governing the control of unfair commercial practices. As such it represents an important exercise in the use of new rules and new techniques, and therefore poses new challenges to EU lawyers. The purpose of this book is to inform and to explore the issues raised by the Directive, issues which are of academic and practical interest, in helping to understand the evolution of European consumer law within the broader programme of European market regulation. The intense practical significance of this Directive, which heralds a new regime, is likely to provoke commercial operators to seek to exploit opportunities to pursue practices previously suppressed.

The Harmonisation Of European Contract Law

Author: Stefan Vogenauer
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 184731127X
Size: 49.19 MB
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After an extended period in which the European Community has merely nibbled at the edges of national contract law, the bite of a 'European contract law' has lately become more pronounced. Many areas of law, from competition and consumer law to gender equality law, are now the subject of determined efforts at harmonisation, though they are perhaps often seen as peripheral to mainstream commercial contract law. Despite continuing doubts about the constitutional competence of the Commission to embark on further harmonisation in this area, European contract law is now taking shape with the Commission prompting a debate about what it might attempt. A central aspect of this book is the report of a remarkable survey carried out by the Oxford Institute of European and Comparative Law in collaboration with Clifford Chance, which sought the views of European businesses about the advantages and disadvantages of further harmonisation. The final report of this survey brings much needed empirical data to a debate that has thus far lacked clear evidence of this sort. The survey is embedded in a range of original and up-to-date essays by leading European contract scholars reviewing recent developments, questioning progress so far and suggesting areas where further analysis and research will be required

The Forthcoming Ec Directive On Unfair Commercial Practices

Author: Hugh Collins
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041122249
Size: 78.98 MB
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To encourage cross-border transactions in the Single Market of the European Community, the Commission has proposed general framework legislation to set general standards that forbid unfair marketing practices towards consumers, thereby increasing consumer confidence when deciding whether or not to shop abroad in the Community, either in person or through modern methods of electronic purchasing through the Internet. The essays in this volume critically examine the proposed Directive that prohibits unfair commercial practices, and in particular they consider the potential legal and economic implications of a legal duty to trade fairly in the context of general contract law, the protection of consumers, and the needs of competition policy. The distinguished authors of these essays, from Finland, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, and the United Kingdom, explain the different approaches of national legal systems to the legal regulation of marketing practices, and assess the compatibility of the proposed Directive with national law and its likely success in achieving the promotion of trade in the Single Market. About the authorHugh Collins is Professor of English Law at the London School of Economics. He studied law at Oxford and Harvard. He has published extensively in the field of contract law including The Law of Contract 4th ed (London, Butterworths, 2003), and Regulating Contracts (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1999).

Consumer Law And Policy

Author: Iain Ramsay
Publisher: Hart Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 36.63 MB
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Consumer law and policy has developed significantly since the first edition of this book. This fully revised edition takes into account these developments while maintaining much of the structure of the earlier edition. This edition includes material on the effects of globalisation, the many European initiatives, the growth of a new regulatory state in the UK and changes in the theory and practice of regulation of consumer markets. It incorporates recent legislative and judicial developments of the law, blending substantial extracts from primary legal materials such as case law, policy documents, and legislative materials, with a policy framework that includes references to comparative approaches. It includes a case study of the regulation of unfair terms in consumer contracts by the Office of Fair Trading, and discussion of the role of consumer law and policy in electronic commerce and the regulation of markets for consumer services. The book provides a critical introduction to the legal regulation of consumer markets by situating it within the context of broader debates about rationales for regulation, the role of the state and the growth of neo-liberalism.

Consumer Redress For Misleading And Aggressive Practices

Author: Great Britain. Law Commission
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780118405102
Size: 10.27 MB
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The Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008 (the Regulations) prohibit misleading and aggressive trade practices. The Regulations implemented a European directive, replacing 23 previous UK consumer protection measures, including most of the Trade Descriptions Act 1968. They are enforced mainly by the Office of Fair Trading and by trading standards services. Under current law, consumers do not have a right to compensation if a trader breaches the Regulations. Instead consumers must rely on a variety of private causes of action: some statutory, some based on case law. These are complex, confusing and patchy. This Consultation Paper aims to: (1) simplify redress for misleading commercial practices; (2) simplify redress for aggressive commercial practices; and (3) fill gaps in protection, where a consumer is unable to gain redress for serious breaches of the Regulations.

The Concept Of Abuse In Eu Competition Law

Author: Pinar Akman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847318908
Size: 73.27 MB
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The objective(s) of Article 102 TFEU, what exactly makes a practice abusive and the standard of harm under Article 102 TFEU have not yet been settled. This lack of clarity creates uncertainty for businesses and, coupled with the current state of economics in this area, raises an important question of legitimacy. Using law and economic approaches, this book inquires into the possible objectives of Article 102 TFEU and proposes a modern approach to interpreting 'abuse'. In doing so, this book establishes an overarching concept of 'abuse' that conforms to the historical roots of the provision, to the text of the provision itself, and to modern economic thinking on unilateral conduct. This book therefore inquires into what Article 102 TFEU is about, what it can be about and what it should be about regarding both objectives and scope. The book demonstrates that the separation of exploitative abuse from exclusionary abuse is artificial and unsound. It examines the roots of Article 102 TFEU and the historical context of the adoption of the Treaty, the case law, policy and literature on exploitative abuses and, where relevant, on exclusionary abuses. The book investigates potential objectives, such as fairness and welfare, as well as the potential conflict between such objectives. Finally, it critically assesses the European Commission's modernisation of Article 102 TFEU, before proposing a reformed approach to 'abuse' which is centred on three necessary and sufficient conditions: exploitation, exclusion and a lack of an increase in efficiency.