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Federalism And Democratisation In Russia

Author: Cameron Ross
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 184779534X
Size: 22.67 MB
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This text combines theoretical perspectives with empirical work, to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions of Russia. It also assesses the impact of these different institutional arrangements on democratization and federalism, moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratization at the local level and to the study of federalism in Russia.

Federalism Democratization And The Rule Of Law In Russia

Author: Jeffrey Kahn
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191529966
Size: 32.61 MB
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Combining the approaches of three fields of scholarship - political science, law and Russian area- tudies - the author explores the foundations and future of the Russian Federation. Russia's political elite have struggled to build an extraordinarily complex federal system, one that incorporates eighty-nine different units and scores of different ethnic groups, which sometimes harbor long histories of resentment against Russian imperial and Soviet legacies. This book examines the public debates, official documents and political deals that built Russia's federal house on very unsteady foundations, often out of the ideological, conceptual and physical rubble of the ancien régime. One of the major goals of this book is, where appropriate, to bring together the insights of comparative law and comparative politics in the study of the development of Russia's attempts to create - as its constitution states in the very first article - a 'Democratic, federal, rule-of-law state'

Local Politics And Democratization In Russia

Author: Cameron Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134327439
Size: 37.27 MB
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This comprehensive study of local politics in Russia shows that the key reforms of local government, and the struggle to forge viable grassroots democracies have been inextricably linked to the wider struggle for power between the regions and the Kremlin, and to the specific nature of Russia’s highly politicized and negotiated form of asymmetrical federalism. During the Yeltsin era all attempts to create a universal and uniform system of local-self-government in the federation were a failure. Under the protection of their constitutions and charters, and the extra-constitutional rights and powers granted to them in special bilateral treaties, regional leaders, particularly in Russia’s 21 ethnic republics were able to instigate highly authoritarian regimes and to thwart the implementation key local government reforms. Thus, by the end of the Yeltsin era the number of municipalities, their type, status and powers, varied tremendously from region to region. Putin’s local government reforms also need to be viewed as an integral component of his wider centralizing political agenda, and his assault on the principles and practices of federalism. With the instigation of his ‘dictatorship of law’ and ‘power vertical’, Putin has thwarted the development of grassroots democracy and overseen the creation of local ‘electoral authoritarian’ regimes. Putin’s new system of local self-government marks a victory for the proponents of the ‘statist concept’ of local self-government over those who championed the ‘societal concept’, codified in Article 12 of the Russian Constitution. Overall, this book is an important resource for anyone seeking to understand politics in Putin’s Russia.

Federalism And Local Politics In Russia

Author: Cameron Ross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113407557X
Size: 64.16 MB
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This book examines federalism and regional and local politics in Russia. Many commentators have alluded to the unique nature of Russia's dual transition and its difficult task of simultaneously reforming its economy and polity. But there is in fact a third transition under way in Russia that is of no less importance, the need to reconfigure central-local relations and to create a stable and viable form of federalism. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. The book discusses how Vladimir Putin has re-asserted the power of the centre in Russia, and tightened the federal government's control of the regions. It shows how, contrary to his rhetoric about developing Russia as a free and democratic state, authoritarianism has been extended - through his reorganisation of the Federation Council, his usurpation of powers to dismiss regional assemblies and chief executives, and his creation of seven unelected super-governors. The book explores a wide range of issues related to these developments, including a comparative study of Russian federalism and local politics, ethnic federalism, the merging of federal units, regional governors, electoral and party reforms, and regional and local politics. It also includes case studies of local and regional politics in specific regions.

The Politics Of Inequality In Russia

Author: Thomas F. Remington
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499718
Size: 21.18 MB
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This book investigates the relationship between the character of political regimes in Russia's subnational regions and the structure of earnings and income. Based on extensive data from Russian official sources and surveys conducted by the World Bank, the book shows that income inequality is higher in more pluralistic regions. It argues that the relationship between firms and government differs between more democratic and more authoritarian regional regimes. In more democratic regions, business firms and government have more cooperative relations, restraining the power of government over business and encouraging business to invest more, pay more and report more of their wages. Average wages are higher in more democratic regions and poverty is lower, but wage and income inequality are also higher. The book argues that the rising inequality in postcommunist Russia reflects the inability of a weak state to carry out a redistributive social policy.

Cohesion And Discipline In Legislatures

Author: Reuven Y. Hazan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136797165
Size: 43.68 MB
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The existence of noticeable 'unified' parties is central to the theory and practice of democracy in general, and to parliamentary democracy in particular. However, legislative studies scholars have good reason to cease treating parties as monolithic, unitary actors, for they evidently are not. The first step in this direction is to ask why one of t

Routledge Handbook Of Regionalism Federalism

Author: John Loughlin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136727698
Size: 42.52 MB
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Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive. The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.

Elusive Russia

Author: Katlijn Malfliet
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9058676080
Size: 65.85 MB
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Since President Vladimir Putin came to power in Russia in 1999, the country's domestic political process has undergone continuous change; it remains unclear if Russia is on the road toward democracy, diverting from this path, or heading in the opposite direction.To address urgent questions about Russia's post-Soviet democratization process, Elusive Russia brings together the views of four leading experts on Russian state identity and institutional reform to share their original approaches to some key components of today's Russian politics.

The Concept Of Russia

Author: Katlijn Malfliet
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9789058673459
Size: 34.20 MB
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"This book is a collection of the contributions to the lecture series 'The Concept of Russia: Patterns for Political Development in the Russian Federation', which was organized in the spring of 2003 by the Chair Interbrew-Baillet Latour at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K. U. Leuven). Throughout this series of lectures, the Chair sought to study the quest for Russian identity, approaching this multi-layered and diffuse problem from a historical, political, cultural and economic perspective."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Regional Politics In Russia

Author: Cameron Ross
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719058905
Size: 59.22 MB
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The contributors here argue that Russia will never be able to create a viable democracy as long as authoritarian regimes are able to flourish in the regions. The main themes covered are democratization at the regional level, and the problems faced by the federal states in forging viable democratic institutions in what is now a highly asymmetrical Federation. A major strength of the book lies in its combination of thematic chapters with case studies of particular regions and republics. Electoral politics are also considered fully, before the book goes on to consider the whole issue of regional politics and democratization in five particular areas of Russia - Novgorod, the Komi Republic, Russia's Far East, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.