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Finite Element Techniques For Fluid Flow

Author: J. J. Connor
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 1483161161
Size: 29.76 MB
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Finite Element Techniques for Fluid Flow describes the advances in the applications of finite element techniques to fluid mechanics. Topics covered range from weighted residual and variational methods to interpolation functions, inviscid fluids, and flow through porous media. The basic principles and governing equations of fluid mechanics as well as problems related to dispersion and shallow water circulation are also discussed. This text is comprised of nine chapters; the first of which explains some basic definitions and properties as well as the basic principles of weighted residual and variational methods. The reader is then introduced to the simple finite element concepts and models, and gradually to more complex applications. The chapters that follow focus on the governing equations of fluid flow, the solutions to potential type problems, and viscous flow problems in porous media. The solutions to more specialized problems are also presented. This book also considers how circulation problems can be tackled using finite elements, presents a solution to the mass transfer equation, and concludes with an explanation of how to solve general transient incompressible flows. This source will be of use to engineers, applied mathematicians, physicists, self-taught students, and research workers.

Finite Element Methods For Flow Problems

Author: Jean Donea
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471496663
Size: 11.45 MB
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In recent years there have been significant developments in the development of stable and accurate finite element procedures for the numerical approximation of a wide range of fluid mechanics problems. Taking an engineering rather than a mathematical bias, this valuable reference resource details the fundamentals of stabilised finite element methods for the analysis of steady and time-dependent fluid dynamics problems. Organised into six chapters, this text combines theoretical aspects and practical applications and offers coverage of the latest research in several areas of computational fluid dynamics. * Coverage includes new and advanced topics unavailable elsewhere in book form * Collection in one volume of the widely dispersed literature reporting recent progress in this field * Addresses the key problems and offers modern, practical solutions Due to the balance between the concise explanation of the theory and the detailed description of modern practical applications, this text is suitable for a wide audience including academics, research centres and government agencies in aerospace, automotive and environmental engineering.

The Finite Element Method For Fluid Dynamics

Author: Olek C Zienkiewicz
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0080951376
Size: 45.17 MB
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The Finite Element Method for Fluid Dynamics offers a complete introduction the application of the finite element method to fluid mechanics. The book begins with a useful summary of all relevant partial differential equations before moving on to discuss convection stabilization procedures, steady and transient state equations, and numerical solution of fluid dynamic equations. The character-based split (CBS) scheme is introduced and discussed in detail, followed by thorough coverage of incompressible and compressible fluid dynamics, flow through porous media, shallow water flow, and the numerical treatment of long and short waves. Updated throughout, this new edition includes new chapters on: Fluid-structure interaction, including discussion of one-dimensional and multidimensional problems Biofluid dynamics, covering flow throughout the human arterial system Focusing on the core knowledge, mathematical and analytical tools needed for successful computational fluid dynamics (CFD), The Finite Element Method for Fluid Dynamics is the authoritative introduction of choice for graduate level students, researchers and professional engineers. A proven keystone reference in the library of any engineer needing to understand and apply the finite element method to fluid mechanics Founded by an influential pioneer in the field and updated in this seventh edition by leading academics who worked closely with Olgierd C. Zienkiewicz Features new chapters on fluid-structure interaction and biofluid dynamics, including coverage of one-dimensional flow in flexible pipes and challenges in modeling systemic arterial circulation

The Finite Element Method In Heat Transfer And Fluid Dynamics Third Edition

Author: J. N. Reddy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420085980
Size: 58.32 MB
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As Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Computational Heat Transfer (CHT) evolve and become increasingly important in standard engineering design and analysis practice, users require a solid understanding of mechanics and numerical methods to make optimal use of available software. The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics, Third Edition illustrates what a user must know to ensure the optimal application of computational procedures—particularly the Finite Element Method (FEM)—to important problems associated with heat conduction, incompressible viscous flows, and convection heat transfer. This book follows the tradition of the bestselling previous editions, noted for their concise explanation and powerful presentation of useful methodology tailored for use in simulating CFD and CHT. The authors update research developments while retaining the previous editions’ key material and popular style in regard to text organization, equation numbering, references, and symbols. This updated third edition features new or extended coverage of: Coupled problems and parallel processing Mathematical preliminaries and low-speed compressible flows Mode superposition methods and a more detailed account of radiation solution methods Variational multi-scale methods (VMM) and least-squares finite element models (LSFEM) Application of the finite element method to non-isothermal flows Formulation of low-speed, compressible flows With its presentation of realistic, applied examples of FEM in thermal and fluid design analysis, this proven masterwork is an invaluable tool for mastering basic methodology, competently using existing simulation software, and developing simpler special-purpose computer codes. It remains one of the very best resources for understanding numerical methods used in the study of fluid mechanics and heat transfer phenomena.

The Finite Element Method In Heat Transfer And Fluid Dynamics Second Edition

Author: J. N. Reddy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849323553
Size: 57.99 MB
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The numerical simulation of fluid mechanics and heat transfer problems is now a standard part of engineering practice. The widespread availability of capable computing hardware has led to an increased demand for computer simulations of products and processes during their engineering design and manufacturing phases. The range of fluid mechanics and heat transfer applications of finite element analysis has become quite remarkable, with complex, realistic simulations being carried out on a routine basis. The award-winning first edition of The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics brought this powerful methodology to those interested in applying it to the significant class of problems dealing with heat conduction, incompressible viscous flows, and convection heat transfer. The Second Edition of this bestselling text continues to provide the academic community and industry with up-to-date, authoritative information on the use of the finite element method in the study of fluid mechanics and heat transfer. Extensively revised and thoroughly updated, new and expanded material includes discussions on difficult boundary conditions, contact and bulk nodes, change of phase, weighted-integral statements and weak forms, chemically reactive systems, stabilized methods, free surface problems, and much more. The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics offers students a pragmatic treatment that views numerical computation as a means to an end and does not dwell on theory or proof. Mastering its contents brings a firm understanding of the basic methodology, competence in using existing simulation software, and the ability to develop some simpler, special purpose computer codes.

The Intermediate Finite Element Method

Author: Darrell W. Pepper
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781560323099
Size: 32.29 MB
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This book is a follow-up to the introductory text written by the same authors. The primary emphasis on this book is linear and nonlinear partial differential equations with particular concentration on the equations of viscous fluid motion. Each chapter describes a particular application of the finite element method and illustrates the concepts through example problems. A comprehensive appendix lists computer codes for 2-D fluid flow and two 3-D transient codes.

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Author: T. J. Chung
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521594165
Size: 27.75 MB
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Increasingly, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques are being used to study and solve complex fluid flow and heat transfer problems. This comprehensive book ranges from elementary concepts for the beginner to state-of-the-art CFD for the practitioner. It begins with CFD preliminaries, in which the basic principles of finite difference (FD), finite element (FE), and finite volume (FV) methods are discussed and illustrated through examples, with step-by-step hand calculations. Then, FD and FE methods respectively are covered, including both historical developments and recent contributions. The next section is devoted to structured and unstructured grids, adaptive methods, computing techniques, and parallel processing. Finally, the author describes a variety of practical applications to problems in turbulence, reacting flows and combustion, acoustics, combined mode radiative heat transfer, multiphase flows, electromagnetic fields, and relativistic astrophysical flows. Students and practitioners - particularly in mechanical, aerospace, chemical, and civil engineering - will use this authoritative text to learn about and apply numerical techniques to the solution of fluid dynamics problems.

Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics Techniques

Author: Rainald Löhner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471498438
Size: 55.86 MB
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Computational Fluid Dynamics, or CFD - the science of how to efficiently solve numerically the Partial Differential equations describing the motion of fluids - is common in many areas of engineering. This is hardly surprising, as so many engineering objects, materials and processes deal with fluids (for example, aero- and hydrodynamics, melts, polymer extrusion, and bioengineering). Given the pervasive use of simulation techniques and virtual prototyping in egineering, physics and medicine, the CFD software business has been growing at a rate of approximately 250er year. This book introduces the reader to the techniques required to achieve efficient CFD solvers, and examines a wide range of topics including: data structures grid generation approximation theory approximation of operators solving of large systems of equations Euler and Navier-Stokes solvers, including TVD and FCT techniques mesh movement algorithms interpolation techniques adaptive mesh refinement efficient use of supercomputing hardware In addition, it covers the different topics and disciplines required to carry out a CFD run in the order they appear or are required during a run, rather than in the historical order in which these topics first appeared in CFD. Moreover, heavy emphasis is placed on CFD using unstructured, i.e. unordered grids of triangles and tetrahedra, as the only successfully industrialized CFD codes that provide user-support, updates and an evolving technology to a larger user base are based on unstructured grids. Also, once the problem has been defined for this more general class of grids, reverting to structured grids is a simple matter. Students and practicing engineers in CFD, fluid mechanics and related disciplines who purhcase Applied CFD Techniques will find it to be much more practical than other books currently available, as well as offering the benefits of valuable features (such as the inclusion of pieces of pseudo-code) in addtion to those outlined above.

Finite Element Techniques In Groundwater Flow Studies

Author: I. Kazda
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444598324
Size: 33.72 MB
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The finite element method (FEM) is one of those modern numerical methods whose rise and development was incited by the rapid development of computers. This method has found applications in all the technical disciplines as well as in the natural sciences. One of the most effective applications of the finite element method is its use for the solution of groundwater flow problems encountered in the design and maintenance of hydraulic structures and tailing dams, in soil mechanics, hydrology, hydrogeology and engineering geology. The stimuli to write this book came from the results obtained in the solution of practical problems connected both with the construction and maintenance of fill-type dams and tailing dams and the utilization of groundwater in Czechoslovakia, and on the other hand from the experience gained in teaching hydraulic structures theory at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Technical University of Prague. All the experience so far obtained shows markedly the advantages of the finite element method and the great possibilities of its further development as well as its considerable demands on the algorithmization, programming and use of computer possibilities. The reader will find an explanation of the fundamentals of the finite element method directed mainly toward isoparametric elements having an exceptional adaptability and numerical reliability. The finite element method application to groundwater flow concerns mainly two-dimensional problems, which occur most frequently in practice. Considerable attention is given to non-linear and non-stationary problems, which are most important in application. A computer program (based on the eight-noded isoparametric elements) is included and fully documented. The book will be useful to civil engineers, hydrogeologists and engineering geologists who need the finite element method as a solution tool for the complex problems encountered in engineering practice.

Implementation Of Finite Element Methods For Navier Stokes Equations

Author: F. Thomasset
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642870473
Size: 30.18 MB
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In structure mechanics analysis, finite element methods are now well estab lished and well documented techniques; their advantage lies in a higher flexibility, in particular for: (i) The representation of arbitrary complicated boundaries; (ii) Systematic rules for the developments of stable numerical schemes ap proximating mathematically wellposed problems, with various types of boundary conditions. On the other hand, compared to finite difference methods, this flexibility is paid by: an increased programming complexity; additional storage require ment. The application of finite element methods to fluid mechanics has been lagging behind and is relatively recent for several types of reasons: (i) Historical reasons: the early methods were invented by engineers for the analysis of torsion, flexion deformation of bearns, plates, shells, etc ... (see the historics in Strang and Fix (1972) or Zienckiewicz (1977». (ii) Technical reasons: fluid flow problems present specific difficulties: strong gradients,l of the velocity or temperature for instance, may occur which a finite mesh is unable to properly represent; a remedy lies in the various upwind finite element schemes which recently turned up, and which are reviewed in chapter 2 (yet their effect is just as controversial as in finite differences). Next, waves can propagate (e.g. in ocean dynamics with shallowwaters equations) which will be falsely distorted by a finite non regular mesh, as Kreiss (1979) pointed out. We are concerned in this course with the approximation of incompressible, viscous, Newtonian fluids, i.e. governed by N avier Stokes equations.