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Forgotten Foundations Of Bretton Woods

Author: Eric Helleiner
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801470617
Size: 41.78 MB
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Eric Helleiner's new book provides a powerful corrective to conventional accounts of the negotiations at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in 1944. These negotiations resulted in the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank—the key international financial institutions of the postwar global economic order. Critics of Bretton Woods have argued that its architects devoted little attention to international development issues or the concerns of poorer countries. On the basis of extensive historical research and access to new archival sources, Helleiner challenges these assumptions, providing a major reinterpretation that will interest all those concerned with the politics and history of the global economy, North-South relations, and international development. The Bretton Woods architects—who included many officials and analysts from poorer regions of the world—discussed innovative proposals that anticipated more contemporary debates about how to reconcile the existing liberal global economic order with the development aspirations of emerging powers such as India, China, and Brazil. Alongside the much-studied Anglo-American relationship was an overlooked but pioneering North-South dialogue. Helleiner’s unconventional history brings to light not only these forgotten foundations of the Bretton Woods system but also their subsequent neglect after World War II.

Global Perspectives On The Bretton Woods Conference And The Post War World Order

Author: Giles Scott-Smith
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319608916
Size: 28.16 MB
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This book repositions the groundbreaking Bretton Woods conference of July 1944 as the first large-scale multilateral North-South dialogue on global financial governance. It moves beyond the usual focus on Anglo-American interests by highlighting the influence of delegations from Latin America, India, the Soviet Union, France, and others. It also investigates how state and private interests intermingled, collided, and compromised during the negotiations on the way to a set of regulations and institutions that still partly frame global economic governance in the early twenty-first century. Together, these essays lay the groundwork for a more comprehensive analysis of Bretton Woods as a pivotal site of multilateralism in international history.

Thinking The Balkans Out Of The Box

Author: Christophe Solioz
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
ISBN: 3845285532
Size: 58.61 MB
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Thinking the Balkans out of the Box lässt die üblichen engen, oft staatszentrierten Auffassungen von der europäischen Integration und der regionalen Kooperation mit Blick auf Südosteuropa hinter sich. Auf der Grundlage von Fallstudien zeigt das Buch allgemeine wie spezifische Züge der Integration und der Regionsbildung im Rahmen der Konzepte eines "frühen", "alten", "neuen" und "vergleichenden Regionalismus", die sich eher ergänzen, als dass sie einander wechselseitig ausschließen. In einem weiten zeitlichen Horizont werden diese vier aufeinander folgenden Ansätze in ihrem jeweiligen Kontext betrachtet: der Nachkriegszeit, dem Kalten Krieg, der Zeit nach 1989 und der gegenwärtigen hypertextuellen oder multiplexen Weltordnung. Heute sind Integration und Regionalisierung eng miteinander verbunden und deutlich heterogener, offener, inklusiver, umfassender und multidimensional.

International Development

Author: Corinna R. Unger
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472576322
Size: 65.63 MB
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International Development: A Postwar History offers the first concise historical overview of international development policies and practices in the 20th century. Embracing a longue durée perspective, the book describes the emergence of the development field at the intersection of late colonialism, the Second World War, the onset of decolonization, and the Cold War. It discusses the role of international organizations, colonial administrations, national governments, and transnational actors in the making of the field, and it analyzes how the political, intellectual, and economic changes over the course of the postwar period affected the understanding of and expectations toward development. By drawing on examples of development projects in different parts of the world and in different fields, Corinna R. Unger shows how the plurality of development experiences shaped the notion of development as we know it today. This book is ideal for scholars seeking to understand the history of development assistance and to gain new insight into the international history of the 20th century.

Ruling Capital

Author: Kevin P. Gallagher
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801454603
Size: 43.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Ruling Capital, Kevin P. Gallagher demonstrates how several emerging market and developing countries (EMDs) managed to reregulate cross-border financial flows in the wake of the global financial crisis, despite the political and economic difficulty of doing so at the national level. Gallagher also shows that some EMDs, particularly the BRICS coalition, were able to maintain or expand their sovereignty to regulate cross-border finance under global economic governance institutions. Gallagher combines econometric analysis with in-depth interviews with officials and interest groups in select emerging markets and policymakers at the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, and the G-20 to explain key characteristics of the global economy. Gallagher develops a theory of countervailing monetary power that shows how emerging markets can counter domestic and international opposition to the regulation of cross-border finance. Although many countries were able to exert countervailing monetary power in the wake of the crisis, such power was not sufficient to stem the magnitude of unstable financial flows that continue to plague the world economy. Drawing on this theory, Gallagher outlines the significant opportunities and obstacles to regulating cross-border finance in the twenty-first century.

The Contemporary Reform Of Global Financial Governance

Author: Eric Helleiner
Size: 56.50 MB
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As the world experiences its worst financial crisis since the 1930s, policymakers are increasingly calling for a "Bretton Woods II". To claim the mantle of the 1944 conference, officials will need to be more creative about global financial reform than they have been so far in the three areas where the Bretton Woods architects innovated: 1) the regulation of international financial markets, 2) the management of global imbalances, and 3) the promotion of international development. Important to all these topics is also the need to adjust global financial governance to today's more decentralized international political environment.