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Gaseous Hydrogen Embrittlement Of Materials In Energy Technologies

Author: Richard P Gangloff
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857095374
Size: 33.50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Many modern energy systems are reliant on the production, transportation, storage, and use of gaseous hydrogen. The safety, durability, performance and economic operation of these systems is challenged by operating-cycle dependent degradation by hydrogen of otherwise high performance materials. This important two-volume work provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the latest research into managing hydrogen embrittlement in energy technologies. Volume 2 is divided into three parts, part one looks at the mechanisms of hydrogen interactions with metals including chapters on the adsorption and trap-sensitive diffusion of hydrogen and its impact on deformation and fracture processes. Part two investigates modern methods of modelling hydrogen damage so as to predict material-cracking properties. The book ends with suggested future directions in science and engineering to manage the hydrogen embrittlement of high-performance metals in energy systems. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Volume 2 of Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of materials in energy technologies is an invaluable reference tool for engineers, designers, materials scientists, and solid mechanicians working with safety-critical components fabricated from high performance materials required to operate in severe environments based on hydrogen. Impacted technologies include aerospace, petrochemical refining, gas transmission, power generation and transportation. Summarises the wealth of recent research on understanding and dealing with the safety, durability, performance and economic operation of using gaseous hydrogen at high pressure Chapters review mechanisms of hydrogen embrittlement including absorption, diffusion and trapping of hydrogen in metals Analyses ways of modelling hydrogen-induced damage and assessing service life

Thermochemical Surface Engineering Of Steels

Author: Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096524
Size: 69.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Thermochemical surface engineering significantly improves the properties of steels. Edited by two of the world’s leading authorities, this important book summarises the range of techniques and their applications. It covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing. There are also chapters on low temperature techniques as well as boriding, sheradizing, aluminizing, chromizing, thermo-reactive deposition and diffusion. Reviews the fundamentals of surface treatments and current performance of improved materials Covers nitriding, nitrocarburizing and carburizing of iron and iron carbon alloys Examines how different thermochemical surface engineering methods can help against corrosion

Future Development Of Thermal Spray Coatings

Author: Nuria Espallargas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097741
Size: 38.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings discusses the latest developments and research trends in the thermal spray industry. The book presents a timely guide to new applications and techniques. After an introduction to thermal spray coatings by the editor, Part One covers new types and properties of thermal spray coatings. Chapters look at feedstock suspensions and solutions, the application of solution precursor spray techniques to obtain ceramic films and coatings, cold spray techniques and warm spray technology amongst others. Part Two of the book moves on to discuss new applications for thermal spray coatings such as the use of thermal spray coatings in environmental barrier coatings, thermal spray coatings in renewable energy applications and manufacturing engineering in thermal spray technologies by advanced robot systems and process kinematics. Timely guide on the current advancements and research trends in thermal spray technology Reviews different types of thermal spray coatings Presents a wide variety of applications for this emerging technology

Iron Ore

Author: Liming Lu
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782421599
Size: 16.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Iron Ore: Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Issues summarizes recent, key research on the characterization of iron ores, including important topics such as beneficiation (separation and refining), agglomeration (e.g., production of pellets or powders), blast furnace technology for smelting, and environmental issues relating to its production. The text is an ideal reference on the topic during a time when iron ore production has increased significantly, driven by increasing demand from countries such as India and China. Provides a comprehensive overview of the global iron ore industry, exploring its characteristics and characterization Expert analysis of quality requirements for iron production, iron ore agglomeration technologies, environmental issues, and low-emission technologies Timely text to accompany the increased iron ore production occurring in developing countries like India and China

Rare Earth Based Corrosion Inhibitors

Author: Maria Forsyth
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857093584
Size: 64.36 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

Handbook Of Smart Coatings For Materials Protection

Author: Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096885
Size: 76.53 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A smart coating is defined as one that changes its properties in response to an environmental stimulus. The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection. Part one explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing. Chapters review corrosion processes and strategies for prevention; smart coatings for corrosion protection; techniques for synthesizing and applying smart coatings; multi-functional, self-healing coatings; and current and future trends of protective coatings for automotive, aerospace, and military applications. Chapters in part two focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection, including self-healing anticorrosion coatings for structural and petrochemical engineering applications; smart self-healing coatings for corrosion protection of aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys and steel; smart nanocoatings for corrosion detection and control; and recent advances in polyaniline-based organic coatings for corrosion protection. Chapters in part three move on to highlight other types of smart coatings, including smart self-cleaning coatings for corrosion protection; smart polymer nanocomposite water- and oil-repellent coatings for aluminum; UV-curable organic polymer coatings for corrosion protection of steel; smart epoxy coatings for early detection of corrosion in steel and aluminum; and structural ceramics with self-healing properties. The Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection is a valuable reference for those concerned with preventing corrosion, particularly of metals, professionals working within the surface coating industries, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the field. Reviews the new generation of smart coatings for corrosion and other types of material protection Explores the fundamentals of smart coatings for materials protection including types, materials, design, and processing Includes a focus on smart coatings with self-healing properties for corrosion protection

Flame Hardening

Author: Hans Wilhelm Grönegress
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642867219
Size: 65.46 MB
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This book intended for shop use tries to familiarize the reader with the peculiari ties of a hardening method which due to its many advantages is now in use,many shops. A general knowledge of the principles of hardening and heat treating is presumed. Introduction 1. The name of the process. Flame hardening is a method derived from the old quench hardening and is used for the surface hardening of heat treatable steels. Flame hardening is so named in analogy to flame cutting as the use of a flame is a distinctive feature of this process as opposed to the use of a furnace. 2. Characteristics of flame hardening. In flame hardening the area to be 6 hardened is heated with a burner of large heat capacity (approx. 0.5 · 10 kcaljhr/ meter of flame lengths or 50,000 BTUfhr/inch of flame length) supplied with a mixture of fuel gas and oxygen. The hardening temperature is thus reached in so short a time at the surface that a heat jam is created, that is, more heat is supplied to the surface than can be dissipated to the interior of the workpiece. As the querr ehing takes place immediately after the heating the penetration of the heat to greater depth is prevented and only the outer layer subject to wear is hardened. The core of the workpiece remains unaffected by this heat treatment in cantrast to the other hardening methods where the entire piece is through heated in a furnace.