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Global Value Chains In A Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms
ISBN: 9789287038821
Size: 66.74 MB
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Services In Global Value Chains

Author: Patrick Low
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9813141476
Size: 45.73 MB
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This compilation of 22 firm-specific case studies is an important contribution to the discussion of 'servicification' trends in manufacturing. 'Services have increased in importance and value in many manufacturing value chains, making companies that produce physical products look more like service enterprises. What services do global value chains use in their operations, how important are they and how do economic policies shape firms' configurations, operations, and location of global value chains? This book addresses these questions and more. The interviewed firms, based in 12 APEC economies, come from different sectors ranging from multinational automotive, construction equipment, and electrical appliance manufacturers to small and medium manufacturers of watches or chemical for water treatment. The book analyses what specific services are important in different stages of the value chain, and whether they are typically provided in-house or outsourced. Contents:Manufacturing-Related Services (Patrick Low and Gloria O Pasadilla)Manufacturing of Aircraft Control Systems in the Philippines (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Industrial Welding Services in Thailand (William Haines)Manufacturing of Mining and Construction Equipment (David Sit and Patrick Low)Manufacturing of Computer Servers (Yuhua Zhang)Wastewater Treatment Services (Arian Hassani and Andre Wirjo)Manufacturing of Automotive Components in the ASEAN Region (Denise Cheung)Manufacturing of Oil and Gas Industry Equipment in Singapore (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Car Manufacturing in the Philippines (Sherry Stephenson)Manufacturing of Thermal Power Generation Equipment (Gloria O Pasadilla)Production of Precision Die and Machine Parts in Thailand (Denise Cheung and Andre Wirjo)Manufacturing of Refrigerators (David Sit)Watch Manufacturing (Deborah Elms)Manufacturing of Automotive Components in Mexico: Perspectives from Three Firms (Andre Wirjo, Gloria O Pasadilla and Joel G Bassig)Manufacturing of Telecommunications Equipment (Huani Zhu and Gloria O Pasadilla)Manufacturing of Printed Circuit Boards in Canada (Ben Shepherd)Wine Industry in Chile (Karina Fernandez-Stark and Penny Bamber)Integrated Logistics Solutions Provider in Mexico (Andre Wirjo and Gloria O Pasadilla)Remanufacturing Services in the Construction Machinery Value Chain (Katherine Tait and Gary Gereffi)Manufacturing of Consumer Electronic Appliances in Indonesia (Emmanuel A San Andres)Fresh Cherry Industry in Chile (Penny Bamber and Karina Fernandez-Stark) Readership: Researchers, students and academics who are interested in international trade; trade economists; policymakers and general public who are interested in manufacturing related topics.

Local Clusters In Global Value Chains

Author: Valentina De Marchi
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351723995
Size: 50.72 MB
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The international fragmentation of economic activities – from research and design to production and marketing – described through the lens of the global value chain (GVC) approach impacts the structure and performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) agglomerated in economic clusters. The consolidation of GVCs ruled by global lead firms and the recession of 2008-09 exacerbated the pressures on cluster actors that based their competitive advantage on local systems, spurring an increasing heterogeneity, both across and within clusters, that is still overlooked in the literature. Drawing on detailed studies of different industries and countries, Local Clusters in Global Value Chains shows the co-evolutionary trajectories of clusters and GVCs, and the role of firms and their strategies in organizing manufacturing and innovation activities in the context of ongoing technological shifts. The book explores the tension between place-based variables and global drivers of change, and the possibility for territories containing such clusters to prosper in the new global scenario. By adopting insights from the GVC framework and management studies, the book discusses how the internationalization strategies of firms create opportunities as well as constraints for adaptive upgrading in clusters. This book is of interest to both researchers and policy-makers who are interested in the dynamic sources of competitive advantage in the global economy.

Breaking Up The Global Value Chain

Author: Torben Pedersen
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787432432
Size: 11.70 MB
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Recent developments are challenging the traditional separation between advanced and emerging economies as host of knowledge and production-intensive activities, respectively. Authors assess whether the co-location of R&D and manufacturing is critical for development and innovation.

East Asia And Pacific Economic Update April 2014

Author: World Bank World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464802963
Size: 68.65 MB
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Developing countries in the East Asia Pacific region will see stable economic growth this year, bolstered by a recovery in high-income economies and the market’s modest response so far to the Federal Reserve’s tapering of its quantitative easing, according to the East Asia Pacific Economic Update. Developing East Asia will grow by 7.1 percent this year, largely unchanged from 2013, the report says. As a result, East Asia remains the fastest growing region in the world, despite a slowdown from the average growth rate of 8.0 percent from 2009 to 2013. In China, growth will ease slightly, to 7.6 percent this year from 7.7 percent in 2013. Excluding China, the developing countries in the region will grow by 5.0 percent, slightly down from 5.2 percent last year.

World Trade Report 2014

Author: World Trade Organization
ISBN: 9789287039125
Size: 25.54 MB
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The World Trade Report is an annual publication that aims to deepen understanding about trends in trade, trade policy issues and the multilateral trading system. Each year, a new aspect of world trade is analyzed in detail. The World Trade Report 2014 looks at four major trends that have changed the relationship between trade and development since the start of the millennium: the economic rise of developing economies, the growing integration of global production through supply chains, the higher prices for agricultural goods and natural resources, and the increasing interdependence of the world economy.

The System Worked

Author: Daniel W. Drezner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199912122
Size: 73.17 MB
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International institutions, from the International Monetary Fund to the International Olympic Committee, are perceived as bastions of sclerotic mediocrity at best and outright corruption at worst, and this perception is generally not far off the mark. In the wake of the 2008 financial crash, Daniel W. Drezner, like so many others, looked at the smoking ruins of the global economy and wondered why global economic governance structure had failed so spectacularly, and what could be done to reform them in the future. But then a funny thing happened. As he surveyed their actions in the wake of the crash, he realized that the evidence pointed to the exact opposite conclusion: global economic governance had succeeded. In The System Worked, Drezner, a renowned political scientist and international relations expert, contends that despite the massive scale and reverberations of this latest crisis (larger, arguably, than those that precipitated the Great Depression), the global economy has bounced back remarkably well. Examining the major resuscitation efforts by the G-20 IMF, WTO, and other institutions, he shows that, thanks to the efforts of central bankers and other policymakers, the international response was sufficiently coordinated to prevent the crisis from becoming a full-fledged depression. Yet the narrative about the failure of multilateral economic institutions persists, both because the Great Recession affected powerful nations whose governments managed their own economies poorly, and because the most influential policy analysts who write the books and articles on the crisis hail from those nations. Nevertheless, Drezner argues, while it's true that the global economy is still fragile, these institutions survived the "stress test" of the financial crisis, and may have even become more resilient and valuable in the process. Bucking the conventional wisdom about the new "G-Zero World," Drezner rehabilitates the image of the much-maligned international institutions and demolishes some of the most dangerous myths about the financial crisis. The System Worked is a vital contribution to our understanding of an area where the stakes could not be higher.

Global Value Chains And World Trade

Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Size: 10.14 MB
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"Selection of original papers presented at the international conference 'Latin America's Prospects for Upgrading in Global Value Chains,' held on 14-15 March 2012, at Colegio de Mexico, Mexico City"--Title page vers