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Heat Islands

Author: Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136564209
Size: 80.57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Pavement Materials For Heat Island Mitigation

Author: Hui Li
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128034963
Size: 80.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 1894
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About 90 percent of this excessive heat is due to buildings and pavements that absorb and store solar heat (According to the Green Buildings Council). The only reference that focuses specifically on pavements, Pavement Materials for Heat Island Mitigation: Design and Management Strategies explores different advanced paving materials, their properties, and their associated advantages and disadvantages. Relevant properties of pavement materials (e.g. albedo, permeability, thermal conductivity, heat capacity and evaporation rate) are measured in many cases using newly developed methods. Includes experimental methods for testing different types of pavements materials Identifies different cool pavement strategies with their advantages and associated disadvantages Design and construct local microclimate models to evaluate and validate different cool pavement materials in different climate regions

Environmental Health In The 21st Century From Air Pollution To Zoonotic Diseases 2 Volumes

Author: Richard V. Crume
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1440843651
Size: 14.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This concisely written and easy-to-read resource provides timely information on emerging issues and valuable historical context that enables students to better understand a broad range of environmental health topics, from pollution to infectious diseases, natural disasters, and waste management. • Supplies introductory materials that provide a conceptual framework for readers • Includes contributions from more than 50 expert researchers and practitioners as well as information from interviews with leaders in the environmental health field • Presents historical context for current developments concerning environmental health • Offers suggestions on steps individuals can take to reduce their environmental health risk and stay healthy

American Exodus

Author: Giles Slade
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 1550925482
Size: 29.72 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As temperatures rise, declines in agricultural production and freshwater supply will diminish US carrying capacity by 2/3, and rising sea levels will impact the country's most densely populated regions. A frightening survey of what's to come, American Exodus argues that mankind can survive the coming century of climate chaos if we act quickly to preserve our shelter of last resort.

Urban Heat Islands

Author: Hashem Akbari
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783540883883
Size: 72.29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first book to investigate the causes and effects of urban heat islands, including air quality and heat-related mortality. Coverage includes such inexpensive solutions as light-coloured walls, roofs and pavement, and trees and vegetation.

The Urban Heat Island Effects In Kathmandu

Author: Poonam Amatya
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
ISBN: 9783848411375
Size: 41.78 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Plenty of things are being discussed about the compact cities as a sustainable urban form but has anyone discussed about any adverse effect of these cities to the environment? The local warming effect due to changes in urban fabric can be equally problematic as global warming because it is a major contributor for rising up the atmospheric temperature. This research focuses on urban heat island effect, a form of urban micro-climate, and suggests some mitigation measures for this phenomenon. As the topic is new for Nepal and most of the developing countries, mostly qualitative analysis is done based on literature reviews. The study carried out during the research in Kathmandu showed the presence of urban heat island affect and its growing trend. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to develop some guidelines to minimize as well as adapt the transitional city, Kathmandu, to this increasing urban heat island effect.

Teaching Green

Author: Tim Grant
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 9780865715011
Size: 35.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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A complete resource for "teaching green" to young people in grades 6-8

Designing High Density Cities For Social And Environmental Sustainability

Author: Edward Ng
Publisher: Earthscan
ISBN: 1849774447
Size: 51.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 693
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Compact living is sustainable living. High-density cities can support closer amenities, encourage reduced trip lengths and the use of public transport and therefore reduce transport energy costs and carbon emissions. High-density planning also helps to control the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, improves efficiency in urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements that support higher quality of life in cities. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy and a central principle of growth management programmes used by planners around the world. However, such density creates design challenges and problems. A collection of experts in each of the related architectural and planning areas examines these environmental and social issues, and argues that high-density cities are a sustainable solution. It will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable urban development.