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How Mass Atrocities End

Author: Bridget Conley-Zilkic
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107124379
Size: 30.39 MB
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How do mass atrocities end? Six case studies reveal the decisions and factors that help decrease mass violence against civilians.

Dominant Elites In Latin America

Author: Liisa L. North
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319532553
Size: 16.63 MB
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This volume examines the ways in which the socio-economic elites of the region have transformed and expanded the material bases of their power from the inception of neo-liberal policies in the 1970s through to the so-called progressive ‘pink tide’ governments of the past two decades. The six case study chapters—on Chile, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, El Salvador, and Guatemala—variously explore how state policies and even United Nations peace-keeping missions have enhanced elite control of land and agricultural exports, banks and insurance companies, wholesale and import commerce, industrial activities, and alliances with foreign capital. Chapters also pay attention to the ways in which violence has been deployed to maintain elite power, and how international forces feed into sustaining historic and contemporary configurations of power.

Dealing With Peace

Author: Simon Granovsky-Larsen
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487501439
Size: 20.39 MB
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Dealing with Peace explores the relationship between the Guatemalan campesino social movement and state agrarian institutions in the period since the end of armed conflict in 1996.

Sectarianization

Author: Nader Hashemi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190664886
Size: 64.85 MB
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As the Middle East descends ever deeper into violence and chaos, 'sectarianism' has become a catch-all explanation for the region's troubles. The turmoil is attributed to 'ancient sectarian differences', putatively primordial forces that make violent conflict intractable. In media and policy discussions, sectarianism has come to possess trans-historical causal power. This book trenchantly challenges the lazy use of 'sectarianism' as a magic-bullet explanation for the region's ills, focusing on how various conflicts in the Middle East have morphed from non-sectarian (or cross-sectarian) and nonviolent movements into sectarian wars. Through multiple case studies -- including Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Yemen and Kuwait -- this book maps the dynamics of sectarianisation, exploring not only how but also why it has taken hold. The contributors examine the constellation of forces -- from those within societies to external factors such as the Saudi-Iran rivalry -- that drive the sectarianisation process and explore how the region's politics can be de-sectarianised. Featuring leading scholars -- and including historians, anthropologists, political scientists and international relations theorists -- this book will redefine the terms of debate on one of the most critical issues in international affairs today.