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Humanitarian And Relief Logistics

Author: Vasileios Zeimpekis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461470072
Size: 78.37 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This edited volume highlights recent research advances in humanitarian relief logistics. The contributed chapters span the spectrum of key issues and activities from preparedness to mitigation operations (response), planning and execution. The volume also presents state-of-the-art methods and systems through current case studies. Significant issues in planning and execution of humanitarian relief logistics discussed in this volume include the following: • Approaches that tackle realistic relief distribution networks. In addition to large-scale computing issues, heuristics may handle the complexity and particularities of humanitarian supply chains • Methods that integrate real-time information while effectively coping with time pressure and uncertainty, both of which are inherent to a disaster scene • Judicious recourse strategies that allow a quick and effective restoration of pre-planned solutions whenever an unpredictable event occurs • Coordination of multiple parties that are often involved in managing a disaster, including NGOs, local, state and federal agencies. This volume provides robust evidence that research in humanitarian logistics may lead to substantial improvements in effectiveness and efficiency of disaster relief operations. This is quite encouraging, since the unique characteristics of disaster scenes provide significant opportunities for researchers to investigate novel approaches contributing to logistics research while offering a significant service to society.

Advances In Human Factors And System Interactions

Author: Isabel L. Nunes
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319419560
Size: 28.28 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book reports on cutting-edge research in innovative systems interfaces, with an emphasis on both lifecycle development and human-technology interaction, especially in the cases of virtual, augmented and mixed reality systems. It describes advanced methodologies and tools for evaluating and improving interface usability and covers new models, as well as case studies and good practices. The book reports on considerations of the human, hardware, and software factors in the process of developing interfaces for optimizing total system performance, especially innovative computing technologies for teams dealing with dynamic environments, while minimizing total ownership costs. One of the main purposes is to discuss forces currently shaping the nature of computing and systems including: the needs of decreasing hardware costs; the importance of portability, which translates to the modern tendency of hardware miniaturization and technologies for reducing power requirements; the necessity of a better assimilation of computation in the environment; and social concerns about access to computers and systems for people with special needs. The book, which is based on the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors and System Interactions, held on July 27-31, 2016, in Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, offers a timely survey and practice-oriented guide for systems interface users and developers alike.

Ergonomics In Design

Author: Marcelo M. Soares
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498760716
Size: 23.69 MB
Format: PDF
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Currently people deal with various entities (such as hardware, software, buildings, spaces, communities and other people), to meet specific goals while going about their everyday activities in work and leisure environments. These entities have become more and more complex and incorporate functions that hitherto had never been allocated such as automation, use in virtual environments, connectivity, personalization, mobility and friendliness. This book contributes to the analysis of human-system interactions from the perspective of ergonomics, regardless of how simple or complex they are, while incorporating the needs of users and workers in a healthy safe, efficient and enjoyable manner. This book provides a comprehensive review of the state of the art of current ergonomic in design methods and techniques that are being applied to products, machinery, equipment, workstations and systems while taking new technologies and their applications into consideration. Ergonomics in Design: Methods and Techniques is organized into four sections and 30 chapters covering topics such as conceptual aspects of ergonomics in design, the knowledge of human characteristics applied to design, and the methodological aspects of design. Examples are shown in several areas of design including, but not limited to, consumer products, games, transport, education, architecture, fashion, sustainability, biomechanics, intelligent systems, virtual reality, and neurodesign. This book will: Introduces the newest developments in social-cultural approaches Shows different ergonomics in design methodological approaches Divulges the ways that ergonomics can contribute to a successful design Applies different subjects to support the design including –ergonomics, engineering, architecture, urbanism, neuro, and product designs. Presents recent technologies in ergonomic design, as applied to product design. With the contributions from a team of 75 researchers from 11 countries, the book covers the state-of-the-art of ergonomics in a way to produce better design.

Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

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Size: 78.20 MB
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.