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International Trade Factor Movements And The Environment

Author: Chair of International Economics Department of Economics Michael Rauscher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198290506
Size: 51.19 MB
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Trade and the environment has become a major area of international political dispute. This study investigates the interdependencies between environmental policies and international trade policies.* Does liberalization of international goods and factor markets cause environmental disruption and welfare losses? * Will countries institute lax ecological regulations to favour their domestic producers? * Should trade restrictions be used for environmental reasons and can environmental policy instruments be used to achieve trade-related objectives? * Should there be what the author terms a `green GATT'?The approach is mainly theoretical, and uses traditional trade models like Hekscher--Ohlin as well as non-competitive models of the `new' trade theory and public choice. Some other important but often neglected aspects, such as trade in hazardous wastes and the foreign debt problem, with thepossibility of debt-for-nature swaps, are also considered. Finally International Trade, Factor Movements, and the Environment addresses institutional issues on both national and international levels.The book will be essential reading for all international and environmental economists.

The Economics Of International Trade And The Environment

Author: Amitrajeet A Batabyal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420032623
Size: 12.78 MB
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Issues related to environmental protection and trade liberalization have moved to the forefront of international policy agendas. The Economics of International Trade and the Environment explores - from an economic standpoint - many of the questions that are germane in increasing our knowledge of environmental policy in the presence of international trade and trade policy in the presence of environmental externalities. Ultimately we must ask "What can economic theory tell us about the connections between environmental and trade policy?" This book uses the tools of game and microeconomic theory to analyze diverse issues such as: the effects of international trade in waste products on illegal disposal, the nature of environmental policy when market structure and plant locations are endogenous, and the issue of ecological dumping. The authors apply economic theory to practical settings to ascertain the extent to which this theory can inform policy decisions about problems at the interface of international trade and the environment. Edited by well-known researchers and authors, this is the only resource that can serve as an effective guide to the theoretical and empirical literature on international trade and the environment. The Economics of International Trade and the Environment provides comprehensive coverage on a wide variety of topics and contains the most recent contributions in this area and is suitable as a graduate course in Economics and International Trade

International Environmental Economics

Author: Günther G. Schulze
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199261116
Size: 38.14 MB
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This volume provides an up-to-the-minute review of the open economy approach to analyzing environmental problems and policies, which has produced a wealth of research over the past decade. It contains non-technical, issue-oriented, and comprehensive surveys written by specialists in international and environmental economics. The volume will appeal to scholars and students of economics and political science.

Trade And The Environment

Author: Brian R. Copeland
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400850703
Size: 30.57 MB
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Nowhere has the divide between advocates and critics of globalization been more striking than in debates over free trade and the environment. And yet the literature on the subject is high on rhetoric and low on results. This book is the first to systematically investigate the subject using both economic theory and empirical analysis. Brian Copeland and Scott Taylor establish a powerful theoretical framework for examining the impact of international trade on local pollution levels, and use it to offer a uniquely integrated treatment of the links between economic growth, liberalized trade, and the environment. The results will surprise many. The authors set out the two leading theories linking international trade to environmental outcomes, develop the empirical implications, and examine their validity using data on measured sulfur dioxide concentrations from over 100 cities worldwide during the period from 1971 to 1986. The empirical results are provocative. For an average country in the sample, free trade is good for the environment. There is little evidence that developing countries will specialize in pollution-intensive products with further trade. In fact, the results suggest just the opposite: free trade will shift pollution-intensive goods production from poor countries with lax regulation to rich countries with tight regulation, thereby lowering world pollution. The results also suggest that pollution declines amid economic growth fueled by economy-wide technological progress but rises when growth is fueled by capital accumulation alone. Lucidly argued and authoritatively written, this book will provide students and researchers of international trade and environmental economics a more reliable way of thinking about this contentious issue, and the methodological tools with which to do so.

Handbook Of Environmental And Resource Economics

Author: Jeroen C. J. M. Van den Bergh
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1843768585
Size: 12.57 MB
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This major reference book comprises specially commissioned surveys in environmental and resource economics written by an international team of experts. Authoritative yet accessible, each entry provides a state-of-the-art summary of key areas that will be invaluable to researchers, practitioners and advanced students.

New Directions In The Economic Theory Of The Environment

Author: Carlo Carraro
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521118910
Size: 47.26 MB
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First published in 1997, this volume addressed the growing preoccupation of scientists at the time had in environmental phenomena, such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rains, fresh water and ocean pollution, desertification, deforestation and the loss of bio-diversity. The crucial and pressing nature of these issues spawned says the author a new wave of research in environmental economics. The volume provides broad surveys of the developments in the economics of the environment and reports on the developing set of environmental problems, analytical tools and economic policies. The importance of the developing approach was that environmental problems are no longer isolated from all other economic dimensions. Throughout the volume they are analysed in an open, generally non-competitive economy with transnational or global externalities. The first part deals with the relationship between the environment, economic growth and technological innovation. The second part analyses the optimal design of environmental taxation, while the third part considers the international dimension of environmental policy.

Trade Growth And The Environment

Author: Brian Richard Copeland
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 67.94 MB
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For the last ten years environmentalists and the trade policy community have engaged in a heated debate over the environmental consequences of liberalized trade. The debate was originally fueled by negotiations over the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Uruguay round of GATT negotiations, both of which occurred at a time when concerns over global warming, species extinction and industrial pollution were rising. Recently it has been intensified by the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and proposals for future rounds of trade negotiations. The debate has often been unproductive. It has been hampered by the lack of a common language and also suffered from little recourse to economic theory and empirical evidence. The purpose of this essay is set out what we currently know about the environmental consequences of economic growth and international trade. We critically review both theory and empirical work to answer three basic questions. What do we know about the relationship between international trade, economic growth and the environment? How can this evidence help us evaluate ongoing policy debates? Where do we go from here?

Economics Of The Environment

Author: Horst Siebert
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 9783540639213
Size: 68.81 MB
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"The book interprets nature and the environment as a scarce resource. It offers a theoretical study of the allocation problem and describes different policy approaches to the environmental problem. The entire spectrum of the allocation issue is studied: the use of the environment in a static context, international and trade aspects of environmental allocation, the regional dimension, environmental use over time and under uncertainty. The book incorporates a variety of economic approaches, including neoclassical analysis, the public goods approach and optimization theory. The different aspects of environmental allocation are studied in the context of a model that is used throughout the book. The sixth edition has been enlarged and revised to integrate recent literature. Among others, new sections have been added on ethical aspects of environmental evaluation, pollution and endogenous growth, the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, international and European Union emission trading and biodiversity."--BOOK JACKET.

Sustainable Development And Innovation In The Energy Sector

Author: Ulrich Steger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540231035
Size: 38.20 MB
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This book addresses the reality that there is no consensus on the extent to which innovations can reconcile ever-growing energy consumption, the shrinking availability of resources, and the environmental consequences of fossil-fuel energy use. The contributors explore how these conflicting scenarios could be reconciled; and how we might shape a more sustainable energy system from the existing one.