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Seismic Waves In Laterally Inhomogeneous Media

Author: Ivan Psencik
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034881460
Size: 77.32 MB
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This special issue contains contributions presented at the international workshop Seismic Waves in Laterally Inhomogeneous Media V, which was held at the Castle of Zahrádky, Czech Republic, June 5 - 9, 2000. The workshop, which was attended by about 60 seismologists from 16 countries, was devoted mainly to the current state of theoretical and computational means of study of seismic wave propagation in complex structures. The special issue begins with papers dealing with the study and the application of the ray methods. Problems such as coupling of quasi-shear waves or smoothing of models for effective ray computations are dealt with. Applications of the ray methods in seismic exploration are presented. Further, directional wavefield decomposition, phase space, path integral and parabolic equation methods are discussed. Attention is also devoted to attenuation and scattering problems, and to seismic inversion problems.

On The Face Stability Of Shallow Tunnels In Sand

Author: Ansgar Kirsch
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 3832521496
Size: 28.38 MB
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Various models have been proposed for the prediction of the necessary support pressure at the face of a shallow tunnel. To assess their quality, the collapse of a tunnel face was modelled with small scale model tests at single gravity. The evolution of the failure mechanism and the development of the support force at the face in dry sand were investigated. The observed displacement patterns show a negligible influence of overburden on the extent and evolution of the failure zone. The latter is significantly influenced, though, by the initial density of the sand: in dense sand a chimney-wedge-type collapse mechanism developed, which propagated towards the soil surface. Initially loose sand did not show any development of a discrete collapse mechanism. The necessary support force was neither influenced by the overburden nor the initial density. A comparison with quantitative predictions by several theoretical models showed that the measured necessary support pressure is overestimated by most of the models. Only those by Vermeer/Ruse and Leca/Dormieux were able to predict the necessary support pressure on a 95 % confidence level. A three-dimensional finite element investigation of face stability served to assess the ability of two constitutive models, an elastoplastic Mohr-Coulomb and a hypoplastic model, to predict the necessary support pressure and the displacements at the tunnel face. The simulation of the small scale experiments revealed that the observed necessary support pressure and incremental displacements were predicted sufficiently well with both constitutive models.

Advanced Mathematical And Computational Geomechanics

Author: Dimitrios Kolymbas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540450793
Size: 62.64 MB
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Geomechanics is the mechanics of geomaterials, i.e. soils and rocks, and deals with fascinating problems such as settlements, stability of excavations, tunnels and offshore platforms, landslides, earthquakes and liquefaction. This edited book presents recent mathematical and computational tools and models to describe and simulate such problems in Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. It includes a collection of contributions emanating from the three Euroconferences GeoMath ("Mathematical Methods in Geomechanics") that were held between 2000 and 2002 in Innsbruck/Austria and Horto/Greece.

Shear Localization In Granular Bodies With Micro Polar Hypoplasticity

Author: J. Tejchman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540705554
Size: 72.56 MB
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This book includes a numerical investigation of shear localization in granular materials within micro-polar hypoplasticity, which was carried out during my long research stay at the Institute of Soil and Rock Mechanics at Karlsruhe University from 1985 to 1996. I dedicate my book to Prof. Gerd Gudehus from Germany, the former head of the Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics at Karlsruhe University and the supervisor of my scientific research during my stay in Karlsruhe, who encouraged me to deal with shear localization in granular bodies within micro-polar hypoplasticity. I greatly - preciate his profound knowledge, kind help constructive discussions, and collegial attitude to his co-workers. I am thankful to the both series editors: Prof. Wei Wu from Universität für Bodenkultur in Austria and Prof. Ronaldo Borja from Stanford University in USA for their helpful suggestions with respect to the contents and structure of the book. I am also grateful to Dr. Thomas Ditzinger and Mrs. Heather King from the Springer Publishing Company and SPS data processing team for their help in editing this book. Gdansk, Jacek Tejchman June 2008 Contents 1 Introduction......................................................................... 1 2 Literature Overview on Experiments........................................... 11 3 Theoretical Model.................................................................. 47 3.1 Hypoplastic Constitutive Model............................................. 47 3.2 Calibration of Hypoplastic Material Parameters........................... 60 3.3 Micro-polar Continuum........................................................ 67 3.4 Micro-polar Hypoplastic Constitutive Model.............................. 72 3.5 Finite Element Implementation................................................ 75 4 Finite Element Calculations: Preliminary Results............................

Geotechnical Engineering Handbook Fundamentals

Author: Ulrich Smoltczyk
Publisher: Ernst & Sohn
ISBN: 9783433014493
Size: 32.89 MB
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Volume 1 covers the basics necessary for any construction activity in foundation engineering. This systematic introduction to the assessment of soil and rock properties provides an insight into the requirements of Eurocode 7, Parts 1 and 3. It also gives details of geotechnical laboratory and field tests and the associated equipment, concise treatments of relevant solutions provided by the theories of elasticity and plasticity and numerical methods applied to solve problems of geotechnical design. The problems of earthquakes are also explained with regard to Eurocode 8.

Numerical Methods In Geotechnical Engineering

Author: Michael A. Hicks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315751828
Size: 55.41 MB
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Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering contains the proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (NUMGE 2014, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 June 2014). It is the eighth in a series of conferences organised by the European Regional Technical Committee ERTC7 under the auspices of the International

Numerical Modelling Of Construction Processes In Geotechnical Engineering For Urban Environment

Author: Theodoros Triantafyllidis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Size: 75.24 MB
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It has become increasingly important, particularly in an urban environment, to predict soil behaviour and to confine the settlement or deformation of buildings adjacent to construction sites. One important factor is the choice of construction procedure for the installation of piles, sheet pile walls, anchors or for soil improvement techniques, ground freezing and tunnelling methods. The modelling of construction processes, which are frequently associated with large deformations of the soil and with strong changes in the structure of the soil around the construction plant, in the case of, for example, a drill, a bit, a vibrator, or an excavation tool, requires sophisticated and new methods in numerical modelling. Often the simulation of the construction procedure is neglected in the calculations. Such methods are described and discussed in this book, as are examples of the methods applied to geotechnical practice, field and laboratory testing as well as case studies. This volume provides a valuable source of reference for scientists in geotechnical engineering and numerical modelling, geotechnical engineers, post graduate students, construction companies and consultants, manufacturers of geotechnical construction plants and software suppliers and developers of geotechnical construction methods.