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Juries And The Transformation Of Criminal Justice In France In The Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries

Author: James M. Donovan
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 9780807895771
Size: 10.98 MB
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James Donovan takes a comprehensive approach to the history of the jury in modern France by investigating the legal, political, sociocultural, and intellectual aspects of jury trial from the Revolution through the twentieth century. He demonstrates that these juries, through their decisions, helped shape reform of the nation's criminal justice system. From their introduction in 1791 as an expression of the sovereignty of the people through the early 1900s, argues Donovan, juries often acted against the wishes of the political and judicial authorities, despite repeated governmental attempts to manipulate their composition. High acquittal rates for both political and nonpolitical crimes were in part due to juror resistance to the harsh and rigid punishments imposed by the Napoleonic Penal Code, Donovan explains. In response, legislators gradually enacted laws to lower penalties for certain crimes and to give jurors legal means to offer nuanced verdicts and to ameliorate punishments. Faced with persistently high acquittal rates, however, governments eventually took powers away from juries by withdrawing many cases from their purview and ultimately destroying the panels' independence in 1941.

2010

Author: Massimo Mastrogregori
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110395428
Size: 49.87 MB
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Every year, the Bibliography catalogues the most important new publications, historiographical monographs, and journal articles throughout the world, extending from prehistory and ancient history to the most recent contemporary historical studies. Within the systematic classification according to epoch, region, and historical discipline, works are also listed according to author’s name and characteristic keywords in their title.

Who Judges

Author: Rieko Kage
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107194695
Size: 66.53 MB
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Who Judges? is the first book to explain why different states design their new jury systems in markedly different ways.

Crime History And Histories Of Crime

Author: Clive Emsley
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313287220
Size: 71.24 MB
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Essays on criminal behavior and justice around the world, from medieval Western Europe to modern Canada.

Transformations In American Legal History

Author: Daniel W. Hamilton
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN:
Size: 33.36 MB
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During his career at Harvard, Morton Horwitz changed the questions legal historians ask. The Transformation of American Law, 1780âe"1860 (1977) disclosed the many ways that judge-made law favored commercial and property interests and remade law to promote economic growth. The Transformation of American Law, 1870âe"1960 (1992) continued that project, with a focus on ideas that reshaped law as we struggled for objective and neutral legal responses to our countryâe(tm)s crises. In this book, Horwitzâe(tm)s students re-examine legal history from Americaâe(tm)s colonial era to the late twentieth century. They ask classic Horwitzian questions, of how legal doctrine, thought, and practice are shaped by the interests of the powerful, as well as by the ideas of lawyers, politicians, and others. The essays address current questions in legal history, from colonial legal practice to questions of empire, civil rights, and constitutionalism in a democracy. The essays are, like Horwitz, provocative and original as they continue his transformation of American legal history.

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 56.79 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.