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Justice In Conflict

Author: Mark Kersten
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191082945
Size: 58.45 MB
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What happens when the international community simultaneously pursues peace and justice in response to ongoing conflicts? What are the effects of interventions by the International Criminal Court (ICC) on the wars in which the institution intervenes? Is holding perpetrators of mass atrocities accountable a help or hindrance to conflict resolution? This book offers an in-depth examination of the effects of interventions by the ICC on peace, justice and conflict processes. The 'peace versus justice' debate, wherein it is argued that the ICC has either positive or negative effects on 'peace', has spawned in response to the Court's propensity to intervene in conflicts as they still rage. This book is a response to, and a critical engagement with, this debate. Building on theoretical and analytical insights from the fields of conflict and peace studies, conflict resolution, and negotiation theory, the book develops a novel analytical framework to study the Court's effects on peace, justice, and conflict processes. This framework is applied to two cases: Libya and northern Uganda. Drawing on extensive fieldwork, the core of the book examines the empirical effects of the ICC on each case. The book also examines why the ICC has the effects that it does, delineating the relationship between the interests of states that refer situations to the Court and the ICC's institutional interests, arguing that the negotiation of these interests determines which side of a conflict the ICC targets and thus its effects on peace, justice, and conflict processes. While the effects of the ICC's interventions are ultimately and inevitably mixed, the book makes a unique contribution to the empirical record on ICC interventions and presents a novel and sophisticated means of studying, analyzing, and understanding the effects of the Court's interventions in Libya, northern Uganda - and beyond.

Handbuch Frieden

Author: Hans J. Gießmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658236442
Size: 48.32 MB
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Dieses Handbuch beinhaltet das aktuelle Wissen zu Frieden, Friedenspolitik und zur Friedens- und Konfliktforschung. Die Beiträge behandeln den Friedensbegriff systematisch aus wissenschaftlicher und politischer Perspektive. Dabei werden die vielfältigen inhaltlichen Dimensionen und Bezüge des Begriffsfeldes Frieden verdeutlicht. Die Befunde der insgesamt 51 AutorInnen bieten ein umfassendes Bild der aktuellen und künftigen Herausforderungen von Friedensforschung und Friedenspolitik und beziehen die Praxis der Friedensarbeit ein. Das Handbuch Frieden ist somit unverzichtbar für alle Lehrenden und Forschenden an einschlägigen universitären und außeruniversitären Einrichtungen, für Studierende, SchülerInnen sowie in der Erwachsenenbildung. Es richtet sich zugleich an friedenspraktisch Tätige, SoldatInnen sowie an eine allgemein an friedenspolitischen Themen interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

International Criminal Justice Cooperation And Fighting Of Male Sexual Crimes

Author: Dimitris Liakopoulos
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3668912157
Size: 72.30 MB
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Document from the year 2019 in the subject Law - European and International Law, Intellectual Properties, Tufts University, language: English, abstract: The focus of this book is the analysis of male sexual crimes in international criminal justice. The first part of the present research work is focused on the legal analysis of the relevant articles of international criminal court's Statute regarding the obligation of cooperation between states for the punishment of serious crimes against humanity and war. Judicial development, starting with the ad hoc tribunals and arriving at causes at various stages of proceedings still ongoing in the International Criminal Court (ICC), opens doctrinal and comparative national debates especially in the case of lacking states cooperation, seeking to elaborate specific topics such as the obligation of states cooperation, requests for assistance during preliminary investigations,during inquires, and confidential information. Court assistance to states parties participating in the Statute, suspending the execution of a request, the role of the prosecutor and the non-assistance of some states impede the development and operation of international criminal justice. The second part has attempted to analyze sexual crimes and especially the crime of male rape.The jurisprudence of international criminal tribunals and the ICC have tried to qualify rapeeither as a crime of genocide in the form of serious and physical injuries, even if notnecessarily permanent (lett.b) Art.6 of the Rome Statute; or as a crime against humanity wherethere are elements of context and above all material elements that emerge from the defenitionsgiven by the ad hoc tribunals and the elements of crimes; or even as a war crime in case it isimplemented to that of sexual violence, according to a geneder specific relationship tospeciem. Judges through the jurisprudence have included in this context any conduct of asexual type of aggression to human dignity that does not consist in an act of penetration andthat does not involve physical contract. The contrasts are always open. Due to the lack ofdealing with a "particular" crime and difficult to prove it or testify before an internationalcourt. The indication on the level of gravity of the crime is necessary for the relevance ofsexual violence and rape as crimes against humanity that we will see in the coming years.