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Many Body Physics Topology And Geometry

Author: Siddhartha Sen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981467818X
Size: 61.43 MB
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The book explains concepts and ideas of mathematics and physics that are relevant for advanced students and researchers of condensed matter physics. With this aim, a brief intuitive introduction to many-body theory is given as a powerful qualitative tool for understanding complex systems. The important emergent concept of a quasiparticle is then introduced as a way to reduce a many-body problem to a single particle quantum problem. Examples of quasiparticles in graphene, superconductors, superfluids and in a topological insulator on a superconductor are discussed. The mathematical idea of self-adjoint extension, which allows short distance information to be included in an effective long distance theory through boundary conditions, is introduced through simple examples and then applied extensively to analyse and predict new physical consequences for graphene. The mathematical discipline of topology is introduced in an intuitive way and is then combined with the methods of differential geometry to show how the emergence of gapless states can be understood. Practical ways of carrying out topological calculations are described. Contents:OverviewMany-Body TheoryTopology and GeometryBoundary Conditions and Self-Adjoint ExtensionsElectronic Properties of Graphene Readership: Graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics and mathematical physics. Key Features:Topics are of current interest, e.g. graphene, topological insulators, Majorana fermionsIs self-contained and provides all the background material necessary to understand the physical or mathematical concepts discussedPractical ways of using topology, self-adjoint extensions as well as ways of making qualitative estimates in physics are explained and then illustrated by examplesKeywords:Condensed Matter Physics;Topology;Differential Geometry;Many-Body Problem;Graphene;Self-Adjoint Extensions;K-Theory;Quasiparticles;Superconductivity;Superfluidity;Topological Insulator;Mathematical Physics

Condensed Matter Field Theory

Author: Alexander Altland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521845084
Size: 39.41 MB
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Primer, including problems and solutions, for graduate level courses on theoretical quantum condensed matter physics.

Applications Of Contact Geometry And Topology In Physics

Author: Arkady L Kholodenko
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814412104
Size: 26.93 MB
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Although contact geometry and topology is briefly discussed in V I Arnol'd's book “Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics ”(Springer-Verlag, 1989, 2nd edition), it still remains a domain of research in pure mathematics, e.g. see the recent monograph by H Geiges “An Introduction to Contact Topology” (Cambridge U Press, 2008). Some attempts to use contact geometry in physics were made in the monograph “Contact Geometry and Nonlinear Differential Equations” (Cambridge U Press, 2007). Unfortunately, even the excellent style of this monograph is not sufficient to attract the attention of the physics community to this type of problems. This book is the first serious attempt to change the existing status quo. In it we demonstrate that, in fact, all branches of theoretical physics can be rewritten in the language of contact geometry and topology: from mechanics, thermodynamics and electrodynamics to optics, gauge fields and gravity; from physics of liquid crystals to quantum mechanics and quantum computers, etc. The book is written in the style of famous Landau–Lifshitz (L–L) multivolume course in theoretical physics. This means that its readers are expected to have solid background in theoretical physics (at least at the level of the L–L course). No prior knowledge of specialized mathematics is required. All needed new mathematics is given in the context of discussed physical problems. As in the L–L course some problems/exercises are formulated along the way and, again as in the L–L course, these are always supplemented by either solutions or by hints (with exact references). Unlike the L–L course, though, some definitions, theorems, and remarks are also presented. This is done with the purpose of stimulating the interest of our readers in deeper study of subject matters discussed in the text. Contents:Motivation and BackgroundFrom Ideal Magnetohydrodynamics to String and Knot TheoryAll About and Around Woltjer's TheoremTopologically Massive Gauge Theories and Force-Free FieldsContact Geometry and PhysicsSub-Riemannian Geometry, Heisenberg Manifolds and Quantum Mechanics of Landau LevelsAbrikosov Lattices, TGB Phases in Liquid Crystals and Heisenberg GroupSub-Riemannian Geometry, Spin Dynamics and Quantum-Classical Optimal ControlFrom Contact Geometry to Contact TopologyClosing Remarks:The Unreasonable Effectivenessof Contact Geometry and Topology in Physical SciencesAppendices:Heisenberg Group in the Context of Sub-Riemannian Geometry and Optimal ControlSub-Riemannian Dynamics of Josephson JunctionsQuantum Computers and Quantum Random WalksThe Measurement Protocol. Geometry and Topology of Entanglements Readership: Students in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. Keywords:Force-Free Fields;Contact and Sub-Riemannian Geometry;Optimal Control;Theoretical PhysicsKey Features:This book is the world's first book on contact/sub-Riemannian geometry and topology for physicistsUnlike books discussing mathematical methods for physicists, this book discusses physical problems first and only then uses new mathematics to solve these problems. Problems are selected from practically all branches of theoretical physicsThis is done with the purpose of demonstrating that contact geometry should be looked upon as a universal language/technical tool of theoretical physicsReviews: “This book is written in the style of the well-known Landau-Lifshitz multivolume course in theoretical physics and its prime goal, as the author puts it, is to show the diversity of applications of contact geometry and topology. I enjoyed reading this book, in which the author allows readers to see for themselves “the same forest behind different kinds of trees”. I strongly recommend this book to interested readers.” MathSciNet

Many Body Physics With Ultracold Gases

Author: Christophe Salomon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019966188X
Size: 59.93 MB
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This book provides authoritative tutorials on the most recent achievements in the field of quantum gases at the interface between atomic physics and quantum optics, condensed matter physics, nuclear and high-energy physics, non-linear physics, and quantum information.

Issues In Algebra Geometry And Topology 2013 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1490111069
Size: 24.72 MB
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Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Topology. The editors have built Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Topology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Algebra, Geometry, and Topology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

2003 Graduate Programs In Physics Astronomy And Related Fields

Author: American Institute of Physics
Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics
ISBN:
Size: 22.46 MB
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This comprehensive compendium provides information on nearly every U.S. doctoral program in physics and astronomy, plus data on most major master's programs in these fields. Information on many major Canadian programs is also included. In addition, the Graduate Programs directory lists a substantial number of related-field departments, including materials science, electrical and nuclear engineering, meteorology, medical and chemical physics, geophysics, and oceanography. This twenty-seventh annual edition contains information valuable to students planning graduate study and faculty advisors, including each program's research expenditures and sources of support. A number of helpful appendices make navigating the directory a simple task.

Brillouin Wigner Methods For Many Body Systems

Author: Stephen Wilson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048133734
Size: 71.21 MB
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Brillouin-Wigner Methods for Many-Body Systems gives an introduction to many-body methods in electronic structure theory for the graduate student and post-doctoral researcher. It provides researchers in many-body physics and theoretical chemistry with an account of Brillouin-Wigner methodology as it has been developed in recent years to handle the multireference correlation problem. Moreover, the frontiers of this research field are defined. This volume is of interest to atomic and molecular physicists, physical chemists and chemical physicists, quantum chemists and condensed matter theorists, computational chemists and applied mathematicians.

Mathematical Quantum Theory I

Author: Joel S. Feldman
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821870488
Size: 12.61 MB
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This book is the first volume of the proceedings of the Canadian Mathematical Society Annual Seminar on Mathematical Quantum Theory, held in Vancouver in August 1993. The seminar was run as a research-level summer school concentrating on two related areas of contemporary mathematical physics. The subject of the first session, quantum field theory and many-body theory, is covered in the present volume; papers from the second session, on Schrodinger operators, are in volume 2. Each session featured a series of minicourses, consisting of approximately four one-hour lectures, designed to introduce students to current research in a particular area. In addition, about thirty speakers gave one-hour expository lectures. With contributions by some of the top experts in the field, this book provides an overview of the state of the art in mathematical quantum field and many-body theory.

Geometric Algebra For Physicists

Author: Chris Doran
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643142
Size: 72.87 MB
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Geometric algebra is a powerful mathematical language with applications across a range of subjects in physics and engineering. This book is a complete guide to the current state of the subject with early chapters providing a self-contained introduction to geometric algebra. Topics covered include new techniques for handling rotations in arbitrary dimensions, and the links between rotations, bivectors and the structure of the Lie groups. Following chapters extend the concept of a complex analytic function theory to arbitrary dimensions, with applications in quantum theory and electromagnetism. Later chapters cover advanced topics such as non-Euclidean geometry, quantum entanglement, and gauge theories. Applications such as black holes and cosmic strings are also explored. It can be used as a graduate text for courses on the physical applications of geometric algebra and is also suitable for researchers working in the fields of relativity and quantum theory.